Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

JHPR > Volume 7 > Growth and Dry Matter Accumulation of Okra...
< Back to Volume

Growth and Dry Matter Accumulation of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) as Influenced by Different Plating Pattern Under Okra - Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) Intercropping

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

Compared to sole cropping, intercropping systems can more efficiently use the existing resources which ultimately lead to improved plant growth and dry matter accumulation. So, most of the farmers in developing countries can follow the intercropping systems with high yielding crop combinations. The experiment was carried out at the Crop Farm of Eastern University, Sri Lanka in 2018 to investigate the growth and dry matter accumulation in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) as influenced by different planting patterns under okra-cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) intercropping in sandy regosol. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). Treatments were okra as a sole crop (T1), cowpea as a sole crop (T2), alternative planting of okra and cowpea (T3), 60/150 cm paired row planting of okra with two rows and three rows of cowpea in between paired rows (T4 and T5) and 75/120 cm paired row planting of okra with two rows and three rows of cowpea in between paired rows (T6 and T7). Plant height, root length, fresh and dry weights of plant, leaf area, leaf area index, canopy width and cumulative yield of okra were higher in T5, while chlorophyll content showed no significant difference (P>0.05) with different planting patterns. The present study concluded that 60/150 cm paired row planting of okra with three rows of cowpea in between paired rows (T5) would be the most suitable planting system in sandy regosol to achieve better growth and dry matter in okra.

Info:

Periodical:
Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research (Volume 7)
Pages:
81-96
Citation:
A.K.M.R.B. Maduwanthi and B. Karunarathna, "Growth and Dry Matter Accumulation of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) as Influenced by Different Plating Pattern Under Okra - Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) Intercropping", Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research, Vol. 7, pp. 81-96, 2019
Online since:
August 2019
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] E. O. Ajayi, I. B. Adeoye, O. A. Shittu, Economic analysis of intercropping okra with legumes, Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 62(2) (2017) 193-202.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/jas1702193a

[2] Nihort. (1985). Effect of spacing and different rates of nitrogen fertilizer on seed yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Monech). Nihort Vegetable Programme Annual Report.

[3] J. Jalilian, A. Najafabadi, M. R. Zardashti, Intercropping patterns and different farming systems affect the yield and yield components of safflower and bitter vetch, Journal of Plant Interactions. 12(1) (2017) 92-99.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17429145.2017.1294712

[4] A. Bationa, B. Ntare, Rotation and nitrogen fertilizer effects on pearl millet, cowpea and groundnut yield and soil chemical properties in a sandy soil in the semi-arid tropics, West Africa, Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge. 134 (2000) 277-284.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/s0021859699007650

[5] F. M. Itulya, V. N. Mwaja, J. B. Masiunas, Collard-cowpea intercrop response to nitrogen fertilization, redroot pigweed density, and collard harvest frequency, Horticultural Science. 32(5) (1997) 850-853.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/hortsci.32.5.850

[6] M. Wang et al., Growth, chlorophyll content and combined output value in eggplant/garlic relay intercropping systems, Pakistan Journal of Botany. 47(5) (2015) 1727-1734.

[7] V, Balasubramanian, L, Sekayange, Area harvests equivalency ratio for measuring efficiency in multiseason intercropping, Agronomy Journal. 82 (1990) 519-522.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1990.00021962008200030016x

[8] H. G. Zyada, Growth, Yield and its Components, Chemical constituents, correlation coefficient and competition indices of okra and cowpea as influenced by different intercropping systems, Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research. 5(4) (2016) 726-738.

[9] P. Choudhuri, Growth, yield, quality and economic impacts of intercropping in vegetable and spice crops, Ph.D. thesis, Department of Vegetable and Spice Crops., Uttar Banga Kirishi Viswavidyalaya., West Bengal, India, (2011).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23910/ijbsm/2016.7.4.1398b

[10] I. I. Ibeawuchi, J. C. Obiefuna, M. C. Ofoh, Effect of row spacing on yield and yield components of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) and mixture groundnut (Archis hypogaea), Journal of Agronomy. 4(4) (2005) 304-307.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ja.2005.304.307

[11] I. L. Hamma, S. M. Yusuf, U. D. Idris, Evaluation of maize (Zea Mays L.) and okra (Abelmoschus Esculentus (L.) Moench) intercropping system at Samaru, Zaria, Global Journal of Advanced Research. 2(1) (2015) 16-22.

[12] P. Choudhuri, J. C. Jana, Intercropping in okra for sustainable vegetable production, International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 7(4) (2016) 837-840.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23910/ijbsm/2016.7.4.1398b

[13] J. N. Odedina et al., Evaluation of cowpea varieties (Vigna unguiculata L.Walp) for intercropping with okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Monech), American Journal of Research Communication. 2(2) (2014) 91-108.

[14] M. E. Madisa et al., Effects of plant spacing on the growth, yield and yield components of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) in Botswana, American Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 6(1) (2015) 7-14.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/ajea/2015/14199

[15] M. Ijoyah, D. Dzer, Yield performance of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) and maize (Zea mays L.) as affected by time of planting maize in Makurdi, Nigeria, International Scholarly Research Network Agronomy. 1 (2012) 1-7.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/485810

[16] D. S. Kumar et al., A review: Abelmoschus esculentus (okra), International Research Journal of Pharmaceutical and Applied Sciences. 3(4) (2013) 129-132.

[17] M. O. Akande et al., Response of maize (Zea mays) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) intercrop relayed with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) to different levels of cow dung amended phosphate rock, World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2(1) (2006) 119-122.

[18] M. O. Ijoyah, U. A. Usman, Okra: a potential intercrop for farmers in Nigeria, Journal of Global Biosciences. 2(6) (2013) 222-235.

[19] O. A. Agba et al., Effects of spacing on the growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) moench in Obubra, cross river state, Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 10(1) (2011) 57-61.

[20] B. Liu et al., Plant leaf chlorophyll content retrieval based on a field imaging spectroscopy system, Sensors. 14 (2014) 19910-19925.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/s141019910

[21] H. Sevik et al., Change to amount of chlorophyll on leaves depend on insolation in some landscape plants, International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 3(3) (2012) 1057-1064.

[22] Y. Li et al., Factors influencing leaf chlorophyll content in natural forest at the biome scale, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 6(64) (2018) 1-10.

[23] A. H. Arzai, B. S. Aliyu, The relationship between canopy width, height and trunk size in some tree species growing in the Savana zone of Nigeria, Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences. 3(1) (2010) 260-263.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/bajopas.v3i1.58808

[24] R. K. Sharaiha, N. A. Hadidi, Environmental impact on yield of pea and okra grown under intercropping, Seria Agronomie. 50 (2015) 313-323.

[25] S. A. Qasim et al., Effect of pea intercropping on biological efficiencies and economics of some non - legume winter vegetables, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 50(3) (2013) 399-406.

[26] S. A. John, C. Mini, Biological efficiency of intercropping in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Monech), Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 43(1-2) (2005) 33-36.

[27] H. A. Akintoye, A.G. Adebayo, O. O. Aina, Growth and yield response of okra intercropped with live mulches, Asian Journal of Agricultural Research. 5(2) (2011) 146-153.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ajar.2011.146.153

[28] A. Singh et al., Reduce pests, enhance production: benefits of intercropping at high densities for okra farmers in Cameroon, Pest Management Science. 73 (2017) 2017-2027.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.4636

[29] F. O. Oroka et al., Biological efficiency of okra and Celosia intercrop as influenced by inter-row spacing, Journal of Agriculture and Food Environment. 3(2) (2016) 52-63.

[30] C. H. Onwuchekwa, C. Muoneke, Effect of intercropping and poultry manure rates on the growth and yield of maize and okra, International Journal of Advanced Research. 4(4) (2016) 28-36.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21474/ijar01/106

[31] K. Sivaraman, S.P. Palaniappan, Turmeric-maize and onion intercropping systems. I.yield and land use efficiency, Journal of Spices and Aromtic Crops. 3(1) (1994) 19-27.

[32] T.U. Esekhade et al., Potential of multiple cropping systems in young rubber plantation, Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 22(4) (2003) 79-94.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.