Freedom is a human value cherished in any human society. In criminal law, imprisonment as a penalty denies freedom. Custodial penalty is a sort of punishment believed to keep away criminals from human society and helps it move forward. What is the focus of criminological study today and law theorists tend to focus on, is the crimogenesis of this social reaction against criminals. It has undergone a considerable trend in any criminal law including in that of Iran, and answers any offence with imprisonment. The unreasonable increase has resulted countless insoluble problems, and the traditional punishment does not satisfy criminal law theorists, and despite the attempts made to modify it, the results are not promising, because prison has turned into a criminalizing school a part from the considerable expenses resulting from it; prison made resocialization difficult or postponed, rather than rehabilitate the accused. This has turned criminal system into an inefficient one.
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 64)
H. A. Taghavi and N. Rezaye, "Imprisonment Penalty and its Inefficacy in Female Rehabilitation", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 64, pp. 102-108, 2015