Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > Volume 85 > Border Control and Using Analysis Tools due to the...
< Back to Volume

Border Control and Using Analysis Tools due to the Humanitarian Aspect of the Immigrant Crisis

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

The control of migrants in Europe has become increasingly challenging, marked by a number of illegal border-crossing. It revealed a crisis without equivalent since World War II. The European borders are now one of the most affected by migrants from Asia and Africa. Border police is the most responsible for the first interview with the asylum seeker. In terms of basic contribution to the asylum procedure, good cooperation between the border police and the services of asylum is of primary importance. There is a need of risk assessment. While the risk assessment is made there can be a violation of the humanitarian aspect of conducting regular border check. By determining the race and color of migrants, screening made on the border crossing can put legality of the border police actions in question. The Humanitarian efforts with border management, cooperation between the government services and use of appropriate methodology are an important segment handling migrant crisis. One of the known methodologies is Analysis of Competitive Hypotheses used to better assess the choice of a suitable place for migrants and their acceptance or readmission. Тhe procedure for vulnerable categories of citizens can jeopardize the legality and the manner of dealing with illegal migrants and this arises from the legal and physical protection of persons seeking asylum. The `politics of pity' changes into psychological cases to be governed by risk technologies within a `politics of risk', the humanitarian and security interventions are shown to be in no way mutually exclusive.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 85)
Pages:
1-13
Citation:
T. Chekovik and J. Achkoski, "Border Control and Using Analysis Tools due to the Humanitarian Aspect of the Immigrant Crisis", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 85, pp. 1-13, 2019
Online since:
January 2019
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] M. Schrover (Ed.), Illegal migration and gender in a global and historical perspective, Amsterdam University Press, 2008.

[2] M. Paspalanova, Undocumented vs. illegal migrant: Towards terminological coherence, Migraciones internacionales. 4(3) (2008) 79-90.

[3] IOM. 2011, Glossary on Migration, International Migration Law Series.

[4] Frontex.europa.eu. (2016). Frontex. Risk analysis. [Online]. Available: http://frontex.europa.eu/intelligence/risk-analysis/.

[5] International Organization for Migration, Migration and Border Management Assessments, International Organization for Migration. 9 Feb. 2015. Web. 25 Jan. 2018. Available: https://www.iom.int/migration-and-border-management-assessments.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18356/5dafc9af-en

[6] R. Paris, Human Security: Paradigm Shift or Hot Air?, International Security. 26(2) (2001). 87–102.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1162/016228801753191141

[7] N. Thomas, W.T. Tow, The utility of human security: sovereignty and humanitarian intervention, Security Dialogue. 33(2) (2002) 177-192.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0967010602033002006

[8] P. Pirolli et al., Evaluation of a computer support tool for analysis of competing hypotheses, Palo Alto, CA: Palo Alto Research Center (UIR Technical Report), 2004.

[9] M. Valtorta et al., Extending Heuer’s analysis of competing hypotheses method to support complex decision analysis, 2005. Available at http://www. cse. sc. edu/~ mgv/reports/IA-05. pdf.

[10] S. Pope, A. Josang, Analysis of competing hypotheses using subjective logic, Queensland Univ Brisbane (Australia), 2005.

[11] R.J. Heuer Jr, Psychology of Intelligence Analysis. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, Center for the Study of Intelligence, 1999.

[12] Security and Immigration: Toward a Critique of the Governmentality of Unease. 2002 Didier Bigo Vol 27, Issue 1_suppl, pp. 63 – 92. https://doi.org/10.1177/03043754020270S105

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/03043754020270s105

[13] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2013. Probabilistic Population Projections based on the World Population Projects: The 2012 Revision.

[14] W. Karioth, Detlef. Border Management Issues: Border Security and Humanitarian Aspects. 10 Dec. 2014. Web. 25 Jan. 2018.

[15] T. Hayter, Open borders: The case against immigration controls, London: Pluto Press, 2000.

[16] R. Cohen, The guiding principles on internal displacement: An innovation in international standard setting, Global Governance. 10(4) (2004) 459-480.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/19426720-01004006

[17] "Ministry of Foreign Affairs". www.mfa.gov.mk.". Retrieved 25 January, 2018.

[18] W. Walters, Mapping Schengenland: denaturalizing the border, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. 20(5) (2002) 561-580.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1068/d274t

[19] Guide on article 5 – Right to liberty and security. Council of Europe/European Court of Human Rights, 2014. Accessed January 26 2018. http://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Guide_Art_5_ENG.pdf.

[20] K. Nohl, H. Plötz, Establishing Security Best Practices in Access Control, 2009.

[21] C. Böck, „Ostbanden“ im „Sicherfühlland“ Der politischeDiskurs um Kriminalität „ausOsteuropa“, 2017. Institute for Advanced Studies (IHS). Available: http://irihs.ihs.ac.at/2192/1/rs105.pdf.

[22] N. Thomas, W.T. Tow, The utility of human security: sovereignty and humanitarian intervention, Security Dialogue. 33(2) (2002) 177-192.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0967010602033002006

[23] Support to participation of South-Eastern European countries in the stabilization and association process ("Closed programme").

[24] House, Freedom. Freedom in the world 2014: The annual survey of political rights and civil liberties. Rowman& Littlefield, 2014.

[25] N.P. De Genova, Migrant “illegality” and deportability in everyday life, Annual Review of Anthropology. 31(1) (2002) 419-447.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.anthro.31.040402.085432

[26] International Organization for Migration. "Integrated Border Management." International Organization for Migration. 9 Feb. 2015. Web. 25 Jan. 2018. https://www.iom.int/integrated-border-management

[27] Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Un.org. 6 Oct. 2015. Web. 25 Jan. 2018. Available: http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9783/9780812295474-007

[28] Council of Europe. European Court of Human Rights. 14 Feb. 2017. Web. 25 Jan. 2018. Available: http://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Convention_ENG.pdf.

[29] D. Phulwary, Refugee Rights Vis-A-Vis Security Of State: Striking A Balance.

[30] J. Garriaud-Maylam, Committee On The Civil Dimension Of Security, 2017. Available: www.nato-pa.int.

[31] Article 1, The 1951 Convention related to the status of refugees and its 1967 Protocol, published by UNHCR, September 2011, p.3 available at http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49da0e466.html

[32] Van Dijk et al., Theory and practice of the European Convention on Human Rights. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1998.

[33] Council Regulation (EC), No 343/2003, 18 February 2003.

[34] Law on Asylum and Temporary Protection, published in the Official Gazette No. 54 on 15 April 2013. Available: http://www.slvesnik.com.mk/Issues/3dff1ee8f23e4547ad198661fe794149.pdf. Accessed: 28.01.2018.

[35] O. Kosevaliska, B. Tusevska, A.N. Krstevska, Migration crisis: Macedonia on crossroads, 2015.

[36] Article 33 of the LATP. Available: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/16515/1/Migration%20crisis.%20Macedonia%20at%20crossroads.pdf.

[37] Article 3 from the Law on Foreigners, published in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia No. 35 on 25 March 2006.

[38] Criminal Procedure Code, published in the Official gazette No. 150 on 18 November 2010, entered into force on 01.12.2013.

[39] F. Shanty, Criminal Enterprises and Sources of Financing, Organized crime: from trafficking to terrorism, 2007, p. 169.

[40] C. Veigel et al., The ‘Gazi Baba’ Reception Centre for Foreigners in Macedonia: migrants caught at the crossroad between hypocrisy and complying with the rule of law, The International Journal of Human Rights. 21(2) (2017) 103-119.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2016.1257987

[41] Heuer Jr, Richards J., Psychology of Intelligence Analysis. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, Center for the Study of Intelligence, 1999.

[42] M. Valtorta et al., Extending Heuer’s analysis of competing hypotheses method to support complex decision analysis, in: Proceedings of the 2005 international conference on intelligence analysis (IA-05)(CDROM), 2005. Available: http://www. cse. sc. edu/~ mgv/reports/IA-05. pdf.

[43] W. Walters, Migration and security. The handbook of new security studies, 2010, pp. 217-228.

[44] S.P. Bradley, A.C. Hax, T.L. Magnanti, Applied mathematical programming, 1977.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.