Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > ILSHS Volume 75 > Analysis of the Urban Expansion for the Akure,...
< Back to Volume

Analysis of the Urban Expansion for the Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

Full Text PDF


- African cities are experiencing uncontrolled expansion. The focus of this paper is to evaluate the impact of urban expansion on landuse types of Akure for the period of 1972 to 2009 . In analyzing the u rban expansion of the cit y, 1972 MSS, 1986 Landsat Thematic TM and Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM + ) images for 2002 and 2009 satellite image captured from googleearth website were used in a post classification comparison analysis to map the spatial dynamics of landuse / land cover changes and identify the urban expansion of Akure. Questionnaire was also used to determine the factors responsible for the expansion of Akure. The findings showed a rapid expansion in the built-up are a of Akure from 1.00% in 1972 to 2.46% in 1986, 2.46% in1986 to 3.90% in 2002 with an annual growth rate of 10.63% and 3.66% due to increasing population of Akure within these periods respectively. Prediction made showed that the built-up of A kure would expand to 2.66 % in 2022 . Th e study recommends review of the outdated 1980 master plan and development control mechanism that will guide the rapid expansion that had been accompanied by loss of vegetation in Akure.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 75)
E. E. Eke et al., "Analysis of the Urban Expansion for the Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 75, pp. 41-55, 2017
Online since:
January 2017

[1] A.T. Adebayejo, O. Abolade, Analysis of spatial changes in Ogbomoso City, Journal of the NITP. 19(1) (2006) 35-47.

[2] A.L. Mabogunje, Health Challenges of Nigerian urbanization, a Nigeria Tribune, 15th January, 2007, p.42.

[3] G. Owusu, Social effect of poor sanitation and waste management on poor urban communities: a neighbourhood-specific study of Sabon Zongo, Accra, Journal of Urbanism. 3(2) (2010) 145-160.


[4] E.M. Brennan, Population, urbanization, environmental and security: a summary of the issues, Environmental Change and Security Project Reports. 5 (1999) 4-14.

[5] O.A. Olotu, Municipal solid waste management in Nigerian towns. A case study of Akure Metropolis, Unpublished B. Tech. Dissertation, Urban and Regional Planning Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria, (2005).

[6] National Population commission, Population of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, (1991).

[7] L. Merrill, Managing Cities as drivers of the economy, a case study of Asian cities, (2006).

[8] N. Musaogwu et al., A case study of using remote sensing data and GIS for land management. Catalca region. FIG XXII International Congress USA, Washington, D.C. U.S.A., April 19–26, (2002).

[9] B. Cohen, Urban growth in developing countries: a review of current trend and a caution regarding existing forecasts, World Development. 32(1) (2006) 23-51.


[10] United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (HABITAT), An urbanizing world: global report on human settlements, Oxford University Press for HABITAT, (2001).

[11] E.H. William, An introduction to urban geographical information systems, Oxford University Press. (1991).

[12] A.G. Onokerhoraye, G.E.D. Omuta, Urban Systems and planning. The Geography and Planning Series, Benin, University of Benin Nigeria, (1985).

[13] R.E. Elnazir, F. Xue-zhi, C. Zheng, Satellite remote sensing for urban growth assessment in Snaoxing City, Zhegiang Province, J. Zhegiang Univ. Sci. 5(9) (2004) 1095–1101.


[14] L. Sedigheh, Remote sensing for urban growth in Northern Iran, 22nd Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, 5-9 Nov. 2001, Singapore.

[15] M.S. Moeller, Remote sensing for monitoring of urban growth pattern, in: Proc. ISPRS joint conference: 3rd International Symposium Remote Sensing and Data Fusion Over Urban Areas and 5th International Symposium Remote Sensing of Urban Areas, Tempe, AZ, USA, 14–16 March (2005).

[16] K. Rao, Remote sensing for land use planning, International Journal of Remote Sensing. 16 (1995) 52-60.

[17] R.E. Ekpenyong, Analysis of findings from the Akwa Ibom State landuse/land cover change early warning system, Nigerian Journal of Geography and the Environment. 1 (2008) 68–76.

[18] U. Fanan, K. Dlama, O. Ifatimehin, Urban expansion and vegetal cover loss in and around Nigeria's Federal Capital City, Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment. 3(1) (2010) 1-10.

[19] E. Okoko, Quantitative Techniques in Urban Analysis, Akure Kraft Books Limited, (2000).

[20] W.L. Steffen et al., Global change and terrestrial ecosystem. The operational plan, IGBP report No 21, International geosphere-Biosphere Program, Stockholm, (1992).

[21] A.O. Atanlode, Urban Landuse change and its effect on Residential Landuse. A case study of Akure City, Unpublished B. Tech. Dissertation, Urban and Regional Planning Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria, (2001).

[22] National Population Commission, Population of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Analytical Report at the National Level, Abuja, Nigeria, (2006).

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] M. Alabi, "Sustainable Urban form and challenges of open space utilization, Akure, Nigeria as a case study", International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, p. 1, 2020


[2] S. Yu, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, X. Wang, S. Hu, "Urban expansion in the megacity since 1970s: a case study in Mumbai", Geocarto International, Vol. 36, p. 603, 2021