Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences
Volume 51


Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > Volume 51 > Use of Lecture Method and Concept Mapping...
< Back to Volume

Use of Lecture Method and Concept Mapping Strategies in Enhancing Primary School Pupils Achievement and Retention in Social Studies at Makurdi, Nigeria

Full Text PDF


This study investigated the use of concept mapping strategy with the lecture teaching method as it affects achievement and retention ability of primary six pupils in social studies. A total of 244 primary six pupils from Makurdi local government area of Benue State, Nigeria, were randomly selected. The total number of boys was 123, while that of girls was 121. A Quasi experimental design was adopted for the study. Two instruments were used for data collection, namely: the social studies achievement test (SSAT) and social studies retention test (SSRT). The data collected were subjected to independent sample t-test and paired sample t-test, at a probability level of .05 to indicate statistical significance. The finding revealed that concept mapping strategy was more effective in enhancing achievement score of pupils as compared to the lecture method. Pupils taught using concept mapping recorded a mean achievement score of 63.0 %, as compared to those taught using the lecture method strategy with a mean achievement score of 49.9 %. Though, the mean achievement scores of pupils taught using the two different teaching techniques showed significant difference, however, the mean retention score of pupils was not significantly (P<0.05) affected, hence hypothesis was upheld. The implication of study showed that social studies teachers should adopt concept mapping strategy as an effective teaching-learning technique in improving pupils academic performance in school.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 51)
G. T. W. Ijoyah et al., "Use of Lecture Method and Concept Mapping Strategies in Enhancing Primary School Pupils Achievement and Retention in Social Studies at Makurdi, Nigeria", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 51, pp. 5-10, 2015
Online since:
May 2015

[1] Ali, A. (1996). Fundamental of research in education. Meks Publishers, Awka, Nigeria, p.31.

[2] Ezeudu, F.O. (1995). The effect of concept mapping on students achievement, interest and retention in basic studies. Unpublished Ph. D Thesis, Faculty of Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

[3] FRN, (2004). National policy on education. 4th edition, Pelcam Press, Abuja, Nigeria, p.22.

[4] Havva, V. and Cemal, V. (2008). Concept mapping in Turkish grammar instruction: A quantitative and qualitative research study, World Applied Science Journal, 5(3), 367-377.

[5] Ijoh, G.O., Famiwole, R. and Denco, E. (1996). Principles and methods of teaching. Restoration Publishers, Nsukka, Nigeria, p.52.

[6] Imoko, B.I. and Agwagah, U.N.U. (2006). Improving students interest in Mathematics through the concept mapping technique: A focus on gender, Journal of Research in Curriculum and Teaching, 1(1), 30-38.

[7] Kinchin, I.M. (2000). Using concept maps to reveal understanding: A two-tier analysis,. School Science Review, 81, 41-46.

[8] Nekang, F.N. (2004). Effect of concept mapping on students achievement and interest in elementary probability in Biu division of Cameroon. Unpublished M. Ed Thesis, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

[9] Nworgu, B.G. (2003). Educational measurement and evaluation. Theory and Practice. University Trust Publishers, Nsukka, Nigeria, pp.15-17.

[10] Okam, C.C. (2000). Approaches in the teaching of social studies. Outrite Publishers, Onitsha, Nigeria, p.40.

[11] Ozden, M. and Gultekin, M. (2008). The effect of brain-based learning on academic achievement and retention of knowledge in science course, Electronic Journal of Science Education, 2(1), 20-25.

[12] Shamija, T.A. (2008). Social studies education. An introductory text. Academic Press Ltd., Makurdi, Nigeria, pp.20-25.

[13] Utulu, R.E. (2007). Using concept mapping for effective teaching in nursery/primary and secondary schools, Benue State University Journal of Education, 8(1), 207-219. ( Received 07 April 2015; accepted 28 April 2015 ).

Show More Hide