Mala Ramesh, R. Nijagunappa, K. Manjunath, Urbanization Impact on Avifauna Population and its Status in Gulbarga City, Karnataka, India, ILNS Volume 26, International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 26)
https://www.scipress.com/ILNS.26.36
Abstract:
    The avifauna of Gulbarga city was studied for a period of one year. Gulbarga city has got one reservoirs in the heart of the city, the Shree Sharnabasveshwar Lake. The city has well protected by greenery, Gulbarga University Campus, Kapnoor (Industrial area). During the study of three different transects lines, 30 plants species and 42 birds species were observed, in which 35 are resident species, 6 winter migrant and 1 summer migrant respectively. Highest population of Cattle Egret (<i>Bubulcus ibis</i>) and Blue Rock Pigeon (<i>Columba livia</i>) was recorded in this study. The visitors include White-necked stork (<i>Ciconia episcopus</i>)<i>,</i> Yellow Wagtail (<i>Motacilla flava</i>) which are found in the study area. According to status of birds maximum (average) numbers of birds were found in highly urbanized area when compared to industrial area, but species wise variation was high in low urbanized compared to that of highly urbanized area.
Keywords:
    Avifauna, Gulbarga, Shree Sharnabasveshwar Lake