Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

SFP > SFP Volume 2 > Dietary Effect of Velvet Bean (Mucuna utilis) Leaf...
< Back to Volume

Dietary Effect of Velvet Bean (Mucuna utilis) Leaf Meal on Haematology and Serum Biochemistry of Broiler Finisher Birds

Full Text PDF


A study was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding varying levels of Mucuna utilis leaf meal (MULM) on the haematological and serum biochemistry parameters of broiler finisher birds using ninety six (96) four week old chicks for 29 days. The birds were randomly assigned to the four treatments, each replicated three times with eight (8) birds constituting a replicate. The birds were allotted to four treatments containing 0, 10, 20, and 30% MULM. The haematological parameters evaluated showed no significant difference (P> 0.05) on PCV, Hb, RBC and WBC. MCHC was improved and better at D birds in comparison to other treatments. MCV and MCH differ significantly (P< 0.05) with birds on control showing higher values than those on C and D. Total protein, albumin and globulin showed better (p<0.05) values for the treatment groups when compared with the control group. The study concluded that, on account of adequate haematocrit and immune status, incorporation of MULM at 30% in the diets of broiler finisher birds had no deleterious effect on haematological and serum biochemical indices and therefore recommend for production of healthy broilers.


Sustainable Food Production (Volume 2)
P.-D. C. Jiwuba and E. C. Onunwa, "Dietary Effect of Velvet Bean (Mucuna utilis) Leaf Meal on Haematology and Serum Biochemistry of Broiler Finisher Birds", Sustainable Food Production, Vol. 2, pp. 1-5, 2018
Online since:
June 2018

[1] O.A. Aderinola et al., Utilization of Moringa oleifera leaf as feed supplement in broiler diet, International Journal of Food, Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. 3(3) (2013) 94-102.

[2] D.B. Duncan, Multiple range test and multiple F-test, Biometrics. 1 (1955) 1-42.

[3] O.O. Emenalon, I.C. Nwachukwu, Effect of calcium hydroxide soaked and cooked velvet beans (Mucuna pruriens) on performance of finisher broilers, Nig. J. Anim. Prod. 33(1) (2006) 53-57.


[4] N.N. Etim et al., Haematological parameters: indicators of the physiological status of farm animals, British J. Sci. 10(1) (2013) 33-45.

[5] P.C. Jiwuba et al., Feed intake, body weight changes and haematology of West African dwarf goats fed dietary levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal, Agricultura. 13(1-2) (2016) 71-77.


[6] P.C. Jiwuba et al., Blood profile of West African Dwarf goats fed provitamin A cassava peel-centrosema leaf meal based diets, Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii Alexandru Ioan Cuza din Iasi. Sectiunea II A, Genetica si Biologie Moleculara. 17(3) (2016).

[7] P.C. Jiwuba et al., Haematological and serum biochemical indices of weaner rabbits fed varying levels of dried Gmelina arborea leaf meal, International Blood Research and Reviews. 6(2) (2016) 1-8.


[8] C.A. Johnson-Delaney, Exotic companion medicine handbook for veterinarians, Winger, Lake Worth Florida, (1996).

[9] B.K. Manjunatha et al., Studies on the antibacterial activity of Mucuna monosperma DC, Indian Drugs. 43 (2006) 150-152.

[10] B.M. Mitruka, H.M. Rawnsley, Chemical biochemical and haematological references, values in normal experimental animal. Mason publishing, USA Inc. N.V, 1977, pp.88-142.

[11] I.A. Muhammad et al., Studies on haematology and serum biochemistry of broiler chickens finished on an unprocessed and processed velvet bean (Mucuna Pruriens (L.)) as dietary protein sources, Biokemistri. 27(2) (2015) 68–75.

[12] B.T. Sese, M. Okpeku, A. Igirigi, Impact of tropical velvet bean (Mucuna Utilis) leaf meal on performance, organ weight and haematological indices of young rabbits, J. Anim. Sci. Adv. 4(4) (2014) 777-786.

[13] P. Siddhuraju, K. Vijayakumari, K. Janardhanan, Chemical composition and protein quality of the little known legume, velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens (L) DC.), J. Agric. Food Chem. 44(9) (1996) 2636-2641.


[14] Z. Steiner et al., Effect of dietary protein/energy combinations on male broiler breeder performance, Acta agriculturae Slovenica. 2 (2008) 107-115.

[15] A.B.I. Udedibie, C.R. Carlini, Crack and cook. A simple and quick process for elimination of concanavalin A (Con A) from Canavalia seeds, Anim. Feed Sci. Tec. 74(2) (1998) 179-184.


[16] C.O. Ujowundu et al., Evaluation of the chemical composition of Mucuna utilis leaves used in herbal medicine in South-Eastern Nigeria, Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 4(11) (2010) 811-816.

[17] P.K. Warrier, V.P.K. Nambiar, C. Ramankutty, Indian medicinal plants, a compendium of 500 species, Vol. 4, Orient Longman Limited, Madras, India, (1996).

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] L. Nhlane, C. Mnisi, V. Mlambo, M. Madibana, "Nutrient Digestibility, Growth Performance, and Blood Indices of Boschveld Chickens Fed Seaweed-Containing Diets", Animals, Vol. 10, p. 1296, 2020