Samir S.I. Ghabour, Saad A. Mohamed, Sawsan A. Saif El-Yazal, Hasan M.H. Moawad, Phytochemical Properties of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa, L.) Plants Grown under Bio and Mineral Fertilizers in Different Types of Soil, ILNS.83, International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 83)
https://www.scipress.com/ILNS.83.1
Abstract:
    The aim of this study was to clarify the phytochemical property evaluation of Roselle plants grown under bio Azotobacterine (<i>Azotobacter</i> <i>chroococcum</i>) and phosphorein (<i>Bacillus </i><i>polymyxa</i>) and mineral (N, P and K fertilizers at the rates of 25, 50 and 100% from the doses recommended by Ministry of Agriculture) fertilizers applied in different types of soil. Samples of Roselle plants were obtained from different soils (clay soil at Dar El-Ramad farm, sandy loam and saline loamy sand soil at Demo farm, Faculty of Agriculture) at El-Fayoum governorate conditions. Moreover, some of the phytochemical properties (N, P and K percentage in roselle herb and its uptake, photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll A, chlorophyll B and carotenoids), anthocyanin pigment and pH value) of roselle plants (<i>Hibiscus </i><i>sabdariffa</i>, L.) under different soils were determined. The data obtained showed that, bio and mineral (NPK) fertilizers increased the above compositions of roselle plants under different soils of experiment. The maximum increase of these compositions was obtained by the treatment clay soil &times; 100% NPK + bio fertilizers, followed by clay soil &times; 50% NPK + bio fertilizers as compared to saline loamy sand soil &times; non fertilizer treatment, although, the differences between these treatments and mineral fertilizer at the rate of 100% NPK alone were insignificantly. Therefore, it is economically and environmentally recommended to inoculate roselle seeds with mixture of Azotobacter + Bacillus and fertilize these inoculated plants with 50% NPK for improve chemical compositions (N, P and K percentage in roselle herb and its uptake, photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll A, chlorophyll B and carotenoids), anthocyanin pigment and pH value) of roselle plants under clay soil. Key words: Roselle, <i>Hibiscus </i><i>sabdariffa</i> L., nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, biofertilization, soil type, salinity, chemical composition.
Keywords:
    Biofertilization, Chemical Composition, <i>Hibiscus sabdariffa</i> L, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Roselle, Salinity, Soil Type