Ravindra Solanki, R.B. Patel, Study of the Effects of Lateral Substitution (Bromo) on Mesomorphic Behaviours of Chalconyl Ester Derivatives, Volume 64, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 64)
https://www.scipress.com/ILCPA.64.135
Abstract:
    Novel homologous series: RO-C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>4</sub>-COO-C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>3</sub>-Br-CO-CH=CH-C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>4</sub>-OC<sub>18</sub>H<sub>3</sub> (n) (ortho bromo to –COO-) is synthesized and studied with a view to understand and establish the relation between mesomorphic properties and the molecular structure with reference to lateral substitution of bromine (-Br) at middle phenyl ring. Chalconyl homologous series consists of thirteen between (C<sub>1</sub> to C<sub>18</sub>) homologues. Nematogenic mesomorphism commences from C<sub>5 </sub>homologue and continue up to C<sub>18</sub> homologue in enantiotropic manner. Transition and melting points were determined by an optical polarizing microscopy (POM) equipped with a heating stage. Textures of nematic phase are threaded or schlieren. Transition curve Cr-N/I behaved in normal manner. N-I transition curve exhibited odd-even effect up to C<sub>8</sub> homologue. It (N-I) rises and fall with negligible deviations from its normal descending tendency which appears in case of homologues C<sub>10</sub> to C<sub>18</sub>. Thermal stability for nematic is 142.89 °C and the mesophase lengths vary minimum 8.0 °C to maximum 26.0 °C at the C<sub>7</sub> and C<sub>8</sub> homologue respectively. Liquid Crystal properties of present series are evaluated and compared with structurally analogous series and relative group efficiency order derived. Thus ,present series is predominantly nematogenic with absence of Smectic property. Analytical and spectral data supported moleculars of homologues.
Keywords:
    Enantiotropy, Lateral Substitution, Liquid Crystal, Nematic, Smectic