Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

SFP > Volume 3 > A Study on Effects of Salinity on Growth and Yield...
< Back to Volume

A Study on Effects of Salinity on Growth and Yield of Tomato Genotype (Solanum lycopersicum)

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

Saline water occupies 71% of the Earth area. It is thought that even a quarter of the whole pedosphere is affected by salts amounting to 950 x 106 ha while 23 % of the 1.5 x 109 ha cultivated land is considered as saline. This study was carried out to investigate the influence of salinity on the on growth and yield of tomato genotypes. The seedlings 20 genotype were divided into three groups, Sodium chloride (NaCl) dissolved in irrigation water to make variant concentration of 30, 60 mg/L of salt concentration using E. C meter which were used to water the plants. Vegetative and reproductive characterization was evaluated. Data obtained were subjected to one way analysis of variance using SPSS (20) Statistical Software. All the genotypes exhibited a decline significantly in vegetative and reproductive parameters measured, with increasing salt concentration. In conclusion, the result of this research suggest that salinity decline both vegetative and reproductive parameters in tomato.

Info:

Periodical:
Sustainable Food Production (Volume 3)
Pages:
16-24
Citation:
J.'afar Umar et al., "A Study on Effects of Salinity on Growth and Yield of Tomato Genotype (Solanum lycopersicum)", Sustainable Food Production, Vol. 3, pp. 16-24, 2018
Online since:
November 2018
Keywords:
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] F. Amini et al., Protein Pattern changes in tomato under in vitro salinity, Russian Journal of Plant Physiology. 54 (2007) 464-471.

[2] H.J. Bohnert, R.G. Jensen, Strategies for engineering water stress tolerance in plants, Trend in Biotechnology. 14 (1996) 89-97.

[3] Central Bank of Nigeria, Consumer reports on crops. 12 (2012) 23-37.

[4] M.R. Foolad, Genome mapping and molecular breeding of tomato, International Journal of Plant Genomics. 2 (2007) 643-658.

[5] GAIN, Reort on assessment of commodity and trade issues, Gain and Feed Animals, 2018. Available: http/www.proshoreng.com. Retrieved: 11/02 (2018).

[6] A.M. Gumi et al., Salinity Stress: Effects on growth, biochemical parameters and ion homeostasis in Solanum lycopersicum L. (Cv. Daneka), Central European Journal of Experimental Biology. 2(3) (2013) 20-25.

[7] M. Hasanuzzaman et al., Potential use of halophytes to remediate saline soils, Journal of Biomedical Research International. 45 (2014) 589-641.

[8] R. Hunt, Plant Growth Analysis, Oxford University Press, London, UK, (1981).

[9] IPGRI, Crop parameters. AquaCrop Annex 1 Version 4.0, (2005).

[10] IPGRI, Plant Genome Databases. SolGenes (for tomato) was developed by Cornell University with funding from the Plant Genome Project of the USDA, 2015. Available: http://probe.nalusda.gov:8300.

[11] U. Ja'afar, A.A. Aliero, A study on the vegetative and osmolyte accumulation of Capsicum frutescens L. under zinc stress, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Studies. 2(8) (2015) 23-27.

[12] J. Muhammad et al., Studies on germination and growth of cabbage, sugar beet, paniculate and pak-choi, Journal of Central European Agriculture. 7 (2006) 273-281.

[13] R. Munns, R.A. James, A. Läuchli, Approaches to increasing the salt tolerance of wheat and other cereals, Journal of Experimental Botany. 57 (2006) 1025-1043.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erj100

[14] J.B. Passioura, Root signals control leaf expansion in wheat seedlings growing in drying soil, Australian Journal of Plant Physiology. 15 (1988) 687-693.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1071/pp9880687

[15] M.P. Reddy et al., Effects of salinity on growth, ion accumulation, protein, proline content and antioxidant enzymes activity in callus culture of Jatropha curcas, Biologia. 63 (2008) 378-382.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0054-7

[16] D.W. Rush, E. Epstein, Genotypic responses to salinity: differences between salt sensitive and salt-tolerant genotypes of the tomato, Journal of Plant Physiology. 57 (2006) 162-166.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.57.2.162

[17] R.A. Shibli et al., Physiological and biochemical responses of tomato micrshoots to induce salinity stress with associated ethylene accumulation, Plant Growth Regulation. 51 (2007) 159-169.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-006-9158-7

[18] J. Singh, E.V.D. Sastry, V. Singh, Effect of salinity on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) during seed germination stage, Journal of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology. 18 (2012) 45–50.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12298-011-0097-z

[19] J.L. Van Hintum, A computer compatible system for scoring heterogeneous populations, Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 40 (1993) 133-136.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00051117

[20] T. Wada et al., Effect of foliar application of calcium solutions on the incidence of blossom-end rot of tomato fruit, Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science. 65 (1996) 553–558.

[21] T. Wallace, Rural Development through Irrigation: Studies in town on the Kano River Project, CSER, ABU, Zaria, Nigeria, (2013).

[22] Y. Zhai, Q. Yang, M. Hou, The Effects of Saline Water Drip Irrigation on Tomato Yield, Quality and Blossom-end rot incidence —A Case Study in the South of China, PLoS ONE. 10 (2015) e0142204.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142204

[23] X. Zhang et al., Recent progress in drought and salt tolerance studies in Brassica crops, Journal of Science Breeding. 64 (2014) 60–73.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1270/jsbbs.64.60
Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.