This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
 Khoshroo SMR (2011) Seed storage protein electrophoretic profiles in some Iranian date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars. African Journal of Biotechnology 10:17793-17804.DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/ajb11.2726
 Baliga MS, Baliga BRV, Kandathil SM, Bhat HP, Vayalil PK (2011) A review of the chemistry and pharmacology of the date fruits (Phoenix dactylifera L.). Food Research International 44: 1812-1822.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2010.07.004
 Mohamed Ahmed MVO, Bouna ZEO, Mohamed Lemine FM, Djeh TKO, Mokhtar T, Mohamed Salem AO (2011) Use of multivariate analysis to assess phenotypic diversity of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae 127: 367-371.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.11.011
 Ghnaim HD, Al-Muhtaseb JA (2006) Effect of Pollen Source on Yield, Quality and Maturity of Mejhool, Date Palm. Jordan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2:8-15.
 Metwaly HAA, Abou-Rekab ZAM, Abd El-Baky A A, El-Bana AA (2009) Evaluation of some seeded date palm trees grown in Fayoum Governorate .B-chemical characteristics. 4 th Conference on Recent Technologies in Agriculture, 701-715.
 Swaed SY (2009) Superficial study of pollen grains of some agricultural varieties of date palm. Basra Journal of Research Date Palm 8:81-93.
 El-Kosary S (2009) Characteristics of four Barhee date strains as affected by pollen source and pollination time. J. of Hort. Sci. &Ornmental Plants 1:79-91.
 Moustafa AA, Ibrahim ZA, Seif El- Yazel SA, El-Anwar MA (2010a) Evaluation and selection of some seedling Date palm Males Grown at Fayoum Governorate. Proc. 4th int. Date palm Conference Eds. A. Zaid and G.A. Alhadrami Acta Hort. 882.ISHS (2010).DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.2010.882.7
 Moustafa AA, Ibrahim ZA, Seif El-Yazal SA, El- Anwar MA (2010b) Evaluation of different selected seedling date palm males in pollination of SEEWY, Date palms grown In fayoum Governorate, Egypt .Date palm production and processing technology, pp.79-82.2010 Sultan Qaboos University.DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.2010.882.7
 Seif El-Yazal S A, Alharby H F, Seif El-Yazal M A, Hassan G M, Rady M M (2017) Molecular identification of some seedling of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) males trees. The Journal of Animal &Plant Sciences, 27:1287-1294.DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/1389203716666150330141159
 Jasim AM, Ibrahim AO, Abbas MF(1995) Certain physicochemical change during growth and maturity of Hillw, date. Basrah. J. Agric. Sci. 8: 2.
 Jasim AM, Yousef AY, Al-Jubouri S (2000) The use of neutron activation analysis technique for estimating protein and mineral elements in the pollen of different varieties of male palm. Basra Agricultural Science Journal 13:41-55.
 Abed MA (2005) Determine of carbohydrates, protein and phenolic compounds content in pollen grains of three of Palm Phoenix dactylifera. Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research 4:141-149.
 Abed MA, El-Tememy EH (2006) Determination of three elements in pollen grains of different date palm. Basra Journal of Agricultural Science 19:73-80.
 Abed AM, Abdul Wahid AH, Al-Tamimi EH (2007) Some trace elements concentration (trace) in three varieties of agricultural pollen of date palm. Basra Journal of Agricultural Science 20:7784.
 Abed AM, Abdul Wahid AH, Abbas MF (2008) Studing the content of three palm pollen grains varieties from cytokinins, calcium and boron content. Basra Journal of Agricultural Science 2:64-65.
 Abed MA, Hantosh AA, AL-Saad HT, Zadan MA, kames AS (2011) Seasonal variations of some biochemical aspects for five species of date palm (2-trace elements ).Basra Science Journal 37:50-66.
 Swaed SY, Aty ME (2011) Determine mineral content for four elements of pollen grains of two date palm cultivars. Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research10 :141-149.
 Hassan HMM (2011) Chemical composition and nutritional value of palm pollen Grains. Global Journal of Biotechnology & Biochemistry 6: 01-07.
 Abdel Rheem DA, Hassan HM, Ahmed SA, Elghandour AH (2015) Investigation and comparison of lipid content and nutritional composition of different organs of Brahea armata– S. Watson, Family Arecaceae, growing in Egypt. Journal of American Science 11:87-93. http://www.jofamericanscience.org.
 Al-Samarai AH, Al-Salihi FG, Al-Samarai RR (2016) Phytochemical constituents and nutrient evaluation of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera, L.) pollen grains. Tikrit Journal of Pure Science 21:56-62.
 Talaie A, Badmahmoud AT, Malakout MG (2001) The effect of foliar application of N, B and Zn on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of olive fruit. Iranian J. Agric. Sci. 32: 727-736.
 Wojcik P, Wojcik M (2003) Effect of boron fertilization on conference pear tree vigor, nutrition and fruit yield and storability. Plant and Soil 256: 413-421.
 Aly, H.S.H (2018).Evaluation of pollen grains germination, viability and chemical composition of some date palm males. Middle East J. Agric. Res., 7(2): 235-247.
 Stanley RG, Linskens HF (1974). Pollen biology, chemistry and management, Springerverlage, New York.
 Chapman HD, Pratt PF (1961) Methods of analysis of soil, plants and water. Univ. of California, Riverside, U. S. A. Division of Agricultural Science Berkeley CA.
 Zade MB, Salunke SD(2011) Total mineral content of rare fruits grown in latur district. Hi-Tech Research Analysis 1:6-10.
 Snedecor GW, Cochran WG (1980) Statistical methods. 7th Ed., Iowa State Univ. press, Ames, Iowa, USA.
 29. Mengel K, Kirkby EA (1982) Principles of plant narration,, 3rd Publisher, International Potash Institute, Worbalaufen- Bern /Switzerland, pp.593-655.
 Zafar M, Khan MA, Ahmad M (2010) Elemental analysis of some medicinal plants used in traditional medicine by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 19: 1987-1990.DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/jmpr10.081
 Lopez MA, Martos FC(2004) Iron availability: An updated review, International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 55: 597.
 Larsson SC, Orsini N, Wolk A (2012) Dietary magnesium intake and risk of stroke: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 95:362-366.DOI: https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.022376
 Ali H, Ahmed M, Baig M, (2007) Relationship of zinc concentrations in serum and seminal plasma with various semen parameters in infertile subjects. Pak. J. Med. Sci. 23:111-114.
 Bansal AK, Kaur ARJ (2009) Cooperative functions of manganese and thiol redox system against oxidative stress in human spermatozoa. J Hum Reprod Sci. 2: 76–80.DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0974-1208.57227
 Russell SEW (1989) Soil conditions and plant growth,, 11th Ed. Department of Soil Science, Univ. of Reading, Longman Group, UKLtd.
 Romheld W, Maschnur H (1961) USA Micronutrients in Agriculture. ,2nd Ed. SSSA No. 4. Soil Sci., Society of America, 297.
 Price CA, Clark HE, Funkhouser EA (1972) Function of micronutrients in plants. Soil Sci. Society of America, 231: 136-148.
 Ranieri A, Castagna A, Baldan B, Soldatini G F (2001) Iron deficiency differently affects peroxidase isoforms in sunflower. Journal of Experimental Botany 52:25-35.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/52.354.25
 Devendra T, Najda CL, Tak D (1999) Effect of growth regulators on growth and flower yield of tuberouse (Polianthes tuberosa L.) cv. single. Scientific Hort. 6: 147-150.
 Gardner FP, Prearce RB, Mitcheell RL (1985) Physiology of crop plants. The Iowa State Univ. Press., Ames., Iowa, U.S.A.
 Marschner H (1986) Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Academic Press Inc. (London) LTD, pp.279-287..
 Devlin RM, Withman FH (1985) Plant Physiology.4th Ed. CBS Publishers and Distriibution, 485, Jain Bhawan, Bhola Nath Nagar, Shahdara. Delhi-110 032 (India), p.443.
 Baza MS (1984) Effect of some macro and micro elements on growth and yields of maize. M.Sc. Thesis, Fac. Agric.of Moshtohr, Zagazig Univ., Egypt.
 Boardman NK (1975) Trace-elements in photosynthesis. In trace elements in Soil- Plant Animal System. Edited by Nicholas: 199-212 Academic Press. Inc., New York . San Francisco and London.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-518150-1.50018-5