Musharaf Khan, Farrukh Hussain, Shahana Musharaf, Vegetation Structure in Shahbazgari, District Mardan, ILNS Volume 39, International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 39)
    The present work was made to investigate the vegetation structure of shrubs and herbs in research area. Total 48 plant species consisting of 7 shrubs and 41 herbs constructing <i>Cenchrus-Zizyphus-Saccharum</i> community from 9 sites in which 9 communities i.e. <i>Fumaria-Rumex-Xanthium </i>community<i>, Cynodon-Solanum-Sonchus </i>community<i>, Cynodon-Sorghum-Alhagi </i>community<i>, Ajuga-Malvastrum-Calotropis </i>community<i>, Cynodon </i>–<i>Convolvulus-Cyperus </i>community<i>, Ajuga-Saccharum-Chenopodium </i>community<i>, Alhagi-Rumex-Euphorbia </i>community<i>, Saccharum</i>-<i>Cannabis-Xanthium </i>community and<i> Achyranthus</i>-<i>Ajuga-</i><i>Euphorbia </i>community were found. The contribution of total important values by shrubs was 43.78 and 256.2 by herbs. The soil of the area had better calcium carbonate in the range of (11.72 – 12.99 %), with soil pH (6.45 – 8.11). The EC was found in the range of (0.13-0.22 dS m<sup>-1</sup>). The concentrations of P and K content were found in the range of (3.54-3.92 mg Kg<sup>-1</sup>) and (111.21-127.14 mg Kg<sup>-1</sup>). These results highlight the constant need for long-term ground-based conservation monitoring in combination with satellite-based monitoring of changes in vegetation cover.
    Community Structure, Quadrat Method, Soil, Vegetation