Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences
Volume 65


Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > Volume 65 > Survey the Relation between Social Capital and...
< Back to Volume

Survey the Relation between Social Capital and Organizational Silence (Study about: The Employees of Governmental Organizations in Marivan)

Full Text PDF


This article aims to survey the relation of social capital of employees and their organizational silence in governmental organizations of Marivan in 1994. The statistics society of the research was consisted of all employees in governmental organizations of Marivan (600), that 377 persons was determined as statistics sample. The method of the research was descriptive with from the correlation style. The information (data) collector tool was two questionnaires of Nahapieta & Ghoshal (1998) and the Organizational Silence questionnaire of Pinder and Harlos model (2001). The validity of questionnaire was orderly measured 0/86 and 0/83. The gathered data was measured and analysed by using the statistic tests after Regression analysis. The results of Regression analysis illustrate that two dimensions of social capital are purely specifying (explaining) 58 percent of Organizational Silence variance, and the variable of organizational structure of employees is being studied with the most effective and determinative factor on Organizational Silence in society, this factor is reversely explaining the 63 percent of dependent variable changes; and the variable of relational capital of employees is the second effective factor on Organizational Silence in society which is being studied, this factor also explaining 19 percent of dependent variable changes.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 65)
P. Kafcheh and B. Lotfi, "Survey the Relation between Social Capital and Organizational Silence (Study about: The Employees of Governmental Organizations in Marivan)", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 65, pp. 32-39, 2015
Online since:
Dec 2015

[1] Alvani, Mehdi. Shirvani, Alireza (2003). Social capital, the guiding principle of development. Tadbir Monthly, number 47.

[2] Alvani, Mehdi et al (2007). Role of social capital in management developing of organizational knowledge. Journal of management sciences. 2(5): 35 - 70.

[3] Alvani, Syed Mehdi and Abdullapour, Mona (2008). Role of social capital in organizational entrepreneurship. Journal of management sciences. 27: 5 - 26.

[4] Portes, Alhander (2005). Social capital: its sources and usages in modern sociology. Translation by Afshin Khakbaz and Hasan Pouyan. Social capital, trust and democracy and development. Tehran: Shirazeh publication.

[5] Danaiefard, Hasan and Panahi, Belal (2010).

[6] Share'pour, Mahmud (2006). Social capital – conceptualization, assessment and reasons of policy-making. The management and planning organization of Mazandaran.

[7] Sydanlo, Marzieh (2002). Role of organizational citizenship behaviour on employees silence in governmental section. M.A. thesis, college (faculty) of management and accounting.

[8] Archibong, Chi, Anyansi (2004). Technology, Infrastructure and Entrepreneurship: Role of the Government in Building a sustainable Economy, School of Business and Economics North Carolian A & T State University.

[9] Avery, D. R. and Quinones, M. A. (2002). Disentangling the effects of voice: the incremental roles of opportunity, behavior, and instrumentality in predicting procedural fairness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 81–6.

DOI: 10.1037//0021-9010.87.1.81

[10] Bolino Mark and Turnley William (2003), Going the extra mile: cultivating and managing employee citizenship behavior, Academy of Management Executive, 17(3): 60 – 71.

DOI: 10.5465/ame.2003.10954754

[11] Leana, C. R. and Van Buren, H. J. (1999). Organizational social capital and employment practices, Academy of Management Review. 24: 538- 54.

DOI: 10.2307/259141

[12] Lock Lee, L. (2005) . Knowledge Management Tool and Techniques, Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann, (45): 123-130.

[13] Morrison, E. W. and Milliken, F. J. (2000). Organizational silence: a barrier to change and development in a pluralistic world. Academy of Management Review, 25, 706–25.

DOI: 10.5465/amr.2000.3707697

[14] Nahapiet, J. and Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage, Academy of Management Review. 23(2): 242 -266.

DOI: 10.5465/amr.1998.533225

[15] Pinder, C. C. and Harlos K. P. (2001). Employee silence: quiescence and acquiescence as responses to perceived injustice'. In Rowland, K. M. and Ferris, G. R. (Eds), Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, 20, 331–69.

DOI: 10.1016/s0742-7301(01)20007-3

[16] Vilanava & Josa (2003). Social capital as a Managerial Phenomenon, Department of Industrial Engineering & Management; Tampere University of Technology.

Show More Hide