Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

JHPR > JHPR Volume 1 > Alleviatory Effect of Compost Amendments of Crude...
< Back to Volume

Alleviatory Effect of Compost Amendments of Crude Oil Impacted Soil on the Neutraceutical Composition of Cucurbita maxima Duch

Full Text PDF


The effect crude oil pollution and amendment treatments using decomposed green manure (Calopogonium muconoides Desvaux and Aspilia africana (Person) C.D.Adams) on the growth and neutraceutical (minerals, proximate and vitamins A and C) of Cucurbita maxima were studied. Crude oil polluted soils were obtained by mixing thoroughly 10 kg of sandy-loam soil with 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 ml of crude oil, 0 ml served as control. The amendment treatment with green manure of C. muconoides and A. africana was carried out by adding the different levels of crude oil polluted soils (10 – 50 ml) with 4 kg of the compost manure. The experimental work was carried out in the green house using plastic buckets. Measurement of selected growth parameters such as percentage germination, vine length, leaf area, internode length, leaf number and petiole length was carried out after nine (9) weeks. The results indicated that crude oil pollution significantly (p=0.05) reduced the growth parameters of C. maxima. Mineral content, proximate composition and vitamin A and C contents of C. maxima also showed pronounced reduction with increase in crude oil concentration. The addition of amendment treatment with green manure of C. muconoides and A. africana to ameliorate the impeding condition in the crude oil polluted soil significantly (p=0.05) improved the growth parameters and neutraceutical composition of C. maxima when compared to the pollution treatment. This study revealed that crude oil pollution negatively affected the growth and neutraceutical composition and generally the productivity of C. maxima. From this study, it is evident that C. muconoides and A. africana enhanced the growth and quality of C. maxima. Therefore, C. muconoides and A. africana should be used for effective and efficient bioremediation practices.


Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research (Volume 1)
O. G. Okon et al., "Alleviatory Effect of Compost Amendments of Crude Oil Impacted Soil on the Neutraceutical Composition of Cucurbita maxima Duch", Journal of Horticulture and Plant Research, Vol. 1, pp. 35-45, 2018
Online since:
March 2018

[1] A. Amadi, A.A. Dickson, G.O. Maarie, Remediation of oil polluted soils, Air, Water and Soil Pollution. 66 (1992) 59-76.

[2] O.G. Okon, Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Cucurbita maxima Duch. and Telfairia occidentalis Hook. F. grown on crude oil polluted soil, American Journal of Agricultural Science. 4(4) (2017) 88-93.

[3] C.D. Odu, Crude oil contaminated land, Petroleum Training Institute, Warri, 1981, pp.143-153.

[4] P. C. Nwilo, O.T. Badejo, Impacts of oil spill along the Nigerian coast, in: 1st International Congress on Petroleum Contaminated Soils, Sediments and Water, Imperial College, London, 2001, p.45–48.

[5] J.M. Baker, The effect of oils on plants, Environmental Pollution. 1 (1970) 27-44.

[6] S.O. Adelana et al., Environmental pollution and remediation: challenges and management of oil spillage in the Nigerian coastal areas, American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. 2(6) (2011) 834-845.

[7] E.O. Ekundayo, T.O. Emede, D.J. Osayande, Effects of crude oil spillage on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) in soil of midwestern Nigeria, Plant Food for Human Nutrition. 56(4) (2001) 313 – 324.

[8] F.I. Achuba, The Effects of sublethal concentrations of crude oil on the growth and metabolism of cowpea (Vigna unguicalata) seedlings, The Environmentalist. 26(1) (2006) 17-20.

[9] R.Z. Hoff, Bioremediation: An overview of its development and use for oil spill cleanup, Marine Pollution Bulletin. 29 (1993) 476-481.

[10] H. Paerl, M. Piehler, J. Swistak, Coastal diesel fuel pollution effects on the native microbial community, Poster Presented at the Meeting of the American Society of Microbiology, New Orleans, May 19-23, (1996).

[11] G.J. Esenowo, N.S. Umoh, The effect of used engine oil pollution of soil on the growth and yield of Arachis hypogea L. and Zea mays L., Transactions of Nigerian Society of Biological Conservation. 5 (1996) 71-79.

[12] Z.I. Khan et al., Evaluation of variation of soil and forage minerals in pasture in a semiarid region of Pakistan, Pakistan Journal of Botany. 37 (2005) 921-931.

[13] Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC), Official Methods of Analysis. (17th Edn.) Arlington, Virginia: AOAC, 2003, pp.96-105.

[14] Z.I. Khan et al., Mineral status of soil and forages in South Western Punjab, Pakistan, Asian Journal of Animal Science. 19 (2006) 1139-1147.

[15] E.M. Aregheore, D. Hunter, Crude protein and mineral composition of Samoan ruminant forage, Journal of South Pacific Agriculture. 6(1) (1999) 35-39.

[16] Y.B. Adeola, C.O. Augusta, O.T. Adepoju, Proximate and mineral composition of whole and dehulled Nigerian sesame seed, African Journal of Food Science and Technology. 1(3) (2010) 071 - 075.

[17] B.S.R. Egbuonu, Evaluation of colorimetric determinations of vitamin A in food, Food Technology. 5(2) (2005) 22 - 27.

[18] I.A. Ekpo et al., Effect of crude oil polluted soil on germination and growth of soybean (Glycine max), Annals of Biological Research. 3 (6) (2012) 3049 – 3054.

[19] E.J. Udo, C.O. Oputa, Some studies on the effect of crude oil pollution of soil on plant growth, Journal of Biological and Applied Chemistry. 26-29 (1984) 3-14.

[20] V.J. Odjegba, J.O. Atebe, The effect of used engine oil on carbohydrate, mineral content and nitrate reductase activity of leafy vegetable (Amaranthus hybridus L.), Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management. 11(2) (2007) 67-71.

[21] P.O. Eremrena, I.A. Akonye, Growth and biochemical performance of Cassava-Manihot esculenta Crantz to crude oil polluted soil amended with Centrosema pubescens Benth and NPK, Journal of Applied Science Environmental Management. 17(2) (2013).

[22] R.C. Eneje, C. Nwagbara, E.G. Uwumarongie-Ilori, Amelioration of chemical properties of crude oil contaminated soil using compost from Calopogonium mucunoides and poultry manure, International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science. 2(6) (2012).

[23] O.M. Agbogidi, N.E. Edema, I. Agboje, Evaluation of African bread fruit (Treculia africana Decene) for bioremediation in soils impacted with crude oil, International Journal of Science and Nature. 2(3) (2011) 461–466.

[24] R.C. Ohiri, A.A. Uwakwe, E.N. Onyeike, Variations in nutritional potentials of some vegetables grown on crude-oil contaminated and remediated agricultural soil, European Chemical Bulletin. 2(7) (2013) 490-493.

[25] L.A. Nwaogu, G.O.C. Onyeze, Environmental impact of gas flaring on Ebocha-Egbema, Niger Delta, Nigeria, Nigerian Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 25(2) (2010) 25-30.

[26] H.C. Ogbuehi, I.O. Ezeibekwe, M.C. Ejiogu, Impact of spent engine oil pollution on the proximate composition and accumulation of heavy metals in groundnut (Arachis hypogea) grown in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria, Global Journal of Science. 3(12) (2011).

[27] H.C. Ogbuehi, I.O. Ezeibekwe, U. Agbakwuru, Assessment of crude oil pollution the proximate composition and macro element of cassava crop in Owerri, Imo State, International Science Research Journal. (2) (2010) 62-65.

[28] C.O. Ujowundu et al., Effect of gas flaring on the phytochemical and nutritional composition of Treculia africana and Vigna subterranean, British Biotechnology Journal. 3(3) (2013) 293-304.

[29] S.O. Omoikhoje, Assessment of the nutritive value of Bambara groundnut as influenced by cooking time, Livestock Research for Rural Development. 20(4) (2008) 2332.

[30] R.N. Nwaoguikpe, W. Braide, C.O. Ujowundu, Biochemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the seed extracts of avocado (Persea americana), Journal of Microbiological Antimicrobials. 3(7) (2011) 184-190.

[31] L.A. Nwaogu, C.O. Ujowundu, Effect of petroleum hydrocarbon pollution on the nutritional value of ripe guava (Psidium guajava) fruits grown in Imo State, Nigeria, International Journal of Biological and Chemical Science. 4(2) (2010) 450-455.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.