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Bacillus anthracis - As Biological Weapons

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Terrorism is defined as use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to indulge fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, social or religious. Bioterrorism is terrorism by intentional release or dissemination of biological agents, mainly bacteria or viruses. Use of biological weapons is attractive from the terrorists’ point of view because of low production costs, major range and easiness of transmission. The first mention of the use of primitive biological weapons date back to the 6th century. Use of plague-infested corpses as offensive means in the 14th century caused a spread of bubonic plague through the whole Europe. The biggest development of biological weapons took place in the interwar period and in the cold war era. Biological weapon trails and research were conducted by super powers such as USSR, UK, USA and Japan. At the beginning of the 20th century a new form of bioterrorism occurred, which put humanity in the face of a terrifying threat.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 9)
P. Daniszewski, "Bacillus anthracis - As Biological Weapons", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 9, pp. 74-83, 2013
Online since:
September 2013

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[1] E. Jończyk-Matysiak, M. Kłak, B. Weber-Dąbrowska, J. Borysowski, A. Górski, "Possible Use of Bacteriophages Active againstBacillus anthracisand OtherB. cereusGroup Members in the Face of a Bioterrorism Threat", BioMed Research International, Vol. 2014, p. 1, 2014


[2] S. Jassim, R. Limoges, Bacteriophages: Practical Applications for Nature's Biocontrol, p. 193, 2017