Ratnamala P. Sonawane, Comparative Study of Chemical Synthesis of Pyrimidine Derivatives by Using Grindstone Chemistry Technique and Conventional Method, ILCPA Volume 33, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 33)
    The majority of the drugs on the market today are entirely chemically synthesized in the laboratory. Several scientists had synthesized dihydropyrimidine (DHPMs) derivatives showing a wide spectrum of biological actions as antibacterials, antivirals as well as antitumor agents. This activity is principally due to presence of steriogenic carbon C4 in their structure. The current investigation is comparative study of chemically synthesis of two DHPMs derivatives by Biginelli Reaction using conventional method and grindstone chemistry technique. The synthesis of DHPMs derivative involves a multicomponent reaction (aldehyde derivative, urea /thiourea and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds) in presence of HCl / NH4Cl as a catalyst. Two derivative viz. 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2-(1H)-ones and 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2-(1H)-thiones were synthesized and characterized using IR. The melting points were obtained are 208 °C and 210 °C respectively. “Grindstone Chemistry Technique” catalyzed by CuCl2·2H2O and Conc. HCl. gave more yield, solvent free and ecofriendly. The obtained products have been identified by comparison with spectral data & their melting points. This study will help to develop easy protocol for the synthesis of many more DHPMs derivative with high yield.
    Biginelli Reaction, Dihydropyrimidine Derivatives, Grindstone Chemistry