This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
 Anda, R.F., Felitti, V.J., and Bremner, J.D. et al. (2006). The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood. A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 256(3):174–186.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-005-0624-4
 Anda, R.F., Chapman, D.F., Dong, M., Dube, S.R., Edwards, V.and Felitti, V.J. (2005). The wide-ranging health consequences of adverse childhood experiences. Victimization of children and youth: Patterns of abuse, response strategies. New Jersey: Civic Research Institute, https://acestoohigh.com/research/, accessed 27 May (2016).
 Bacon, H. (2007). Learning from experience. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 12 (3), 369-373.
 Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentive perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 126.
 Braund, M. J., (2008) The structures of perception: An ecological perspective. Kritike, 2: 123–144.
 Brewer, H. (2012). List of gender stereotypes. Health Guidance. Retrieved on May 2014, from http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/15910/1/List-of-Gender-Stereotypes.html.
 Burke, W. W. (2013). Organization Change: Theory and Practice: Foundations for organizational science. Thousand Oaks; Sage Publications.
 Chiu, C. Y., Gelfand, M., Yamagishi, T., Shteynberg, G., & Wan, C. 2010). Intersubjective culture: The role of intersubjective perceptions in cross-cultural research. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5, 482–493.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691610375562
 Clandinin, D. J. (2013). Engaging in narrative inquiry. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press Inc.
 Collins, D. B. (2002). Performance-level evaluation methods in management development from 1986 – 2000. Human Resource Development Review, 1(1), 91-110.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1534484302011005
 Crane, T. (2009). Is perception a propositional attitude? The Philosophical Quarterly, 59 (236): 452-469.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9213.2008.608.x
 Crothers, L. M., Hughes, T. L., & Morine, K. A. (2008). Theory and cases in school-based consultation, New York, NY: Routledge.
 Daft, R. L., (2010). Organizational theory and design. 10th ed. Mason: Cengage Learning.
 Daudelin, M. (1996). Learning from experience through reflection. Organizational Dynamics, 24, Winter issue 3, 36-48.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0090-2616(96)90004-2
 Derrida, J. (2004). Living On. Deconstruction and Criticism. H. Bloom, P. D. Man, J. Derrida, G. Hartman, and J. H. Miller. London, New York, Continuum: 62-142.
 Ellis, S. & Davidi, I. (2005). After event reviews: Drawing lessons from successful and Failed experience. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 857-71.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.90.5.857
 Elmuti, D., Jai, H., & Davis, H.H. (2009). Challenges Women Face in Leadership Positions and Organizational Effectiveness: An Investigation. Journal of Leadership Education, Vol.8, (2).DOI: https://doi.org/10.12806/v8/i2/rf4
 Frederiksen, C. S. (2010). The relation between policies concerning corporate social responsibility (CSR) and philosophical moral theories—An empirical investigation. Journal of Business Ethics, 93 (3) 357- 371.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-009-0226-6
 Friedrich & Ansell-Pearson, Keith & Diethe, Carol. (2018). Nietzsche: On the Genealogy of Morality and Other Writings. 177-184. 10.1017/9781316562987.008.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316562987
 Friston, K. J., Daunizeau, J. & Kiebel, S. J. (2009) Reinforcement learning or active inference? PLoS (Public Library of Science) One 4(7): e6421.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006421
 Foucault, M. (1980). Two Lectures. Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings by Michel Foucault. C. Gordon. New York, Pantheon Books.
 Gibson, E. J. (1991). An odyssey in learning and perception. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
 Gibson, E. J. (1988a). Exploratory behavior in the development of perceiving, acting, and the acquiring of knowledge. Annual Review of Psychology, 39, 1-41.
 Gibson, E. J. (1977). How perception really develops: A view from outside the network Basic processes in reading: Perception and comprehension (pp.155-173) Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315467610-12
 Goleman, D. (2000). Leadership That Gets Results., Harvard Business Review p.78–90.
 Guglielmo, S., Monroe, A. E., & Malle, B. F. (2009). At the heart of morality lies folk psychology. Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy, 52, 449–466.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00201740903302600
 Hannum, K. M., Martineau, J. W., & Reinelt, C. (2007). eds. The Handbook of leadership Development Evaluation, San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
 Hartley, J., & Tranfield, D. (2011). Leadership Learning in Changing Times: Evaluating leadership development in the civil service. London: Sunningdale Institute of the National School of Government.
 Hayes, C. (2019, April 19). Trump supporter threatens to kill Democratic lawmakers over Rep. Omar's 9/11 comments, docs say. Retrieved April 21, 2019, from https://www.yahoo.com/news/trump-supporter-threatens-kill-democratic-201723763.html.
 Heifetz, R. A., & Laurie, D. L., (1997). The Work of Leadership., Harvard Business Review p.123–34.
 Herek, M, Gillis, G, & Cogan, J. (2009). Internalized Stigma Among Sexual Minority Adults: Insights From a Social Psychological Perspective. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56. 32-43. 10.1037/a0014672.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014672
 Hoffman, B., Mather, V., & Fortin, J. (2017, September 24). N.F.L.: Seahawks and Titans Skip National Anthem After Trump Comments. Retrieved September 26, 2017, from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/24/sports/nfl-trump-anthem-protests.html?mcubz=3.
 Jackson, D. (2011). Perception is Reality: Your Strengths Matter. Journal of Leadership Education, 10(1), 115-122.
 Keeney, R.L, & Raiffa, H. (1976). Decisions with multiple objectives: Preferences and value tradeoffs. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
 Jemison, V. (2018). A narrative inquiry of the perceptions leading to the under-representation of women's political leadership (Order No. 10749765). Available from Dissertations & Theses @ University of Phoenix. (2029241547).
 Kassam, K.S., Koslov, K., & Mendes, W.B. (2009). Decisions under stress: Stress profiles influence anchoring and adjustment. Psychological Science, 20 (11), 1394-1399.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02455.x
 Kets de Vries, M. & Korotov, K. (2007). Creating transformational executive education programmes. Academy of Management, Learning, and Education, 6 (3), 375-387.DOI: https://doi.org/10.5465/amle.2007.26361627
 Kirkpatrick, D. L., and Kirkpatrick, J. D. (2005) Transferring Learning to Behaviour, San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.
 Killen, M., Rutland, A., & Jampol, N. (2008). Social exclusion in childhood and adolescence. In K. H. Rubin, W. Bukowski, & B. Laursen (Eds.), Handbook of peer relationships, interactions, and groups (p.249 –266). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
 Leckman, J.F., Panter-Brick, C. and Salah, R. (eds) (2014) Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families. Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 15. In: J. Lupp (series ed.) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.DOI: https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.001.0001
 Lee, B. X., Donnelly, P.D., Cohen, L. et al. J Public Health Pol (2016) 37(Suppl 1): 1. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41271-016-0011-6.
 LeMay, N., Vollmer, N. & Ellis, A. (2007). Evaluating Leadership Development and Organizational Performance., In The Handbook of Leadership Development Evaluation, eds. Kelly M. Hannum, Jennifer W. Martineau, and Claire Reinelt. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, p.228–60. Jossey-Bass.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1098214008325024
 Little P., Everitt, H., Williamson, I., (2001). Observational study of effect of patient -centeredness and positive approach on outcomes of general practice consultations. British Medical Journal, 323: 408-411.
 Mumford, M. D., Friedrich, T. L., Caughron, J. J., & Byrne, C. L. (2007). Leader Cognition in Real-World Settings: How Do Leaders Think About Crises?, The Leadership Quarterly, 18 (6): 515-543.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2007.09.002
 Newstrom, J. W. (1995). Review of Evaluating training programs: The four levels of D. L. Kirkpatrick., Human Resource Development Quarterly, 6, 417–319.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.3920060310
 Northouse, P. G. (2010). Leadership: theory and practice. London: Sage.
 Ochsner, K.N. (2000). Are affective events richly recollected or simply familiar? The experience and process recognizing feelings past. Journal Experimental Psychology General, 129, 242-261.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-34184.108.40.206
 Phelps, E.A. (2006). Emotion and cognition: Insights from the study of the human amygdala. Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 27-53.
 Prevention Institute. (2011) UNITY Fact Sheet: Links between Violence and Chronic Illness. Oakland: Prevention Institute, http://www.preventioninstitute.org/component/jlibrary/ article/id-301/127.html, accessed 27 May (2016).
 Postmes, T., & Smith, L. G. E. (2009). Why do the privileged resort to oppression? A look at some intragroup factors. Journal of Social Issues, 65, 769-790.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.2009.01624.x
 Sharot, T., Delgado, M.R., & Phelps, E.A. (2004). How emotion enhances the feeling of remembering. Nature Neuroscience, 7, 1376-1380.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nn1353
 Schien, E. H. (2004). Organizational culture and leadership. 3rd ed. San Francisco.
 Schneider, M. C. & A. L. Bos (2014). The intersection of party and gender stereotypes In evaluating political candidates.
 Sonmez, F. (2019, April 14). Pelosi asks Capitol Police to step up security for Omar after Trump's 9/11 tweet. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/pelosi-asks-capitol-police-to-step-up-security-for-omar-after-trumps-911-tweet/2019/04/14/8edba93a-5ee5-11e9-bfad-36a7eb36cb60_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.56498e5d13b4.
 Talarico, J.M. & Rubin, D.C. (2003). Confidence, not consistency, characterizes flashbulb memories. Psychology Science, 14, 455-461.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9280.02453
 Tosey, P., Visser, M. & Saunders, M. N. K. (2012). The origins and conceptualizations of triple-loop, learning: a critical review. Management Learning, 43(3) 291-307.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1350507611426239
 Veltman, A. & Piper, M. (2014). Autonomy, Oppression, and Gender. Studies in Feminist Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
 Vogel, D. L., Wade, N., & Hackler, A. (2007). Perceived public stigma and the willingness to seek counseling: The mediating roles of self-stigma and attitudes towards counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 54, 40 –50.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0220.127.116.11
 Wang, Y., (2007). On the Cognitive Processes of Human Perception with Emotions, Motivations, and Attitudes. International Journal of Cognitive Informatics and Natural Intelligence, 1(4), 1-13.DOI: https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-60566-170-4.ch004
 Weigel, D. (2008) The Concept of Family: An Analysis of Laypeople's Views of Family Journal of Family Issues, 29:1426.
 Wright, D. (2017, September 24). Tom Brady calls Trump's comments divisive,, backs protests. Retrieved September 26, 2017, from http://www.cnn.com/2017/09/25/politics/tom-brady-nfl-protests-donald-trumpnational-anthem/index.html.
 Yamashiro, S. K. M. (2013). Exploring heterosexist bias and oppressive bullying in anti-bullying prevention programs (Order No. 1548175). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text. (1466652592). Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/ 1466652592?accountid=35812.
 Yukl, G. & Mahsud, R. (2010). Why flexible and adaptive leadership is essential. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 62(2), 81–93.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019835