Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

JHPR > JHPR Volume 4 > Biorational Preservation of Rose (Rosa hybrida L.)...
< Back to Volume

Biorational Preservation of Rose (Rosa hybrida L.) Cut-Flower Using Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana B.) and Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) Extracts

Full Text PDF


Rose cut flower is one of the widely grown cut flowers in Kenya. However, most roses have a challenge of short vase life. This study aimed at determining the efficacy of plant extracts from thyme and stevia in preservation of rose cut-flowers. Two rose cut-flower cultivars; ‘radiance and ‘high & sparkling’ were subjected to stevia and thyme extracts each at three levels (0.2, 0.4, and 0.6gL-1). Thyme extracts at a concentration of 0.2 gL-1 significantly (p≤001) extended the vase life of rose cut flower by 3.5 days and floral absorption rates by 10.4% compared to the commercial preservative (chrysal) at the same concentration rates. Application of higher doses (0.4gL-1 and 0.6gL-1) of plant extracts led to shorter vase life (6 days) of rose cut flower and maximum bent neck records at day 8. The response of rose cut flower to the treatments did not vary between cultivars. The results from this study indicate that thyme extracts offer an attractive alternative to the use of chemical floral preservatives for prolonging the vase life and enhancing quality of rose cut flower. The efficacy of extracts is however depended on the concentration level with 0.2gL-1 dosage recording the best results.


Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research (Volume 4)
J. K. Kiige et al., "Biorational Preservation of Rose (Rosa hybrida L.) Cut-Flower Using Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana B.) and Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) Extracts", Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research, Vol. 4, pp. 1-10, 2018
Online since:
November 2018

[1] J.W. Damunupola, D.C. Joyce. When is a vase solution biocide not, or not only, antimicrobial?, Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science. 77(3) (2008) 211–228.


[2] C. Gardana, M. Scaglianti, P. Simonetti, Evaluation of steviol and its glycosides in Stevia rebaudiana leaves and commercial sweetener by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, Journal of chromatography. 1217 (2010).


[3] A. Shima et al., Effect of Pulse treatments and herbal medicine extracts as permanent treatments on postharvest quality of cut Gerbera flowers, Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 3 (2013) 259-262.

[4] E. Laleh, J. Mehrdad, R.G. Ahmad, Comparing medicinal plant extracts and pulsing treatments on rose cut flowers dolce vita,, Science Agriculture. 4 (2013) 1-4.

[5] M. Jafarpour et al., Improving postharvest vase-life and quality of cut gerbera flowers using natural and chemical preservatives, Journal of Central European Agriculture. 16 (2015) 2-7.


[6] M. Solgi et al., Essential oils and silver nanoparticles (SNP) as novel agents to extend vase-life of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii cv. Dune,) flowers, Postharvest Biol. Technol. 53(3) (2009) 155-158.


[7] M. Tajkarimi, S. Ibrahim, D. Cliver, Antimicrobial herb and spice compounds in food, Food Control. 21 (2010) 1199-1218.


[8] M. Valero, E. France´s, Synergistic bactericidal effect of carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde or thymol and refrigeration to inhibit Bacillus cereus in carrot broth, Food Microbiology. 23 (2006) 68-73.


[9] C. Benchaar et al., Effects of essential oils and their components on in vitro rumen microbial fermentation, Can. J. Anim. Sci. 923 (2007) 413-419.

[10] F. Mizutani et al., Effect of essential oils on ethylene production in citrus peel discs, Bulletin of the Experimental Farm College of Agriculture. Ehime University. 21 (2000) 1-10.

[11] M. Godarzi, Effects of water and alcoholic extract of thyme on Eshershia coli entrohemorajenic, Research Journal of Medicine of Lolerestan University. 8 (2006) 63-69.

[12] G.D. Capdeville et al., Pre-harvest calcium sulfate applications affect vase life and severity of gray mold in cut roses, Science Horticulture. 103 (2005) 329-338.


[13] D. Joyce, J. Faragher, Cut flowers, in: D. Rees, G. Farrell, J. Orchard (Eds.), Crop Post-Harvest: Science and Technology, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, (2012).

[14] J. Maree, B.E. van Wyk, Cut flower of the world, Timber Press, London, UK, (2010).

[15] F.G. Celikel, L.L. Dodge, M.S. Reid, Efficacy of 1-MCP (1-methycyclopropene) and promalin for extending the post-harvest life of oriental lilies (Liliumx monalosa and 'stargazer,), Scientia Horticulturae. 93 (2002) 149-155.


[16] E.L. Locke, Extending cut flower vase life by optimizing carbohydrate status: Pre-harvest conditions and preservative solution, PhD dissertation, North Carolina State University, North Carolina, (2010).

[17] S. Amini, M. Jafarpour, K. Asgari, Permanent treatments of extracts of thyme and stevia on postharvest quality of gerbera cut flowers, Aust. J. Basic & Appl. Sci. 8 (2014) 93-98.

[18] P. Samira et al., Study on the lifespan and quality of cut Lilium Santander through the use of thyme and peppermint essential oil, Annals of Biological Research. 4 (2013) 124-128.

[19] S. Ueyama, K. Ichimura, Effect of 2-hydroxy-3-ionene chloride polymer on the vase life of cut flowers, Postharvest Biology and Technology. 14 (1998) 65-70.


[20] L.J. Liao et al., Vase life of Eustoma grandiflorum as affected by aluminium sulfate, Botany Bulletin of Academic Science. 42 (2001) 35-38.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.