Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

JHPR > Volume 7 > Onion Extract Application Effects on Flowering...
< Back to Volume

Onion Extract Application Effects on Flowering Behavior and Yield, and a few Chemical Constituents of Shoots throughout Dormancy Break in "Anna" Apple Trees

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

Metabolic changes in water content, total carbohydrates, total sugars, reducing sugars, anthocyanin, total free amino acids, proline and total indoles in shoots of "Anna" apple (Malus sylvestris, Mill) trees were investigated during dormancy and bud break under the effect of foliar application of four onion extract rates (5, 10, 15 and 20%). Flowering percentage and fruit yield characteristics (i.e., fruit-set, number of fruits tree-1 and fruit yield tree-1) were increased, while number of days recorded to reach full bloom were reduced with the application of both onion extract rates (15 or 20%). In addition, contents of total carbohydrates, total sugars, reducing sugars, anthocyanin, total free amino acids, proline and total indoles in shoots were significantly increased in floral buds, particularly during bud break. In contrast, the content of free phenols was reduced. The best results were obtained from the rate of onion extract at the level of 20% followed by 15% that could be recommended for early and high percentage of flowering and increased yield by regulating the metabolism of amino acids, including proline and indoles in apple floral buds.

Info:

Periodical:
Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research (Volume 7)
Pages:
1-15
Citation:
M.A. Seif El-Yazal et al., "Onion Extract Application Effects on Flowering Behavior and Yield, and a few Chemical Constituents of Shoots throughout Dormancy Break in "Anna" Apple Trees", Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research, Vol. 7, pp. 1-15, 2019
Online since:
August 2019
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] Arora R, Rowland LJ, Tanino K. Induction and Release of Bud Dormancy in Woody Perennials: a Science Comes of Age. Hort Sci. 2003;38:911-921.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/hortsci.38.5.911

[2] Kumar S, Paul A. Responses to Winter Dormancy, Temperature, and Plant Hormones Share Gene Networks. Funct Integr Genomics. 2011;11:659–664.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10142-011-0233-4

[3] Mc Pherson HG, Hall AJ, Stanley CJ. Seasonal and Regional Variation in Bud Break and Flowering of Kiwifruit Vines in New Zeland. J Crop Hortic Sci. 1994;22:263-276.

[4] Heide OM, Prestrud AK. Low Temperature, But Not Photoperiod Controls Growth Cessation and Dormancy Induction and Release in Apple and Pear. Tree Physiol. 2005;25:109-114.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/25.1.109

[5] Espinosa-Ruiz A, Saxena S, Schmidt J, Mellerowicz E, Miskolczi P, Bako L, Bhalerao RP. Differential Stage-Specific Regulation of Cyclin-Dependent Kinases During Cambial Dormancy in Hybrid Aspen. Plant J. 2004;38:603-615.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313x.2004.02070.x

[6] Bohlenius H, Huang T, Charonnel-Campaa L, Brunner AM, Jansson S, Srauss SH, Nilsson O. CO/FT Regulatory Module Controls Timing of Flowering and Seasonal Growth Cessation in Trees. Science. 2006;31:140-141.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1126038

[7] Seif El-Yazal MA, Rady MM. Changes in nitrogen and polyamines during breaking bud dormancy in Anna, apple trees with foliar application some compounds. Sci Hortic. 2012;136:75-80.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2012.01.001

[8] Leonel S, Tecchio MA, Gilli Cóser GM. Dormancy breaking of the fig tree with hydrogen cyanamide and garlic extract. British J Appl Sci Technol. 2015;10(1):1-10.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/bjast/2015/18194

[9] İmrak B, Küden AB, Küden A, Sarıer K, Çimen B. Chemical application affected dormancy breaking in Modi, apple cultivar under subtropical conditions. Acta Sci Pol Hort Cult. 2016;15(6):265-277.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.2001.565.14

[10] Mohamed AA, Gouda FE. Effect of dormex, fructose and methionine spraying on bud dormancy release of Superior, grapevines. Assiut J Agric Sci. 2017;48(2):75-87.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21608/ajas.2017.3909

[11] Seif El-Yazal MA, Rady MM. Exogenous Onion Extract Hastens Bud Break, Positively Alters Enzyme Activity, Hormone, Amino Acids and Phenol Contents, and Improves Fruit Quality in Anna, Apple Trees. Sci Hortic. 2014;169:154–160.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2014.02.016

[12] Seif El-Yazal MA, Rady MM, Seif El-Yazal SA. Metabolic Changes in Polyamines, Phenylethylamine, and Arginine During Bud Break in Apple Flower Buds Under Foliar-Applied Dormancy-Breaking. Intl J Empir Edu Res. 2018a ;1(2):1-18.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2012.01.001

[13] Seif El-Yazal MA, Rady MM, Seif El-Yazal SA. Foliar-Applied Mineral Oil Enhanced Hormones and Phenols Content and Hastened Breaking Bud Dormancy in Astrachan, Apple Trees. Intl J Empir Edu Res. 2018b;1(2):57-73.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2012.01.001

[14] Seif El-Yazal MA, Seif El-Yazal SA, Rady MM. Changes in Promoter and Inhibitor Substances during Dormancy Release in Apple Buds under Foliar-Applied Dormancy-Breaking Agents. Intl J Empir Edu Res. 2018c;1(4):1-20.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-013-9852-1

[15] Morsi ME, El-Yazal MA. Effect of Garlic and Onion Extract on Bud Break, Growth, Yield, Berry Quality and Some Chemical Constituents of Flam Seedless" and "Superior, Grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.). Egypt J. Hort. 2008a;35:1-28.

[16] Morsi ME, El-Yazal MA. Effect of Potassium Nitrate, Garlic and Onion Extracts on Bud Break, Growth, Yield and Some Chemical Constituents of Apple (Malus sylvestris, Mill) Trees. Fayoum J Agric Res Dev. 2008b;22:82-93.

[17] Rady MM, Seif El-Yazal MA. Response of Anna, apple dormant buds and carbohydrate metabolism during floral bud break to onion extract. Sci Hortic. 2013;155:78-84.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2013.02.025

[18] Abd El-Rzek E, Abd El-Migeed MM, Abdel-Hamid N. Effect of Spraying Garlic Extract and Olive Oil on Flowering Behavior, Yield and Fruit Quality of Canino, Apricot Trees. Amer-Eurasian J Agric Environ Sci. 2011;11:776-781.

[19] Abd El Moniem EA, Abd-Allah ASE. Effect of Green Alga Cells Extract as Foliar Spray on Vegetative Growth, Yield and Berries Quality of Superior Grapevines. Amer-Eurasian J Agric Environ Sci. 2008;4:427-433.

[20] Botelho RV, Pires EJP, Moura MFT, Terra MM, Tecchio MA. Garlic Extract Improves Budbreak of the Niagara, Grapevines on Sub-Tropical Regions. Ciencia Rural, Santa Maria. 2010;40:2282-2287.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s0103-84782010005000181

[21] Biasia LA, LIpski B, Silva ED, Oliveira OR, Sachi AT, Peressuti RA. Lime Sulphur Mineral Oil and Garlic Extract to Suppress Dormancy of Kiwi. Revista de Ciencias Agroveterinarias. 2010;9:58-65.

[22] Rady MM, Seif El-Yazal MA. Garlic Extract as a Novel Strategy to Hasten Dormancy Release in Buds of Anna, Apple Trees. S Afr J Bot. 2014;92:105–111.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2014.02.012

[23] Seif El-Yazal MA, Rady MM, Seif El-Yazal SA, Morsi ME. Changes in Metabolic Processes during Break Dormancy in Apple Buds under Foliar-Applied Garlic Extract. Intl J Empir Edu Res. 2018d;1(4):36-58.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2013.02.025

[24] Rao P, Pattabiraman TN. Reevaluation of The Phenol-sulfuric Acid Reaction for The Estimation of Hexoses and Pentoses. Anal Biochem. 1989;181:18-22.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(89)90387-4

[25] AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. 16th ed., Washington D.C., USA. (1995).

[26] Mancinelli AL. Photoregulation of Anthocyanin Synthesis. VIII. Effects of Light Pretreatments. Plant Physiol. 1984;75:447–453.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.75.2.447

[27] Jayarman J. Laboratory Manual in Biochemistry, Wiley Eastern Limited New York, 1981;pp.61-73.

[28] Chen L, Chen Q, Zhang Z, Wana X. A novel Colorimetric Determination of Free Amino Acids Content in Tea Infusions with 2,4-Dinitrofluorobenzene. J Food Composit Anal. 2009;22:137–141.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2008.08.007

[29] Ennajeh M, Vadel AM, Khemira H, Ben Mimoun M, Hellali R. Defense Mechanisms Against Water Deficit in Two Olive (Olea europaea L.) Cultivars Meski' and 'Chemlali,. J Hortic Sci Biotechnol. 2006;81:99–104.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2006.11512035

[30] Snellings SL, Takenaka NE, Kim-Hayes Y, Miller DW. Rapid Colorimetric Method to Detect Indole in Shrimp with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Confirmation. J Food Sci. 2003;68:1548-1553.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2003.tb09682.x

[31] Snell FD, Snell CT. Azo Compounds, Nitrogen-Containing Cycles, and So On In: Snell FD, Snell CT, authors. Colorimetric Methods of Analysis Including Photometric Methods. Princeton: D Van Nostrand Co Inc, 1967;pp.448-601.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0003-2670(01)80288-9

[32] Galicia L, Nurit E, Rosales A, Palacios-Rojas A. Laboratory Protocols: Maize Nutrition Quality and Plant Tissue Analysis Laboratory. Mexico, DF: CIMMYT. (2009).

[33] Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical Analysis Procedure of Agricultural Research. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1984;pp.25-30.

[34] Kubota N, Yamane Y, Toriu K, Kawazu K, Higuchi T, Nishimura S. Identification of Active Substances in Garlic Responsible for Breaking Bud Dormancy in Grapevines. J Japan Soc Hortic Sci. 1999;68(6):1111-1117.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2503/jjshs.68.1111

[35] Crozier A, Mc Donald MS, Black C. Quantitative Analysis of the Flavonoid Content of Commercial Tomatoes, Onions, Lettuce and Celery. J Agric Food Chem. 1997;45:590-595.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960339y

[36] Sellappan S, Akoh CC. Flavonoids and Antioxidant Capacity of Georgia- Grown Vidalia Onions. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:5338-5342.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020333a

[37] Xiao H, Parkin KL. Antioxidant Function of Selected Allium Thiosulfinates and S-alkyl-L- Cysteine Sulfoxides. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:2488-2493.

[38] El-Mansy HI, Walker DR. Seasonal Fluctuation in Elberta Peach Flower Bud During and After the Termination of Rest. J Amer Soc Hortic Sci. 1969;94:298.

[39] Kefeli V, Kutacek M. Phenolic Substances and Their Possible Role in Plant Growth Regulation. Plant Growth Regul. 1977;5:472.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-66589-9_20

[40] Pinto M, Lira V, Ugalde H, Perez F. Fisiologia de la Latencia de Las Yemas de vid: Hipótesis actuales. Santiago: Universidad de Chile. 2008; p.16. Available from:http://agronomia.uchile.cl/extension/serviciosyproductos/gie/publicaciones. Accessed: Dec 24, (2007).

[41] Lemar KM, Passa O, Aon MA, Cortassa S, Müller CT, Plummer S, O'Rourke B, Lloyd D. Allyl Alcohol and Garlic (Allium sativum) Extract Produces Oxidative in Candida albicans. Microbiology, Reading, 2005;151:3257-3265. Available from: <http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/151/10/ 3257>. Accessed: Dec 20, 2009.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1099/mic.0.28095-0

[42] Subha-drabandhu S. Induction of Bud Break in Apple Trees that Received Insufficient Chilling by Hydrogen Cyanamide. Acta Hortic. 1995;409:171-178.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.1995.409.21

[43] Skene KGM. A comparison of The Effects of Cycocell and Tipping on Fruit Set Vitis vinifera L. Aust J Bio Sci. 1969;22:1305–1311.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1071/bi9691305

[44] George AP, Nissen RJ, Lioyed J, Richens K. Factors Affecting Fruit Quality of Low Chill Stone Fruit in Subtropical Australia. Acta Hortic. 1990;279:559-564.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.1990.279.62

[45] Borkowska B. Releasing the Single Apple Buds from Dormancy Under the Influence of Low Temperature, BA and ABA. Fruit Sci Rep. 1980;7:174-183.

[46] Bachelard EP, Wightman F. Biochemical and Physiological Studies on Dormancy Release in Tree Buds. Can J Bot. 1973;51:2315-2326.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/b73-299

[47] Baz AGIO. Some Physiological Studies on Dormancy in Mit- Ghamr Peach Cultivar. Aseasonal Changes in Native Growth Materials Related to Bud Dormancy in Peach. Ann Agric Sci, Moshtohor, Egypt. 1984;21:465-479.

[48] Young E. Cytokinin and Soluble Carbohydrates Concentrations in Xylem Sap of Apple During Dormancy and Bud Break. J Amer Soc Hortic Sci. 1989;114:297-300.

[49] Gemma H. Dormancy Breaking in Japanese Pears Grown in A heated Greenhouse. Acta Hortic. 1995;395:57-67.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.1995.395.5

[50] Rennenberg H. Synthesis and Emission of Hydrogen sulfide by Higher Plants. In Biogenic Sulfur in the Environment , (E.S. Saltzman and W.J. Cooper, eds.), 1989;pp.44-57. ACS Symp. Series 3296, Washington, DC.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-1989-0393.ch004

[51] Kuroi I. Studies on The Promotion of Grape Vines by The Lime Nitrogen Treatment During The Rest Period. Memoirs Fac Agric, Niigata Univ. 1974;12:1-17.

[52] Sagi F, Garay AS. The Dependence of Auction Oxidase Activity on The Photoperiodically Conditioned Phenol Content of The Leaves and Their Age in Lupinus albus. Hortic Abs. 1961;31:3688.

[53] Wang SF, Clark CJ, Boldingh HL. Changes in The Activities of Catalase, Peroxidase and Polyphenol Oxidase in Apple Buds During Bud Break Induced by Thidiazurin. J Plant Growth Regul. 1991;10:3-39.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02279308
Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.