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Agro-Morphological Characterization of Sweet Potato Genotypes Grown in Different Ecological Zones in Kenya

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Abstract:

A main characteristic of sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] is its high phenotypic and genotypic variability. There is no, or limited, information on suitability of agro-morphological characteristics for utilization in production and processing. Currrently, farmers are growing different sweet potato genotypes characterized with low yield. The aim of the study was to evaluate agro-morphological characteristics of 68 sweet potato genotypes in order to determine the best performing ones. The sweet potato genotypes were grown at the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization and the Embu and Miyare Agriculture Training College. The locations were chosen because they are the main sweet potato producing areas with different climatic and production conditions. Six storage root and five aerial characters were used in the characterization. The genotypes differed in storage root stalk and root length; vine internode length and vine internode growth rate; petiole length and leaf size, and yield at both sites. Genotype Nyautenge was the best performing in terms of storage root yield. There was poor correlation among agro-morphological attributes. The study demonstrates the potential of some sweet potato genotypes such as Nyautenge for high productivity.

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Periodical:
Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research (Volume 5)
Pages:
1-12
Citation:
L.A. Ochieng, "Agro-Morphological Characterization of Sweet Potato Genotypes Grown in Different Ecological Zones in Kenya", Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research, Vol. 5, pp. 1-12, 2019
Online since:
January 2019
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