Noora J. Mohmmed, Nadir F. Habubi, Structural and Optical Properties of Fe2O3-NiO Mixed Thin Films Prepared by Chemical Spray Pyrolysis, ILCPA Volume 33, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 33)
https://www.scipress.com/ILCPA.33.65
Abstract:
    Mixed Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> - NiO thin films have been prepared by chemical Spray pyrolysis technique onto glass substrate preheated to 450 °C. The thickness of thin films was found to be (400 ±20) nm. XRD measurements reveal that all the film exhibit polycrystalline hexagonal wrutzite with a preferred orientation along (104) plane for pure and 10 % and 20 % Ni, while for the rest the structure was amorphous. AFM analysis indicate a nanostructure for all the films. The optical energy gap was found to be increased from optical transitions seems to be direct and the optical energy gap seems to be increased from 2.5 to 2.69 eV as the percentage of NiO increase.
Keywords:
    Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>, Optical Properties, Spray Pyrolysis Technique, Structural