With the beginning of the post-industrial epoch or knowledge society the problem of acquiring and mastering knowledge by future specialists stimulates great interest. It is explained by the fact that not only the role of knowledge but also the scheme of its mastering undergoes significant changes. Knowledge is considered to be the priority of the earth-dwellers of the XXI century along with the guarantor of the progressive development of states as well as their wealth.The problem is being solved through working out of an educational class where knowledge acquiring and mastering would become of vital importance for students, the professional growth of future specialists would be held due to their natural abilities or capabilities and the personal qualities would be formed. It is emphasized that such classes have a new structure. We call them studactive classes. They differ from the ones that are already known (lectures, practical classes, laboratory work, seminars and other types of classes) by the specific organization of the entire pedagogical activity of all class participants, by the way of acquiring knowledge and the type of managing students’ cognitive activity.The macrostructure of the studactive class is researched, that is defined on the basis of providing active individual wok of every student in the common process of acquisition and qualitative formation of competences that fosters natural communication of participants of studying, sharing the results of their work.The scientific content, didactic functions, stages of individual formation and common principles of studactive classes organization are grounded. It is determined that the essence of the methodical aspect of organization of the studactive class lies in mastering active forms and methods of work both by a teacher in order to organize and provide help for students in overcoming difficulties and eliminating mistakes, and by future specialists for their self-cognitive activity taking into account their personality and subject specificity.The organizational, educational and researching, social and psychological methods of stimulating future specialists, factors of providing efficiency of the studactive class are revealed. It is emphasized that the methods of mastering knowledge are based on the conscious independent acquiring new knowledge, forming a dynamic stereotype to self-improve and self-develop, drawing to a permanent active process to reveal knowledge. It is stated that different types of consultations for students with a low, medium and high level of preparation are used.With the help of the method of mathematical statistics it is proved that studactive classes favour the level improvement of mastering knowledge by students.
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 65)
V. Oleksenko "Innovative Trend of Acquiring and Mastering Knowledge by Students", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 65, pp. 88-95, 2015