This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
 Porter, M. (1990). The Competitive Advantage of Nations. Harvard Business Review.
 OECD. (2012). Innovation for Development. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
 European Economic Science Community. (2015). Bridging the gap between research and society. Retrieved from http: /www. eesc. europa. eu.
 International Finamcial Management Research (2015). Industry and Government. University of Cambridge.
 Bhatt, A. (2012). Government's role in shaping public perceptions about clinical research. Perspectives in Clinical Research.
 Government Procurement Office (2012). The Private Sector's Role in the Scientific Enterprise. Retrieved from gpo: http: /www. gpo. gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-CPRT-105hprt105-b/html/prsecrol. html.
 Cohen, W.M., R.R. Nelson and J.P. Walsh (2002), Links and impacts: the influence of public research on industrial R&D, Management Science, 48, 1-23.
 Brew, A. (2002). Enhancing the quality of learning through research-led. HERDSA, 1-11.
 Garnera, P. (1998). Implementing research findings in developing countries. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. Retrieved from http: /pages. uoregon. edu/rgp/PPPM613/class10theory. htm.
 Greenwood, W. F., Davydd J., and Morten L. (1993). Participatory Action Research as a Process and as a Goal. SAGE Open, vol. 46 no. 2 175-192.
 Israel, A. J. (1998). Review Of Community-Based Research: Assessing Partnership Approaches to Improve Public Health. Annual Review of Public Health, DOI: 10. 1146.
 Ibid 3.
 Lau, T. (2008). EDemocracy research requires all-inclusive approach, conference told. European Science Foundation.
 Leary, L. S. (2009 doi: 10. 1037/a0015250). Reactions to Discrimination, Stigmatization, Ostracism, and Other Forms of Interpersonal Rejection. US National Library of Medicine.
 Parker, B. (2003) Planning Analysis: The Theory of Citizen Participation.
 Nosko, A. & Széger, K. (2013) Active Citizenship Can Change Your Country for the Better, Open Society Foundation.
 Abhyankar, P. (2014) The Government of India's Role in Promoting Innovation through Policy Initiatives for Entrepreneurship Development, Technology, innovation and Management Review.
 Faulkner A and Morris B. (2003) Expert paper: User involvement in forensic mental health research and development. www. nfmhp. org. uk - see Expert Paper Series.
 Hanley B. (2005) Research as empowerment? Report of a series of seminars organised by the Toronto Group. Joseph Rowntree Foundation. www. jrf. org. uk.
 Elahee, K. (2009) Maurice Ile Durable Project Analysis and Synthesis Report, White Paper, University of Mauritius.