Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences
ILSHS Volume 66

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > ILSHS Volume 66 > Relative Deprivation, Identity Politics and the...
< Back to Volume

Relative Deprivation, Identity Politics and the Neo-Biafran Movement in Nigeria: Critical Issues of Nation-Building in a Postcolonial African State

Full Text PDF


This study examines the linkages between relative deprivation and identity politics in a postcolonial state. It further investigates the relationship among these variables and nation-building challenges in the postcolony. It is a case study of the Nigerian state in West Africa, which typically harbours the attributes of postcoloniality and indeed, large measures of relative deprivation in her sociopolitical and economic affairs. The study is also an interrogation of the neo-Biafran agitations in Nigeria. It has been attempted in the study to offer distinctive explanations over the problematique of nation-building in the postcolonial African state of Nigeria, using relative deprivation, identity politics and the neo-Biafran movement as variables. In framing the study’s theoretical trajectories and in historicizing the background of the research, ample resort has been made to a significant range of qualitative secondary sources. A particularly salient position of the study is that it will actually be difficult to locate on the planet, any group of people whose subsequent generations (in perpetuity) would wear defeat on the war front, as part of their essential identity. Hence, relative deprivation was found to be more fundamental than identity politics in the neo-Biafran agitations in Nigeria. However, the compelling issues were found to squarely border on nation-building complications in the postcolony.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 66)
R. C. Okeke, "Relative Deprivation, Identity Politics and the Neo-Biafran Movement in Nigeria: Critical Issues of Nation-Building in a Postcolonial African State", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 66, pp. 73-80, 2016
Online since:
February 2016

[1] Election Monitor (2015). 2015 General Elections Observation Report. Available at: https: /app. box. com/s/zy307h3uxmswaeo83mtuc7wqcd6conf2.

[2] Premium Times (2015b). Nigerian government reacts to Biafra, says protest completely legitimate,. http: /www. premiumtimesng. com/news/headlines/194638-nigerian-government-reacts-to-biafra-says-protest-completely-legitimate. html.

[3] Camara, S. (2015). Nigerians expelled from Senegal stadium for displaying Biafra flags. http: /www. premiumtimesng. com/news/top-news/194621-nigerians-expelled-from-senegal-stadium-for-displaying-biafra-flags. html.

[4] Ibrahim, J. (2015). Resolving the Igbo Question. http: /blogs. premiumtimesng. com/?p=169859.

[5] Fahey, T. (2010). Poverty and the two concepts of relative deprivation. UCD School of Applied Social Science Working Paper Series WP10/1.

[6] Stouffer, S.A., et al (1949a). The American Soldier: Adjustment during Army Life, Vol.I. Studies in Social Psychology in World War II. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

[7] Stouffer, S.A., et al (1949b). The American Soldier: Combat and Its Aftermath, Vol. II. Studies in Social Psychology in World War II. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

[8] Walker, I., & Pettigrew, T. F. (1984). Relative deprivation theory: An overview and conceptual critique. British Journal of Social Psychology, 23(4), 301-310.

[9] Kuo, A., & Margalit, Y. (2012). Measuring Individual Identity: Experimental Evidence. Comparative Politics, 44(4), 459-479.

[10] Odumegwu-Ojukwu, C. (2009). Address at the Professor Chinua Achebe International Colloquium on free and fair Elections in Nigeria at Providence, Rhode Island, 11th December.

[11] Lumun, A.N. (2012). Factors for Nation Building and Development in Nigeria. Journal of Social Science and Public Policy. 4(-): 54-59.

[12] Eme, O. I and Onyishi, T. O. (2014). Federalism and Nation Building in Nigeria. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review (Nigerian Chapter). 2(6): 1-14.

[13] Fagbemi, A, and Tsokar, K, Oliomogbe, H and Udeajah, G. (2015). Muslim leaders urge caution over pro-Biafra violence. http: /www. ngrguardiannews. com/2015/12/muslim-leaders-urge-caution-over-pro-biafra-violence.

[14] Premium Times (2015a). Buhari in Washington ahead of meeting with Obama. http: /www. premiumtimesng. com/news/top-news/186972-buhari-in-washington-ahead-of-meeting-with-obama. html.

[15] Mr. Okafor Mathew (informal communication), Unemployed Citizen, 52, July 21, (2015).

[16] Musawa, H. (2015). Legal Possibility of the Federal Republic of Biafra, By Hannatu Musawa http: /blogs. premiumtimesng. com/?p=169685.

[17] Ibeanu, O. (2015). Resolving the Igbo Non-Question: Pitfalls of Jibo's Single Strand Ethnic Narrative. http: /blogs. premiumtimesng. com/?p=169904.

[18] Ademoyo, A. (2015). Biafran Secessionist Call: A National Not an Igbo, Question. http: /blogs. premiumtimesng. com/?p=169910.

[19] Musawa, H. (2015). Solving the Biafra Agitation Problem. http: /saharareporters. com/2015/11/17/solving-biafra-agitation-problem-hannatu-musawa.

[20] Gurr, T. R. (1970). Why Men Rebel. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[21] Ojieh, C. (2015). Popular Diplomacy in an Autocracy–Public Opinion and Foreign Policy Decision-Making under the Military in Nigeria. Ufahamu: A Journal of African Studies, 38(2): 29-54.

[22] Ejoh, E. (2015). Nigeria earned $293bn royalty from oil and gas companies in 7 yrs—NEITI. http: /www. vanguardngr. com/2015/12/nigeria-earned-293bn-royalty-from-oil-and-gas-companies-in-7-yrs-neiti.

[23] Nwabughiogu, L. (2015). Over 100m Nigerians living below poverty line – Osinbajo. http: /www. vanguardngr. com/2015/08/over-1-million-nigerians-living-below-poverty-line-osinbajo.

[24] Adesina, D. (2015). One country, two failures. http: /www. ngrguardiannews. com/2015/12/one-country-two-failures.

[25] Premium Times . (2015). Arms Scandal: Jonathan's govt spent billions, abused trust – Buhari. http: /www. premiumtimesng. com/news/headlines/194920-arms-scandal-jonathans-govt-spent-billions-abused-trust-buhari. html.

[26] Ogala, E. (2015).

[27] Saleh, A. (2013). Relative Deprivation Theory, Nationalism, Ethnicity and Identity Conflicts. Geopolitics Quarterly, 8(4): 156-174.

[28] Simpson, B. (2014). The Biafran secession and the limits of self-determination. Journal of Genocide Research. 16 (2-3): 337–354.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.