Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

SFP > SFP Volume 2 > Dietary Supplementation of a Mixture of...
< Back to Volume

Dietary Supplementation of a Mixture of Saponin-Rich Plants to Reduce Ammonia-Nitrogen Excretion in Juvenile Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

The intensification in aquaculture production leads to increasing attention on the management of ammonia from its waste. Natural solutions such as Yucca schidigera extracts have shown beneficial effects. Their origin (harvested from the wild), however, call for alternative and equally efficient solutions in order to increase the sustainability of their production. In this work, juvenile Nile tilapias (Oreochromis niloticus) were supplemented with different doses of a commercial mixture of saponin-rich plants (Norponin® OPTI, CTL: 0ppm, D1: 100ppm, D2: 500ppm and D3: 2500ppm). The impact on water quality was monitored, with a particular attention to total ammonia excretion (TAN). TAN was significantly reduced in treatments D1 and D2 compared to the control and D3 treatments (p<0.05). Overall, the present study demonstrates that a supplementation with low doses of the feed additive (100 or 500ppm) induced beneficial effects on TAN management.

Info:

Periodical:
Sustainable Food Production (Volume 2)
Pages:
6-12
Citation:
P. Engler et al., "Dietary Supplementation of a Mixture of Saponin-Rich Plants to Reduce Ammonia-Nitrogen Excretion in Juvenile Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)", Sustainable Food Production, Vol. 2, pp. 6-12, 2018
Online since:
June 2018
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] R.A. Santacruz-Reyes, Y.-H. Chien, Yucca schidigera extract – A bioresource for the reduction of ammonia from mariculture, Bioresour. Technol. 101(14) (2010) 5652–5657.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.01.127

[2] R.A. Santacruz-Reyes, Y.-H. Chien, Ammonia reduction in seawater by Yucca schidigera extract: efficacy analysis and empirical modelling, Aquac. Res. 41(8) (2010) 1221–1228.

[3] M. Arce-Montoya et al., No correlation between the growth of in vitro cultured Yucca valida clones and the growth of their mother plants in the field, Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 88(1) (2007) 35.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11240-006-9175-2

[4] A. Budan et al., Effect of several saponin containing plant extracts on rumen fermentation in vitro, Tetrahymena pyriformis and sheep erythrocytes, J. Food Agric. Environ. 11(2) (2013) 576–582.

[5] R. Core Team, R: A language and environment for statistical computing, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, (2017).

[6] M.M. Gaber, The effects of plant-protein-based diets supplemented with yucca on growth, digestibility, and chemical composition of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus, L) fingerlings, J. World Aquac. Soc. 37(1) (2006) 74–81.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-7345.2006.00008.x

[7] G. Francis, H.P.S. Makkar, K. Becker, Effects of Quillaja saponins on growth, metabolism, egg production and muscle cholesterol in individually reared Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part C. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 129(2) (2001).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1532-0456(01)00189-2

[8] A.M. Kelly, C.C. Kohler, Effects of Yucca shidigera extract on growth, nitrogen retention, ammonia excretion, and toxicity in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus and hybrid tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus × O. niloticus, J. World Aquac. Soc. 34(2) (2003).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-7345.2003.tb00052.x

[9] G.W. Njagi et al., Effects of dietary Yucca meal on growth, haematology, non-specific immune responses and disease resistance of juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758), Aquac. Res. 48(8) (2017) 4399–4408.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/are.13264

[10] Y.T. Amoah et al., Evaluation of different dietary additives based on growth performance, innate immunity and disease resistance in juvenile Amur catfish, Silurus asotus, Int. Aquat. Res. 9(4) (2017) 351–360.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40071-017-0181-2

[11] J.H. Tidwell et al., Effects of Yucca shidigera extract on water quality and fish growth in recirculating-water aquaculture systems, Progress. Fish-Cult. 54(3) (1992) 196–201.

[12] M. Gu et al., Effects of diet supplementation of soya-saponins, isoflavones and phytosterols on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, L) fry fed from start-feeding, Aquac. Nutr. 21(5) (2015) 604–613.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12187

[13] A. Couto et al., Effects of dietary soy saponins and phytosterols on gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) during the on-growing period, Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 198 (2014) 203–214.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2014.09.005

[14] A. Couto et al., Effects of dietary phytosterols and soy saponins on growth, feed utilization efficiency and intestinal integrity of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) juveniles, Aquaculture. 432 (2014) 295–303.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.05.009

[15] A. Couto et al., Saponins and phytosterols in diets for European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles: effects on growth, intestinal morphology and physiology, Aquac. Nutr. 21(2) (2015) 180–193.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12146

[16] B. Yun et al., Effects of soya saponins on feed intake, growth performance, and cholesterol metabolism in juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L), The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture – Bamidgeh. (2015).

[17] W. Chen et al., Effects of dietary soybean saponins on feed intake, growth performance, digestibility and intestinal structure in juvenile Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), Aquaculture. 318(1) (2011) 95–100.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.04.050

[18] G. Francis, H.P.S. Makkar, K. Becker, Effects of cyclic and regular feeding of a Quillaja saponin supplemented diet on growth and metabolism of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), Fish Physiol. Biochem. 24(4) (2001) 343.

[19] A.E. Serrano, Effects of Quillaja saponins on growth, feed efficiency, digestive enzyme activities and metabolism of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L), Aquac. Nutr. 19(4) (2013) 468–474.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2012.00980.x

[20] B. Güroy et al., Effects of dietary Nutrafito Plus on growth, haemotological parameters and total ammonia-nitrogen excretion of juvenile striped catfish Pangasianodon hypophthalmus, Aquac. Res. 47(6) (2016) 1770–1777.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/are.12634

[21] R.A. Santacruz-Reyes, Y.-H. Chien, Efficacy of Yucca schidigera extract for ammonia reduction in freshwater: Effectiveness analysis and empirical modeling approach, Aquaculture. 297(1) (2009) 106–111.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2009.09.026

[22] S. Vargasmachuca et al., The effect of Yucca schidigera liquid extract on water quality and survival of Pacific Red Snapper Lutjanus Peru during acclimatization, Arch. Med. Vet. 47 (2015) 107–109.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4067/s0301-732x2015000100018

[23] Q. Yang et al., Effects of different levels of Yucca schidigera extract on the growth and nonspecific immunity of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) and on culture water quality, Aquaculture. 439(Supplement C) (2015) 39–44.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.11.029

[24] D. Knudsen et al., Dietary soya saponins increase gut permeability and play a key role in the onset of soyabean-induced enteritis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), Br. J. Nutr. 100(1) (2008) 120–129.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114507886338

[25] G. Francis, H.P.S. Makkar, K. Becker, Dietary supplementation with a Quillaja saponin mixture improves growth performance and metabolic efficiency in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), Aquaculture. 203(3) (2002) 311–320.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0044-8486(01)00628-7
Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.