Sandeep Kumar, Santosh, Non-Parametric and Parametric Analysis of Runoff in Satluj River Basin, Himachal Pradesh, India, Volume 54, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 54)
    Testing the significance of observed trends in hydrological time series has received a great attention recently, especially in connection with climate change. The changing pattern of runoff deserves urgent and systematic attention over a basin for planning, development, utilisation and management of water resources. Therefore, one large catchment i.e. Indian part of Satluj River Basin is selected for the present study. The daily data of runoff were converted to monthly and then computed to seasonal and annual series. The missing values in the data were computed by using average method. For better understanding of the observed trends, data were computed into standardised runoff indices (SDI). These standardised data series were plotted against time and the linear trends observed were represented graphically. The records of runoff were subjected to trend analysis by using both non-parametric (Mann-Kendall test) and parametric (linear regression analysis) procedures.Trend analysis results of runoff show that out of 8 annual trends 2 (25%) are statistically insignificant increasing and 6 (75%) are decreasing in nature where 2 (25%) are statistically significant at 95% confidence level. Apart from annual, the changes were investigated for the four seasons: winter (December-March), pre-monsoon (April-June), monsoon (July-September) and post-monsoon (October-November). The analysis of annual as well as seasonal runoff for the Satluj River Basin indicates significant changes from 1984 to 2010. There is a clear contrast in the runoff pattern of river between the high altitude mountainous region and the lower reaches where it changes as a result of contribution from rainfall, especially during monsoon season. Although the runoff at majority of stations showed decreasing trend, but very few are statistically significant. Such studies help us to resolve potential issues associated with availability of water for agriculture, industry, hydropower, domestic use etc.
    Mann-Kendall Test, Regression, Runoff, Satluj River Basin, Trend Analysis