Pragya Nigam, Bina Gidwani, Hemant Kumar Dhongde, Anshita Gupta, Chanchal Deep Kaur, A Review on Pharmacognostical and Pharmacological Activities of Lagenaria siceraria Species, IJPPE Volume 1, International Journal of Pharmacology, Phytochemistry and Ethnomedicine (Volume 1)
    The Cucurbitaceae family consists of about 735 species. The present study includes detailed aspects of species of <i>Lagenaria siceraria</i> <i>(</i>Mol.) Standley is a medicinal plant. The plant mainly contains carbohydrates, protein, fats and amino acids. The active constituent of <i>Lagenaria</i> is cucurbitacin, lagenin and various mineral matters. In most of the countries <i>lagenaria</i> has been used as antioxidant, cardiotonic, liver tonic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, antihepatotoxic, antitumor, anti HIV, anti proliferative agent. Thus, <i>lagenaria</i> posses broad spectrum of pharmacological activities. Moreover, the entire plant and its parts like fruit, fruit pulp, seeds, epicarp etc. shows medicinally important properties. This review article focuses on the pharmacognostic, phytochemistry and pharmacological profile of <i>Lagenaria</i>.
    Anti HIV, Anti Proliferative, Antihepatotoxic, Anti-Inflammatory, Antioxidant, Antitumor, Cardiotonic, Diuretic, <i>Lagenaria siceraria</i>, Liver Tonic