Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

JHPR > JHPR Volume 7 > Evaluation of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)...
< Back to Volume

Evaluation of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes for Drought Tolerance through Selection Indices

Full Text PDF


The current study was planned to identify drought tolerant bread wheat genotypes based on physiological and yield traits. In this context, a set of 12 genotypes (Sarsabz, NIA-Sundar, NIA-Amber, Sassui, Khirman, Marvi-2000, NIA-Sarang, Kiran-95, NIA-Sunheri, Bhittai, Bathoor-08 and Tatara) were evaluated under normal and water stress conditions. Mean squares from analysis of variance exhibited that genotypes, treatments and genotype x treatment interaction showed significant differences (P<0.05) for majority of the studied traits, indicating that there is significant variations are existed for physio-yield traits; therefore these genotypes may be preferred for further breeding programs in respect to drought stress. Regarding reduction percentage of genotypes under drought stress against normal water conditions, the minimum reduction was observed in Bathoor-08 for spike length and flag leaf area, Kiran-95 for grain yield plant, NIA-Sundar for seed index, Marvi-2000 for relative water content, Sarsabz for grains spike, whereas maximum but desirable reduction of stomatal dimension and density was displayed by Sarsabz and Tatara under water stress conditions, respectively. On the basis of drought tolerant indices, the genotypes Kiran-95, NIA-Sundar and Sarsabz showed lower values for tolerance index (TOL), trait stability index (TSI) and stress susceptibility (SSI), nevertheless it is believed that lower values of these indices show the less reduction in yield and its related traits due to water stress conditions hence can be tagged as tolerant genotypes for drought. Correlation results revealed that MP, SSI, TOL and TSI indices were correlated with grain yield under two conditions and they can be the appropriate indices for screening wheat genotypes.


Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research (Volume 7)
J. A. Khyber et al., "Evaluation of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes for Drought Tolerance through Selection Indices", Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research, Vol. 7, pp. 40-52, 2019
Online since:
August 2019

[1] Mardeh, A.S.S, A. Ahmadi, K. Poustini, V. Mohammadi, Evaluation of drought resistance indices under various environmental conditions, Field Crop Res. 98 (2006) 222–229.


[2] Bushuk, W, V.F. Rasper, Wheat production, properties and quality, Blackie Academic & Professional. Glasgow. UK. (1994) 239.

[3] Reynolds, M, S. Nagarajan, M.A. Razzaque, O.A.A. Ageeb, Heat tolerance, In: Application of Physiology in Wheat Breeding (Eds.): Reynolds, M.P, J.I. Ortiz- Monasterio and A. Mc. Nab. Mexico, D.F.: CIMMYT. 2001 (2014) 124-135.

[4] Comas, L.H, S.R. Becker, V.M.V. Cruz, P.F. Byrne, D.A. Dierig, Root traits contributing to plant productivity under drought, Front. Plant Sci. 4 (2013) 1-16.


[5] Castroluna, A, O.M. Ruiz, A.M. Quiroga, H.E. Pedranzani, Effects of salinity and drought stress on germination, biomass and growth in three varieties of Medicago sativa L, Adv. Agri. Res. 18 (2014) 39-50.

[6] Hlavinka, P, M. Trnkaa, D. Semeradova, M. Dubrovsky, Z. Zaluda, M. Mozny, Effect of drought on yield variability of key crops in Czech Republic, Agric. Forest Met. 149 (2009) 431-442.


[7] Zamurrad, M, M. Tariq, F.H. Shah, A. Subhani, M. Ijaz, M.S. Iqbal, M. Koukab, Performance based evaluation of groundnut genotypes under medium rainfall conditions of Chakwal, J. Agri. Food Appl. Sci. 1(2013) 9-12.

[8] World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food Security Cluster Published on 31 Aug (2016).

[9] Gupta, P.K, H.S. Balyan, V. Gahlaut, P. Kulwal, Phenotyping, genetic dissection, and breeding for drought and heat tolerance in common wheat: status and prospects, Plant Breed. Rev. 36 (2012) 85-168.


[10] Clarke, N.D, M. Kvaal, E. Seeberg, Cloning of Escherichia coli genes encoding 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylases I and II, Mol. Gen. Genet. 197 (1984) 368-372.


[11] Huang, Approximate nonlinear output regulation based on the universal approximation theorem, Int. J. Robust Nonlinear Con. 10(5) (2000) 439–456.


[12] McCaig, T, J.M. Clarke,Excised-leaf water retention capability as an indicator of drought resistance of Triticum genotypes,Canadian J. Plant Sci.62(3) (1982) 571-578.


[13] Clarke, D, A. Bridle, H.Alan, B. Jack, O. Perley, A.Richard, A. Michael,Origin of the structures and polarization in the classical double 3C 219, Astrophysical J. 385 (1992) 173-187.


[14] Fischer, R, R. Maurer, Drought Resistance in Spring Wheat Cultivars. I. Grain Yield Responses, Australian J. Agri. Res. 29 (1978) 897-912.


[15] Chakherchaman, S.A, H. Mostafaei, L. Imanparast, Evaluation of drought tolerance in lentil advanced genotypes in Ardabil region, Iran. J. Food Agri Envir. 7 (2009) 283–288.

[16] Fernandez, G.C.J., Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Adaptation of Vegetables and other Food Crops in Temperature and Water Stress. 13-16 (1992) 257-270.

[17] Gavuzzi, P., F. Rizza, M. Palumbo, R.G. Compaline, G.L. Ricciardi and B. Borghi, Evaluation of field and laboratory predication of drought and heat tolerance in winter cereals, Can, J. Plant. Sci., 77 (1997) 523-531.


[18] Gomez, K.A, A. A. Gomez, Statistics for Agricultural Research (2nd ed.), John Willey and Sons, New York. (1984).

[19] Rosielle, A.A, J. Hamblin, Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and nonstress environments, Crop Sci. 21 (1981) 943-946.


[20] Bouslama, M, W.T. Schapaugh, Stress tolerance in soybean. Part 1: Evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance, Crop Sci. 24 (1984) 933-937.


[21] Jatoi, W.A, M.J Baloch, M.B Kumbhar, M.I Keerio, Heritability and correlation studies of morpho-physiological traits for drought tolerance in spring wheat, Pak. J. Agri. Vet. Sci, 28(2) (2012) 100-114.

[22] Munjal, R, S.S. Dhanda, Assessment of drought resistance in Indian wheat cultivars for morpho-physiological traits, J. Crop Breed. Genet. 2(1) (2016) 74-81.

[23] Siddique, M.R.B, A. Hamid, M.S. Islam, Drought stress effects on water relations of wheat, Bot. Bull. Acad. Sinica. 41 (2000) 35-39.

[24] Aydin, G, J. David, A. Inal,S. Coban,Influence of silicon on sunflower cultivars under drought stress, I: Growth, antioxidant mechanisms, and lipid peroxidation, J. Com. Soil Sci. Plant Ana.39 (13-14) (2008) 1885-1903.


[25] Nastaran, M, R. Fotovat,J. Saba,F. Jabbari,Variation of stomata dimensions and densities in tolerant and susceptible wheat cultivars under drought stress,J. Food Agri. Envir. 7(1) (2009) 215-219.

[26] Wang, S.G, S.S. Jia D.C. Sun,H. Fan X.P. Chang, R.L. Jing,Mapping QTLs for stomatal density and size under drought stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), J. Integrative Agri. 15(9) (2016) 1955-1967.


[27] Amanullah.,Specific leaf area and specific leaf weight in small grain crops wheat, rye, barley, and oats differ at various growth stages and NPK source, J. Plant Nut, 8(11) (2015)1694-1708.


[28] Gadimov, A. G, R. Shahryari, A. G. Garayeva, A perspective on humic substances as natural technological products with miraculous biological effect on crops, Tran. Inst. Micro. Azerbaijan Nat. Acad. Sci. 7 (2009)118-126.

[29] Garcia de Moral, L.F, Y. Rharrabti, S. Elhani, V. Martos, C. Royo,Yield formation in Mediterranean durum wheat under two contrasting water regimes based on path-coefficient analysis, Euphytica, 146 (2005) 203-212.


[30] Praba, M.L, J.E. Caims, R.C. Babu, H.R. Lafitte, Identification of physiological traits underline cultivar differences in drought tolerance in rice and wheat, J. Agron. Crop sci. 195 (2009) 30-46.


[31] Sial, M.A, K.A. Laghari, N.A. Panhwar, M.A. Arain, G.M. Baloch, Genetic improvement of drought tolerance in semi-dwarf wheat, Sci. Tech. and Dev. 31 (4) (2012) 335-340.

[32] Bauder, J., Irrigating with Limited Water Supplies. Montana State University Communications Services. Montana Hall. Bozeman, MT 59717 USA (2012).

[33] Talebi, R, F. Fayaz, A.M. Naji, Effective selection criteria for assessing drought stress tolerance, Gene. Appl. Plant Physio. 35 (2009) 64-74.

[34] Akram, M., Growth and yield components of wheat under water stress of different growth stages, Bangladesh J. Agri. Res. 36 (2011) 455-468.


[35] Kobota, T.J, A. Palta, N.C. Turner, Rate of development of post anthesis water deficits and grain filling of spring wheat, Crop Sci, 32 (1992) 1238-1242.


[36] Brisson N,M.L. Casals, Leaf dynamics and crop water status throughout the growing cycle of durum wheat crops grown in two contrasted water budget conditions, Agron. Sustain. Dev. 25 (2005) 151–158.


[37] Mitra, J, Genetics and genetic improvement of drought resistance in crop plants, Current Sci. 80 (2001) 758-762.

[38] Hall, A.E, Is dehydration tolerance relevant to genotypic differences in leaf senescence and crop adaptation to dry environments? In: Plant Responses to cellular dehydration during environmental stress, (Eds.): T.J. Close and E.A. Bray.(1993) pp.1-10.

[39] Blum, A, Plant Breeding for Stress environments, CRC Press Florida, (1988) p.212.

[40] Mevlut, A, C. Sait, Evaluation of drought tolerance indices for selection of Turkish oat (Avena sativa L.) land races under various environmental conditions, Zemdirbyste Agro. 98 (2) (2011) 157-166.

[41] Mohammadi, M, R. Karimizadeh, M. Abdipour, Evaluation of drought tolerance in bread wheat genotypes under dryland and supplemental irrigation conditions, Australian J. Crop Sci. 5(4) (2011) 487-493.

[42] Golabadi, M, A. Arzani, Mirmohammadi, S.A.M. Meibody, Assessment of drought tolerance in segregating in segregating Populations in durum wheat, African J. Agri. Res. 5 (2006) 162-171.

[43] Khakwani, A.A, M.D. Dennett, M. Munir, Drought tolerance screening of wheat varieties by inducing water stress conditions, Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. 33 (2011) 135-142.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.