Nadir Fadhil Habubi, Raid A. Ismail, Esraa H. Hadi, Structural and Optical Properties of Undoped and Er3+-Doped ZnO Nanoparticles Synthesized by Laser Ablation in Ethanol, ILCPA Volume 63, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 63)
https://www.scipress.com/ILCPA.63.36
Abstract:
    In this paper ,we report on the fabrication and properties of undoped and 8.4% Er<sup>3+</sup>-doped ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by laser ablation in ethanol at laser fluence values2.92 J/cm<sup>2</sup>. The synthesized nanoparticles are characterized by structural properties using X-ray diffractrometer , scanning electron microscope and the optical properties are carried out through UV–Visible spectrophotometer. The X-ray diffractrometer pattern indicates that these nanoparticle were polycrystalline in nature with a hexagonal (wurtzite) phase. SEM reveals that The synthesized ZnO and Er-ZnO NPs have a spherical shape. Moreover, the optical band gaps calculated through UV spectroscopy are found to be decreased with doping from 3.3 to 3.2 eV.
Keywords:
    Nanoparticle ZnO, Optical Properties, SEM, XRD