Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences
Volume 58


Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > Volume 58 > Comparing the Self-Control and Behavioral Problems...
< Back to Volume

Comparing the Self-Control and Behavioral Problems of Girls in Employed and Unemployed Mothers

Full Text PDF


This research aims to compare styles of self-control and behavioral problems of girls in employed and unemployed mothers. In this research that was done using casual-comparison method (after events) 100 employed mothers and 100 unemployed ones of girls of elementary schools in district 4 of Tehran were selected as the sample based on cluster-random method. Self-control questionnaire (Allahverdipour et al., 2005) and children’s behavioral problem questionnaire (parental form, 1994) were used for information collection that was previously normalized in studies conducted in Iran and its validity has been confirmed. In this research, reliability of the questionnaire was assessed through Cronbach alpha and was confirmed with a high reliability of 0.80. The t-test was used to test the hypotheses. The results showed that the average of self-control in employed mothers is significantly more than that in unemployed mothers. Also, the results showed that there is a statistically significant difference between girls of employed and unemployed women in hyperactivity and aggression, anxiety and depression, disorder, and lack of attention. This research confirms that employment of women results in enhancement of behavioral disorder among children. It is suggested that policy makers and planners in the country must pay attention to this point.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 58)
F. Babanezhad "Comparing the Self-Control and Behavioral Problems of Girls in Employed and Unemployed Mothers", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 58, pp. 68-74, 2015
Online since:
Sep 2015

[1] Babapour, Kheir Aldin, J. (2006), investigating the relationship between conflict resolution practices of communication and psychological health of students, Scientific-Research Journal of Psychology, University of Tabriz, 4, pp.27-46.

[2] Beverly J. W‏. Holly P., Jenna Y., Kathleen K., Jessica B., Lindsey K. & Diana C. (2014).

[3] Byrne BA, Haddock CK, & Poston DC, (2002). Mid American Heart Institiute: Parenting style and adolescent smoking. Journal of Adolescent Health, (30)6, 418-425‏.

DOI: 10.1016/s1054-139x(02)00370-1

[4] Duman, S. & Margolin, G. (2007). Parents' Aggressive Influences and Children's Aggressive Problem Solutions With Peers. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36(1), 42–55.

DOI: 10.1207/s15374424jccp3601_5

[5] Dustin A. Pardini, Rebecca Waller, Samuel W. Hawes(2015), Familial Influences on the Development of Serious Conduct Problems and Delinquency, The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior, p. pp.201-220.

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-08720-7_13

[6] Etebarian, Akbar, Pourvali, Zeinab, (2008).

[7] Fanti, k. a. (2007), trajectories of pure and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems from age2to12: findings fromthenichd. study of the requirements for PhD degree‏. Georgiastste University.

[8] Farzadfar, Z., Homan, H., (2008), the role of the role of parenting skills on reducing maternal stress in mothers and behavioral problems in children, Journal of Iranian psychologists, 4 (15), pp.277-292.

[9] Fortin, L; lessard, A; &marcotte, D. (2010), Comparison by gender of students with behavior problems who dropped out of school‏. Journal of social and behavioral sciences. , 2.

DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.902

[10] Goudarzi, Z., Bakhti, O., Yousefi, F., Shamshiri, A., Mahmoudi Gharaei, J., Atef Vahid, M., Voskouei Ashkouri, K., Abbasi Marei, F., Etaati, Z., (2010).

[11] Hallahan, de , Kauffman, J, (1944), Exceptional Children: An introduction to special education, translated by Mojtaba Javadian, (2008), Mashhad: Astan_e_Qods_e_Razavi Press.

[12] Khazaei, T., Khazaei, M.M., Khazaei, M., (2005), the prevalence of behavioral problems in Birjand children, Birjand University of Medical Science Journal, 12 (1&2), pp.71-96.

[13] Kumru Asiye, Thompson, Ross A. (2003). Ego Identity Status and‏ Self Monitoring Behavior in Adolescents, Journal of Adolescen t‏ Research, Vol. 18 No. 5, pp , 481-495.

DOI: 10.1177/0743558403255066

[14] Lubenko, J; & sebre, S (2010), Longitudinal associations between adolescent behavior problems and perceived family relationships‏. Journal of procedia social and behavior sciences. 5‏.

DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.185

[15] Mohammadzadeh, A., Najafi, M., (2010), the role of anxiety and depression in determining attention deficit disorders in elementary school children, Clinical Psychology Journal, 1 (4), pp.59-66.

[16] Rahim, A, Kaufman, S & Psennica, C. (2004). A Model of the style of Handling conflict, Marital satisfaction, and Instability. Available online at: http: /papers. ssrn. com/sol3/ Data_ Integrity_ Notice. cfm?abid=602765.

[17] Soltanifar, A., Bina, M., (2007), investigating the prevalence of depression symptoms in elementary school 9-11 year old-children in Tehran and its relation with family function, Journal of Mental Health Principles, 9 (33&34), pp.7-14.

[18] Stefan, C; &Miclea, M. (2010), Prevention program for children with emotional and social competencies. Journal of prcedia social and behavioral sciences, 5, p. p.: 127-139‏.

DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.061

[19] Tate, Brian(2008). "A Longitudinal Study of the Relationships Among Self – Monitoring , Authentic Leadership, and Perception of Leadership . Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies. Vol15, n1, p. p.: 16-29. ‏ ‏.

DOI: 10.1177/1548051808318002
Show More Hide