Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences
Volume 60

Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > Volume 60 > Effects of 8 Weeks Water Cure with Aquatic Devices...
< Back to Volume

Effects of 8 Weeks Water Cure with Aquatic Devices on Static Balance and Velocity of Gait among Elderly Men

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

Background: Aging is a stage of life that increases the risk of physical diseases, some of which are chronic and can affect different dimensions of life’s quality. Hydrotherapy is used to treat rheumatic, orthopedic and neurological disorders. It has been the subject of investigations regarding balance and gating recovery in elderly people. Objective: To evaluate the effect 8 weeks water cure program with aquatic devices on static balance and velocity of gait in elderly men.Methods: : Fifteen old men were chosen purposely by age mean and Std 58±6.5, length 167.12±7.35 cm, weight 75.64±7.64. . We used the Sharpened Romberg test (static balance with eyes open and close) and Timed Up & Go (for evaluating velocity of gait). we used a selected program in water with aquatic devices in 8 weeks. Water exercise session included of three parts warm up, main part of exercise, and cool down. we analyzed the achieved data by a correlated t-test at a meaningful level (p≤0.05).Results: Among the post-test and pre-test Romberg test ( p≤013) and the velocity of gait (p≤005) were recovered meaningfully after the program.Conclusions: The results showed that participating in an exercise in water program with aquatic devices on a regular basis can be considered as an effective and reliable method to increase balance, and it can promote quality and velocity of gait among these aged men.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 60)
Pages:
137-142
Citation:
Y. Khanjari and E.A. Ameri, "Effects of 8 Weeks Water Cure with Aquatic Devices on Static Balance and Velocity of Gait among Elderly Men", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 60, pp. 137-142, 2015
Online since:
September 2015
Export:
Distribution:
References:

Khanjari Y, et al(2015). The effect of a period of aquatic therapy exercise on the quality of life and depression in aged males suffering from chronic physical pains. International congress on behavioral sciences. 14 May 2015. Tehran. Iran.

Khanjari Y, Garooei R(2015).

Barnett A, Smith B, Lord SR, Williams M, Baumand A. (2003). Community-based group exercises improves balance and reduces falls in at-risk older people: a randomised controlled trial. Age Aging. 32: 407-14.

2. Booth CE. (2004). Water exercise and its effects on balance and gait to reduce the risk of falling in older adults. Activities, Adaptation Aging. 28(4): 45-57.

Caromano FA, Candeloro JM. ( 2007). Fundamentos da hidroterapia para idosos. . 5(2): 187 95.

Carter ND, Kannus P, Khan KM(2001). Exercise in the prevention of falls in older people: a systematic literature review examining the rationale and the evidence. Sports Med. 31(6): 42738.

Devereux K, Roberston D, Briffa NK. ( 2005). Effects of a water-based program on women 65 years and over: a randomized controlled trial. Aust J Physiother. 51(2): 102-8.

Douris P, Southard V, Varga C, Schauss W, Gennaro C, Reiss A. (2003). The effect of land and aquatic exercise on balance score in older adults. J Geriatr Phys Ther. 26(1): 3-6.

Fuller GF. ( 2000). Falls in the elderly. Am Family Fhysician. 61: 2159-68.

Geigle PR, Cheek WL, Gould ML, Hunt HC, Shafiq B. ( 1997). Aquatic physical therapy for balance: the interaction of somatosensory and hydrodynamic principles. The Journal of Aquatic Physical Therapy. 5(1): 4-10.

Gregg EW, Pereira MA, Caspersen CJ. (2000). Physical activity, falls, and fractures among older adults: A review of the epidemiologic evidence. J Am Geriatr Soc. 48: 883-93.

Hakkinen K, Kallinen M, Izquierdo M, Jokelainen K, Lassila H, Malkia E, et al. (1998). Changes in agonist-antagonist EMG, muscle CSA, and force during strength training in middle-aged and older people. J Appl Physiol. 84: 1341-9.

Hakkinen K, Kallinen M, Izquierdo M, Jokelainen K, Lassila H, Malkia E, et al. (1998). Changes in agonist-antagonist EMG, muscle CSA, and force during strength training in middle-aged and older people. J Appl Physiol. 84: 1341-9.

Komi PV. (1986). Training of muscle strength and power: interaction of neuromotoric, hypertrophic, and mechanical factors. Int J Sports Med. 7: 10-5.

Lord S, Mitchell D, Willians P. (1993). Effect of water exercise on balance and related factors in older people. Aust Physio. 39(3): 217-22.

Lord SR, Matters B, George RS. ( 2006). The effects of water exercise on physical functioning on older people. Aust J Ageing. 25(1): 36-41.

Miyamoto ST, Lombardi Junior I, Berg KO, Ramos LR, Natour J. ( 2004). Brazilian version of the Berg balance scale. Braz J Med Biol Res. 37: 1411-21.

Newton RA. ( 1995). Standing balance abilities of elderly subjects under altered visual and support surfaces. Phys Can.; 47: 25-9.

Paula K, Yim-Chiplis Laura AT. ( 2000). Defining and measuring balance in adults. Biol Res Nurs, 1: 321-331.

Resende SM, Rassi CM, Viana FP (2008). Effects of hydrotherapy in balance and prevention of falls among elderly women. Rev Bras Fisioter. 12(1): 57-63.

Rissel C. (1987). Water exercises for the frail elderly: a pilot programme. Aust J Physiother. 33(4): 226-32.

Salzman, AP. (1998). Evidence-based aquatic therapy for proprioceptive-training. The Aquatic Resources Network. Set H95-9.

Shumway-Cook A, Baldwin M, Polissar NL, Gruber W. (1997). Predicting the probability for falls in community-dwelling older adults. Phys Ther. 77(8): 812-9.

Simmons V, Hansen PD. (1996). Effectiveness of water exercise on postural mobility in the well elderly: an experimental study on balance enhancement. J Gerontol. 51A(5): M233-8.

Stevens JA, Olson S. ( 2000). Reducing falls and resulting hip fractures among older women. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 49: 1-12.

Show More Hide