Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

JHPR > JHPR Volume 10 > Application of Taxonomic Classification in Soil...
< Back to Volume

Application of Taxonomic Classification in Soil Fertility Management Using Maize (Zea mays L.) as Test Crop in Alfisols of Makurdi, Benue State

Full Text PDF


The Alfisols of Makurdi Local Government Area of Benue State was studied with the aim to characterize and classify the soils and determine the optimum fertilizer rate for maize production on the selected soil type of the study area. The soils were formed on Makurdi sand stone, deep (141 cm) and well drained. They were coarse-textured and moderately acidic in reaction (pH 6.6 – 7.0). They had low organic carbon contents ranging from 3.36 to 3.78 % and high base saturation of 58.6 % to 77.4 %. Based on the physical and chemical characteristics, the soils were classified as Eutric Ochrustalfs/Eutric Luvisols. In terms of growth parameters; plant height and number of leaves were not significantly different while leaf area, leaf area index and the stem diameter were significantly different. The highest (130.60 cm, 12.30 and 79.88 mm) plant height, number of leaves and stem diameter were observed at the rate of NPK 150:75:75 kg/ha of fertilizer. In terms of yield parameters, ear weight and grain yield were not statistically significant whereas, ear length and ear diameter were statistically significant. However, NPK 60:30:30 kg/ha showed the highest (178 g) ear weight while application of NPK 150:75:75 kg/ha gave the highest (2.82 kg) grain yield. Since there was no significant difference between the fertilizer rates, it could be concluded that the minimum application rate (NPK 60:30:30 kg/ha) should be used in cultivating maize in Alfisols of Makurdi instead of the highest or the blanket recommendation which involved higher cost.


Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research (Volume 10)
J. Usman et al., "Application of Taxonomic Classification in Soil Fertility Management Using Maize (Zea mays L.) as Test Crop in Alfisols of Makurdi, Benue State", Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research, Vol. 10, pp. 15-22, 2020
Online since:
July 2020

[1] Akamigbo, F.O.R. (1984). The Accuracy of Field Texture in a Humid Tropical Environment. Soil Survey and Land Evaluation 493: 63-70.

[2] Burke, K., Dessauvagie, T.F.J. and Whiteman, A.J. (1970). Geological History of the Benue Valley and Adjacent Area. In African Geology (T.F.J. Dessauvagie and A.J. Whiteman, Eds). Univ. of Ibadan Press, Nigeria.

[3] Fanan, U., and Felix, K. (2014). Analysis of the Spatial Distribution of Health Facilities in Benue State, Nigeria, Public Health Research 2014, 4(5): 210-218.

[4] Day, P.R. (1965). Particle fraction and particle size analysis. In: C.A. Black (ed), Methods of Soil Analysis, Agron. 9. ASA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, Pp547-577.

[5] Hesse, R.P. (1971). A text book of soil chemical analysis. John Murray Publishers Ltd., London. Pp8-184.

[6] Kang, B.T. and Balasubramanian, V. (1990). Long-term fertilizer trials in Alfisols in West Africa. In Transactions of XIV International soil science study congress, Kyoto, Japan (vol. 4) Kyoto, Japan: ISSS. Kang, B.T. (1993). Changes inn Soil Chemical Properties and Crop Performance with Continuous Cropping on an Entisol in the Humid Tropics. In Mulongoy, K. and R. Merckx (eds) Soil Organic Matter and Sustainability of Tropical Agriculture: John Willey and Sons (UK), KU Lenven (Belgium) and IITA (Nigeria) pp.297-305.

[7] Landon, J.R. (1984). Booker Tropical Manual. A Handbook for Soil Survey and Agricultural Land Evaluation in the Tropics and Subtropics. Booker Agricultural International Ltd. UK.


[8] Loide, V. (2004). About the effect of the contents and ratios of soils available Ca, K and Mg in liming of acid soil. Agricultural Research Center, Teaduse 4/6. Agronomy Research 2 (1), 71-82.

[9] Madu A.J.C. and Ozibo B.N. (2017). Geology of parts of Gboko and Makurdi Local Government Areas, Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal Geology and mining 2(2): 064-070.

[10] Olaoye, G. and Adegbesen, N. O. (1991). Utilization and processing of maize. IITA Research Guide No. 35. Training Program, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) 29p.

[11] SAS, (1997). SAS Statistical Methods. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC., USA.

[12] Ufot, U. O. (2012). Soils and the Environment for Colleges and Universities. Shadow Pub. Ltd, Owerri, Nigeria. Pp1635.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.