Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

JHPR > Volume 7 > Schinus molle Leaves Compost Improves the Growth,...
< Back to Volume

Schinus molle Leaves Compost Improves the Growth, Quality and Productivity of Strawberry (Fragaria × Ananassa Duch) in Potting Culture

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

Schinus molle leaves, compost (SLC) incorporated with soil at different volume rates contrasted with control (soil alone), intending to improve and stimulating strawberry growth. Anecdotal accounts of SLC for these purposes the experiment has examined the impacts of SLC on strawberry growth and production responses. This research assessed the impacts of a six volume% (v: v) rates of SLC combined with soil at 0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 of growing medium (field soil). The pots RCBD experiment included four replicates designed at the faculty of agriculture, Sana’a University. Plants cultivated in 20% SLC was significantly (p<0.05) greater than control (field soil) in leaf area, yield, fruit weight and crown DM% by about 12.8% 25.8%, 20.4% and 101.6% subsequently. Meanwhile, transplants grown in 80 and 100% SLC developed the highest quantity of crowns and longer of peduncle. Transplants grown in 60% SLC was the poorest of flower number per plant measured with other treatments. Plants in 100% SLC showed the significantly downer of a DM% in the roots and crown parts 65.3% and 82.7% lower than control, respectively, nevertheless, composed the significantly greater 50.4% of fruit TSS than the control treatment. The variation between the SLC rates on the root characters showed that the 100% SLC increased the roots network volume cm3, root length cm2 root surface area cm2, specific root length cm. This study illustrates the benefit of that application SLC.

Info:

Periodical:
Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research (Volume 7)
Pages:
26-39
Citation:
I. Al-Madhagi and H. Al-Sharagi, "Schinus molle Leaves Compost Improves the Growth, Quality and Productivity of Strawberry (Fragaria × Ananassa Duch) in Potting Culture", Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research, Vol. 7, pp. 26-39, 2019
Online since:
August 2019
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] Ajay, N., Mathieu, N. &John, B. (2011). Alfalfa-based Organic Amendment in Peat-compost Growing Medium for Organic Tomato Transplant Production. Hortsciense 46(2): 253-259.DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.46.2.253.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/hortsci.46.2.253

[2] Al-madhagi, I., Abdulbaset, Haidar (2012).Influence of Photoperiod and Exogenous Hormone on Growth and Development of Strawberry (Fragaria X Ananassa Duch.) Vol. Ph.Dkuala Terengganu University Malaysia Terengganu - Faculty of Agrotechnology and Food Science.

[3] Al-madhagi, I., Abdulbaset, Haidar., Hasan, S., M.Zain ., Aziz , A. &Wan, A., Yusoff. ( 2011). The Interaction Effect of Photoperiod and Exogenous Hormone on the Dry Matter of Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch). . Agricultural Journal 6(6): 340-346.

[4] Al-Madhagi, I. A. H., Hasan, S. M. Z., Ahmad, A. &Yusoff, W. A. (2014). The Starch Status ‎During Growth and Development of Strawberry Plant Under Tropical Climatic ‎Condition Acta Hort. (Ishs) 1024: 115-120‎.

[5] Balci, G., Demirsoy, H. &Demirsoy, L. (2014). Effects of Different Organic Wastes on Mineral Element Contain in Organic Strawberry Cultivation CVS Redline Hope and Fern. . Tarım Bilimleri Araştırma Dergisi 7 (2): 46-52.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1065657x.2015.1106992

[6] Carroll, J., Pritts, M. P. &Heidenreich, C. (2016 ).Production Guide for Organic Strawberries. Ithaca,NY: New York State Integrated Pest Management Program.

[7] Cong, T., B., J., Ristaino &Shuijin Hu (2006). Soil microbial biomass and activity in organic tomato farming systems: Effects of organic inputs and straw mulching. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 247-255.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.05.002.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.05.002

[8] Doncean, A., Șumălan, R. &Șumălan, R. (2013). Influence of different types of composts on growth and chlorophyll content from tomato seedlings JOURNAL of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology 17(4): 43- 48.

[9] El-Sebaaly, Z., Kfoury, L., Nabhan, G., Shaban, N. &Sassine, Y. N. (2017). Use of local composted winery waste for lettuce production in Lebanon. AGROFOR International Journal 2(3): 99-107.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7251/agreng1703099s

[10] Enz, M. &Dachler, C. (1997). Compendium of growth stage identification keys for mono- and dicotyledonous plants – Extended BBCH scale. 2nd Edition. ISBN 3-9520749-3-4.

[11] FAO (2017).United national food and agricultural statistical data-base. Vol. (2019).

[12] Hancock, J. F. (1999).Strawberries. New York,USA: CAB International Publishing.

[13] Hargreaves, J. C., Adl, A. S. &Warman, P. R. (2009). The effects of municipal solid waste compost and compost tea on mineral element uptake and fruit quality of strawberries. Compost Science and Utilization 17(2): 85-94.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1065657x.2009.10702406

[14] Lloyd, M., Kluepfel, D. &Gordon, T. (2016). Evaluation of four commercial composts on strawberry plant productivity and soil characteristics in California. International Journal of Fruit Science 16(Suppl. 1): 84-107.

[15] Nguyen Van, T. &Wang, C. (2015). Use of spent mushroom substrate and manure compost for honeydew melon seedlings. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 34(2): 417-424.10.1007/s00344-015-9478-9.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-015-9478-9

[16] Öztekin, G. B., Ekinci, K., Tüzel, Y. &Merken, O. (2017). Effects of composts obtained from two different composting methods on organic tomato seedling production. Acta Horticulturae (No.1164): 209-215.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.2017.1164.27

[17] Recamales, Á. F., Medina, J. L. &Hernanz, D. (2007). Physicochemical characteristics and mineral content of strawberries grown in soil and soilless system. Journal of Food Quality 30(5): 837-853.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4557.2007.00154.x.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4557.2007.00154.x

[18] Rynk, R. (1992). On-farm Compositing Handbook. Ithaca, New York, USA: Publication No. NRAES-54. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service, Cornell Cooperative Extension.

[19] Tripathi, V. K., Sanjeev, K. &Gupta, A. K. (2015). Influence of Azotobacter and vermicompost on growth, flowering, yield and quality of strawberry cv. Chandler. Indian Journal of Horticulture 72(2): 201-205.

[20] Tüzel, Y., Varol, N., Öztekİn, G. B., Ekİncİ, K. &Merken, O. (2017). Effects of composts obtained from olive oil production wastes on organic tomato seedling production. Acta Horticulturae (No.1164): 217-224.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.2017.1164.28

[21] Vestberg, M., Kukkonen, S., Kuru, H., Saari, K. &Hurme, T. (2008). Effect of cropping system and peat amendment on strawberry growth and yield. Agricultural and Food Science 17(1): 88-101.DOI : 10.2137/145960608784182290.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2137/145960608784182290

[22] Wang, S. Y. &Millner, P. (2009). Effect of different cultural systems on antioxidant capacity, phenolic content, and fruit quality of strawberries (Fragaria × aranassa Duch.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57(20): 9651-9657.

[23] Warman, P. R. &Shanmugam, S. G. (2008).Effect of Organic Amendments on Half-High bush Blueberry Production and Soil Fertility. In International Meeting on Soil Fertility Land Management and Agroclimatology, 569-579 Turkey.

[24] Wood, C. W., Reeves, D. W. &Himelrick, D. G. (1993). Relationships between chlorophyll meter readings and leaf chlorophyll concentration, N status and crop yield: A review Proc. Agron. Soc. N. Z. 23: 1-9.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.