Mohammed Gobara, Ahmad Baraka, Tartrazine Solution as Dosimeter for Gamma Radiation Measurement, Volume 33, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 33)
    In this study, Tartrazine aqueous solution was investigated as a simple low-dose dosimeter in the range of 20-500 Gy for the high ionizing radiation, gamma ray. Gradual bleaching of Tartarzine solution was observed with dose by measuring the absorbance of Tartarzine-solutions at specified wavelength, λ<sub>max</sub> = 428 nm. Tartrazine concentration (10<sup>–4</sup>, 5 ×10<sup>–4</sup> and 10<sup>–3</sup> M) and solution-initial pH value (5, 7 and 9) were considered as factors affecting degree of bleaching. It was found that Tartarzine-solution color was diminished gradually with selected dose range due to breakdown of the azo bond. The rate of bleaching increases with the increase of solution-initial pH. Increase of Tartarzine-concentration causes widening of range to which solution is susceptible. The post-irradiated effect (24 hours) was found to cause more bleaching. The sensitivity of Tartrazine solution is not regular with the Tartarzine-concentration and regular with pH.
    Degradation, Dosimeter, Gamma Radiation, Sensitivity, Tartrazine