Zadmehr Torabi, Parvin Ghasemi, Rebellious and Strong Black Women in Paradise, ILSHS Volume 53, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 53)
    The main aim of this paper is to apply black feminist tenets especially those of Bell Hooks and Alice Walker to demonstrate that unlike the passive black female characters of <i>The Bluest Eye</i>, and the resisting but finally victimized black women of <i>Beloved</i>, the wise and strong black women of <i>Paradise</i> who live in the Convent, are strong enough to recreate themselves as subjects, and to cultivate their own unique identity in a hegemonic environment which is replete with racial and gender discrimination. Black feminist actions and womanistic rituals help them accomplish this improvement. Consolata, and Mavis are two of such strong women of the Convent who not only succeed in healing themselves, but also in healing other black women as well. Black feminists claim in order to place black women at the center of stories about the American past, they must be depicted as subjects, that is, as creative change-agents, rather than as objects, or victims of hegemonic agency. In <i>Paradise</i> black women are depicted thus, have their own voices, and completely reject the patriarchal ideology.
    Alice Walker, Bell Hooks, Black Feminism, <i>Paradise</i>, Subalterns, Toni Morrison