Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

SFP > Volume 6 > Profitability of Cassava Processing: A Case Study...
< Back to Volume

Profitability of Cassava Processing: A Case Study of Otukpo Lga, Benue State, Nigeria

Full Text PDF


The study investigated the economics of cassava processing in Otukpo Local Government Area, Benue State, Nigeria. Data were collected using well-structured questionnaire administered to 60 cassava processors. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Profit function, independent sample t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Results showed that majority of the processors were within the age group of 31–40 years with mean year of experience of 34 years. They were mostly women with an average of 8 persons per household. Traditional technologies mostly were employed by the cassava processors. The profitability analysis showed that cassava processing into garri (fried cassava granules), chips and fufu/akpu (cassava dough) are profitable, (t =23.55, 11.95, 12.37: P≤ 0.01). Moreover, the result of the ANOVA showed that there was a significant difference (F=44.48:P≤0.01) in the profit level of cassava processed into garri, chips and fufu/akpu. The result of the post-hoc of ANOVA shows that among the three cassava products studied, garri had the highest profit. The cassava processors encountered many set-backs like poor equipment, high cost of transportation, inadequate capital and poor road network even though processing is a viable and profitable venture. Modern processing technologies should be developed and disseminated to processors while adequate infrastructural facilities and credits should also be provided.


Sustainable Food Production (Volume 6)
D. P. Ani et al., "Profitability of Cassava Processing: A Case Study of Otukpo Lga, Benue State, Nigeria", Sustainable Food Production, Vol. 6, pp. 12-23, 2019
Online since:
May 2019

[1] A.P. Ugwaja., O.B. Aledesote, Effects of socio-economic characteristics of cassava based farmers on their adoption of climate change Adaptation strategies in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State. Proceedings of the Nigeria Association of Agricultural Economics held at the Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria. 24th-27th, February, Pp. 196-202, (2014).

[2] A.I. Bamgboye, B. S. Kosemani, Energy Input in the Production of Cassava, Energy and Environment Research. 5(1) (2015) 42-48.

[3] L. Shubo et al., The industrial application of cassava: current status, opportunities and prospects, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 97 (2017) 2282-2290.

[4] A.O. Omotayo, A.J. Oladejo, Profitability of Cassava-based Production Systems, J. Hum. Ecol. 56(1, 2) (2016) 196-203.

[5] S.O. Odebode, Appropriate Technology for Cassava Processing in Nigeria: User's Point of View, Journal of International Women's Studies. 9(3) (2008) 269-286.

[6] A.G. Iyagba, A review on Root and Tuber Crop Production and their weed management among small scale farmers in Nigeria, APRN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 5(4) (2010) 52-58.

[7] I. Abdul-Azeez, Cassava Export and Local Utilization in Nigeria Top Secrets. The Consulting, Thursday May 30th, 2013 (2013).

[8] F.I. Nweke, Spread and Performance of Cassava Varieties in Nigeria COSCA (1988). Working paper No. 15 Collaborative Study of Cassava in Africa. IITA Ibadan, Nigeria.

[9] A.O. Ubalua, E.N.A. Mbanaso, A Novelgene, Transformation Technique for Farmer's Preferred Cassava Cultivar (Nwibibi) from Nigeria, World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 9(3) (2013) 284-289.

[10] FAO Nigeria at a glance,. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. (2017) Available at, accessed 1 September (2017).

[11] A.K.O. Nnadozie et al., Nigerian Cassava Potentials in National Economic Development, Science Journal of Business and Management. 3(5-1) (2015) 47-49.

[12] FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2013). FAOSTAT Online Statistical Database. Accessed on 01/07/2013.

[13] USAID New partners invest in Mozambique's Future. Washington, D.C.: USAID (2015).

[14] L. S. Sanusi, Industrial Agricultural Raw Materials: Critical Issues in Processing, Marketing and Investment, in: H.D. Ibrahim, B.O. Olugbemi, O.J. Marinho (Eds.), Re-engineering Raw Materials Resources: A Panacea for Economic and Industrial Development. 3RD Raw Materials Research and Development Council Annual International Conference on Natural Resources Development and Utilization. pp.90-95.

[15] O.O. Kuye, O.I. Ettah, Contributions of urban mixed cropping to household food Security in Nigeria and around the globe, International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology. 1(2) (2016) 89-101.


[16] Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER), Reducing Food Crop Losses through Post-Harvest Management in Nigeria, NISER Unpublished Research Study, 2013. NISER, Ibadan (2013).


[17] A. S. Olomola, Background paper for the competitive commercial agriculture in Africa study (CCAA): Nigeria case study, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, Ibadan, (2007).

[18] P.K. Oladele, L.A. Agebetoge, A.S. Ogunlowo, Evaluation of Cassava Mash Dewatering Methods, Journal of Bioinformatics and sequence Analysis. 3(2) (2011) 23-30.

[19] I.A. Ayinde, C. A. Afolami, A. B. Aromolaran, Intra-zonal Poverty Situation among Farmers in Ogun State, Moore Journal of Agricultural Research. 3(2) (2003) 306-312.

[20] A. Muhammad-Lawal, O.A. Omotesho, F.A. Oyedemi, An Assessment of the Economics of Cassava Processing in Kwara State, Nigeria. International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists, September 22-25, 2013, Hammamet, Tunisia (2013).

[21] A. M. Lawal, O. A. Omotesho, F. A. Oyedemi, An Assessment of the Economics of Cassava Processing in Kwara State, Nigeria, in: 4th International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists, September 22-25, Hammamet, Tunisia, (2013).

[22] G. M. Omolara, A.A. Alabi, A. O. Omotayo, Cost and Return Analysis of Cassava Flour (Lafun) Production among the Women of Osun State, Nigeria, Science Research. 5(5) (2017) 72-77.


[23] Benue State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (BNARDA), Implementation, Completion Report on National Special programme for Food Security NSPFS, Benue State, Nigeria pp.1-23 (2005).

[24] P.I. Ater, J.C. Umeh, Spatial benefit cost analysis in the World Bank assisted fadama enterprises in Benue State. Proceeding of the 38th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN). College of Agriculture, Lafia (2004).

[25] A. Zwald et al., Economic Costs and Labor Efficiencies Associated with Raising Dairy Herd Replacements on Wisconsin Dairy Farms and Custom Heifer Raising Operations. Madison: University of Wisconsin- Extension. Retrieved from heifermgmt/documents/ ICPAfinalreport.pdf (2007).

[26] IRRI, Basic Procedures for Agroeconomic Research. Manila: IRRI (1991).

[27] O.O. Ehinmowo, J.A. Afolabi, A.I. Fatuase, Determinants of Profitability among Small-Scale Cassava Processors in South Western Nigeria, RJOAS. 1(37) (2015).


[28] J.A. Oladejo et al., Profitability of Cassava Processing (Pupuru Flour) in Ondo State, Nigeria, Ge-International Journal of Management Research. 2(10) (2014).

[29] A. A. Bamidele, Economics of Cassava Flour Production in Odeda Local Government Area, Ogun State, Nigeria. (2007).

[30] O. A. Ashaye, T. A. Adegbulugbe, O. J. Dawodu, Evaluation of the Processing Technologies of Cassava Chips and Flour in Oyo and Ogun States of Nigeria, World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 1(1) (2005)56-58.

[31] T. A. Okeowo, Profitability of Cassava Processing in Epe Local Government Area of Lagos State, International Journal of Applied Research and Technology. 4(9) (2015) 39–47.

[32] O. C. Okorie, D.O. Ohajianja, N.C. Ehrim, Value Chain Analysis of Cassava and Cassava-based Products in Imo State, Nigeria, International Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences. 2(4) (2006).


[33] J.O. Effiong et al., Costs and Returns Analysis of Gari Processing in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria, Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences. 4(2) (2014) 1646-1653.

[34] I. A. Ayinde et al., Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Processing of a Shelf Stable Cassava Fufu in Nigeria, in: Proceedings of the Sixth International Scientific Meeting of the Cassava Biotechnology Network, held at International Centre for Tropical Agriculture, Cali, Columbia (2004).

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.