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International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences
Volume 58
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The Comparison of Subjectivism in Idealism with the Suhrawardi's Subjectivism

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Abstract:

This article aims to compare the subjectivism in the school of idealism with the Suhrawardi's school by using the qualitative research method with the content analysis style and came to the conclusion that idealism which is being considered as a part of existence philosophy is an extremist introspection (subjectivism) that the person abandon the evidences across (through) his/her life without any kinds of mass communication with the external world. This individual sinks in his isolation and the possibility of any connection with the surrounded world id unattainable for him, but Suhrawardi believes in the mind however wisdom is not the only source of knowledge and cognition, he believes in the mysticism in this respect that considers the discovery, intuition and illumination as the most noble and dignified stage of cognition. Suhrawardi called his ontology "Noor-al-Noor" (the absolute light and illumination). Because all objects are appeared with the light so naturally they should be defined by the light (illumination). "Noor-al-Noor" or "the absolute illumination" is the absolute existence, and all creatures have their existence from this source and the existential universe is nothing far from the varying (different) degrees of the lightness and darkness. For this reason, the creatures' hierarchy is depending on their proximity (propinquity) with the "Noor-al-Noor".

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 58)
Pages:
36-40
DOI:
10.18052/www.scipress.com/ILSHS.58.36
Citation:
R. Alizade and M. R. Sarmadi, "The Comparison of Subjectivism in Idealism with the Suhrawardi's Subjectivism", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 58, pp. 36-40, 2015
Online since:
Sep 2015
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