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Alleviatory Effect of Compost Amendments of Crude Oil Impacted Soil on the Neutraceutical Composition of Cucurbita maxima Duch

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The effect crude oil pollution and amendment treatments using decomposed green manure (Calopogonium muconoides Desvaux and Aspilia africana (Person) C.D.Adams) on the growth and neutraceutical (minerals, proximate and vitamins A and C) of Cucurbita maxima were studied. Crude oil polluted soils were obtained by mixing thoroughly 10 kg of sandy-loam soil with 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 ml of crude oil, 0 ml served as control. The amendment treatment with green manure of C. muconoides and A. africana was carried out by adding the different levels of crude oil polluted soils (10 – 50 ml) with 4 kg of the compost manure. The experimental work was carried out in the green house using plastic buckets. Measurement of selected growth parameters such as percentage germination, vine length, leaf area, internode length, leaf number and petiole length was carried out after nine (9) weeks. The results indicated that crude oil pollution significantly (p=0.05) reduced the growth parameters of C. maxima. Mineral content, proximate composition and vitamin A and C contents of C. maxima also showed pronounced reduction with increase in crude oil concentration. The addition of amendment treatment with green manure of C. muconoides and A. africana to ameliorate the impeding condition in the crude oil polluted soil significantly (p=0.05) improved the growth parameters and neutraceutical composition of C. maxima when compared to the pollution treatment. This study revealed that crude oil pollution negatively affected the growth and neutraceutical composition and generally the productivity of C. maxima. From this study, it is evident that C. muconoides and A. africana enhanced the growth and quality of C. maxima. Therefore, C. muconoides and A. africana should be used for effective and efficient bioremediation practices.


Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research (Volume 1)
O. G. Okon et al., "Alleviatory Effect of Compost Amendments of Crude Oil Impacted Soil on the Neutraceutical Composition of Cucurbita maxima Duch", Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research, Vol. 1, pp. 35-45, 2018
Online since:
March 2018

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