Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences
Volume 57


Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > Volume 57 > Effectiveness of "Psychosocial Strengthening...
< Back to Volume

Effectiveness of "Psychosocial Strengthening Program" on Risk and Protective Factors of Drug Use and Increasing of Psychological Health among High Risk Adolescents

Full Text PDF


In the present research Effectiveness of "Psychosocial Strengthening Program" On Risk and Protective Factors of drug use and increasing of psychological health among high risk Adolescents has been investigated. The considering sample in the research was 30 students of first grade of Sanandaj's guidance school who has been selected by multi-stages cluster sampling method and were replaced in two groups of experiment (n=15) and control (n=15). The experiment group students attended in Psychosocial Strengthening Program training sessions but the control group students didn’t so. Two groups were compared through using Risk and Protective Factors of drug use questionnaire and psychological healthy questionnaire based on covariance analyze statistic test.The present research findings show that there is a meaning full difference between the student's attitude high risk related to drug us, social skills, self-controlling skills and psychological health before and after Psychosocial Strengthening Program training. The statistical analyzes show that Psychosocial Strengthening Program training has been effective on the positive attitude toward drug use. Low social skills and low self-controlling skills as the drug us risky factors and psychological health. Therefore it seems this program as a protective factor causes drug us decreasing and psychological health increasing among high risk Adolescents in coming years.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 57)
S. Mohamadkhani and F. Asyabani, "Effectiveness of "Psychosocial Strengthening Program" on Risk and Protective Factors of Drug Use and Increasing of Psychological Health among High Risk Adolescents", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 57, pp. 150-159, 2015
Online since:
Aug 2015

Bandura, A. (1985). Models of Causality in Social Learning Theory, in M. J. Mahoney and A. Freeman (Eds. ), Cognition and Psychotherapy, New York. Plenum.

Bradley, B. J., & Greene, A. C. (2013).

Bobrova, N., Alcorn, R., Rhodes, T., Rughnikov, I., Neifeld, E., Power, R. (2007). Injection drug users' perceptions of drug treatment services and attitudes toward substitution therapy. J Subst Abuse Treat, 33(4), 373-8.

Bonino, s., Catalina, E., Ciariano, s. (2005). Adolescent and risk behaviors, functions and protective factors. Springer Verlag, Berlin, New York.

Botvin, G. J. (2000). Preventing drug abuse in schools: social and competence enhancement approaches targeting individual-level etiological factors. Addictive Behaviors, 25(6), 887-897.

Botvin, G. J., Griffin, K. W., Paul, E., & Macaulay, A. P. (2003). Preventing tobacco and alcohol use among elementary school students through Life Skills Training. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 12(4), 1-17.

Botvin, G. J. Griffin, K .W. (2004). LIFE SKILL TRAINING: empirical finding and future direction. Journal of primary prevention, 25(2), 211-218.

Botvin, G. J. Kantor, L .W. (2007). Preventing alcohol and tobacco use through life skill training. Journal of alcohol research& health, 24 (4), 8-25.

Botvin, G.J., Griffin, K.W., Williams, C. (2015). Preventing Daily Substance Use among High School Students Using a Cognitive-Behavioral Competence Enhancement Approach. World Journal of Preventive Medicine, 3(3), 48-53.

Chen, L., Chen,Y., Hao,Y., Gu,J., Guo,Y., Ling,Y. (2014). Effectiveness of school-based smoking intervention in middle school students of Linzhi Tibetan and Guangzhou Han ethnicity in China. Addictive Behaviors, 39(1), 189-195.

Cuijpers, P. (2002). Effective ingredients of school - based drug prevention program. Addictive Behaviors, 27(6), 1009-1023.

Diener, E., Oishi, S. & Lucas, R.E. (2003). Personality, culture and subjective well-being. Emotional and cognitive evaluations of live. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 403-425.

Elias-Lambert, N., Boyas J.F., Black B.M., Schoech R.J. (2015). Preventing substance abuse and relationship violence: Proof-of-concept evaluation of a social, multi-user, tablet-based game. Children and Youth Services Review, 53, 201-210.

Faggiano' F. Vigna- Taglianti' F. D. ' Versino, E. ' Zambon ' A. ' Borraccino' A. ' Lemma' P (2008). School-based prevention for illicit drugs use: A systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 46(5), 385-396.

Flay, B.R. (2009). The promise of long-term effectiveness of school based smoking prevention programs: A critical review of reviews. Tob Induc Dis, 5(1), 7. doi: 10. 1186/1617-9625-5-7.

Ghavidel, N., Samadi, M., Kharmanbiz, A. H., Asadi, A., Faeizi, A., Ahmadi, R., Abedini, M., Hosseini, F. (2012).

Giannotta, F., Vigna-Taglianti, F., Galanti, M. R., Scatigna, M., Faggiano, F. (2014). -ShortTerm Mediating Factors of a School-Based Intervention to Prevent Youth Substance Use in Europe. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54(5), 565-573.

Jalali, M., Pourahmadi, E. (2010). self-expression training effectiveness on the Adolescent's self-esteem and psychological health, 5(17), 27-36.

Jessor, R., & Jessor, S. L. (1977). Problem behavior and psychosocial development: A longitudinal study of youth. New York: Academic Press.

Knyazev, G. G. (2004). Behavioral activations as predictor of substance use: Mediating and moderating role of attitudes and social relationships. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 75(3), 309-321.

Kounenou, k. (2010). exploration of the relationship among drug use and alcohol drinking, entertainment activities and self-esteem in Greek university students. Procedia-social and Behavioral sciences, 2(2), 1906-(1910).

Lin, Y., Shiah, S., Chang, Y. C., Lai, T., Wang, K. Y., & Chou, K. R. (2004).

Martin. I. & Jones, D. (2009). Exploring the life skills needs of British adolescent athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 10(1), 159-167.

Matos, M. G., & Equipa do Projecto Aventura Social (2012). A saude dos adolescents Portuguese: Relatorio do estudo HBSC 2010. Lisboa: CMDT/IHMT/UNL; FMH/UTL.

Mirmehdi, K., Karimi, N. (2012) self-effectiveness relation, motivation and social skills with drugs abuse. Revolution psychology: Iranian psychology, 9(33), 73-81.

Mohammadkhani, S. (2006). Drug use structural model in high risk Adolescents: the life skills training affect measurement on the drug use intervene factors. PHD these, Tehran capabilizing and medical science university.

Mohammadkhani, S. (2007). the drug use structural model in high risk Adolescents: the direct and indirect affects measurement of social and personal factors. Research periodical essay in psychological health First era, 1(2), 6-16.

Mohammadkhani, S., Jazaieri, A. R., Mohammadkhani, P., Rafiei, H., Ghazitabatabi, M. (2008). Life skills training effect on drug intervene factors in high risk Adolescents. Social prosperity periodical essay, 7(29), 125-150.

MohammadKhani, S. (2010). Protection strategies against druging in high risk students: recognizing, estimating and intervening. United Nations resisting office against crime and druging in Iran.

Mohammadkhani, S. (2011). Smoking, alcohol and mental taxicating use incident in Iranian Adolescents. Kerman medical science university magazine, 19(1), 32-48.

Mohammadkhani, S. (2011). A package for Psycho-social Strengthening high risk adolescents. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Myers, D.G., & Dinner, E. (1995). Who is happy? Psychological Science, 6(1), 10-19.

National Institute on drug abuse. (2003). Prevention drug abuse among children and adolescents: A research based guide. National Institute on drug abuse.

Osill, k. c., Hunter, S. B., Ewing, B.A., Ramchand, R., Miles, J .N.V., Damico, E.J. (2013). The effects of employment among adolescents at-risk for future substance use. Addictive behaviors. 38(3), 1616-1619.

Paves, A. P., Pedersen, E. R., Hummer, J. F., & Labrie, J. W. (2012). Prevalence, social contexts, and risks for prepartying among ethnically diverse college students. Addictive Behaviors, 37 (7), 803-810.

Pourchenari, M. A., Golzari, M. (2008). The life skills training effectiveness on the male student's attitude changing of Sirjan state high school toward druging . scientifically druginvestigating essay, 2 (8), 33-54.

Pourshahbaz, A. ' & colleagues (2005). The risk and protective factors structural relations of druging in Adolescents, social prosperity scientific-research periodical essay, 5 (19), 31-54.

Raisee, R., Ganji, F., Shahmoradi, R., Mardan- Pourshahrkordi, E., Shiman , A., Nekouie, A., Fanian, N., Nikfarjam, M. ( 2012). The personally counseling life skills training class affected on the divorced children 's mental health . Shahrekord mental science university magazine, 14(4), 30-37.

Schlauch, R. C., Stasiewicz, P. R., Bradizza, C. M., Coffey, S. F., Gulliver, S. B., & Gudleski, G. D. (2012). Relationship between approach and avoidance inclinations to use alcohol and treatment outcomes. Addictive behaviors, 37 (7), 824-830.

Smorti, M. (2014). -Sensation Seeking and Self-efficacy Effect on Adolescents Risky Driving and Substance Abuse. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 140(22), 638-642.

Taremian, F., Mehriar, A. H. (2008). The life skills training programs effectiveness in order to protecting guidance school students drug use. Zanjan medical science university magazine, 16(65), 77-88.

Turbin, M. S., Jessor, R., Costa, F. M., Dong, Q., Zhang, H., & Wang, C. (2006).

Wenzel V. ' Weichold, K. '& Silbereisen' R. (2009). The life skills program IPSY: Positive influences on school bonding and prevention of substance misuse. Journal of Adolescence, 32, 1391-1401.

Show More Hide