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Empirical Differences in Crime Categories by White-Collar Criminals

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White-collar crime is financial crime committed by persons of respectability and social status. The purpose of this paper is to present empirical results from a study of convicted white-collar criminals in Norway. A national sample of 323 criminals was collected based on media coverage from 2009 to 2012. Crime was classified into the main categories of fraud, theft, manipulation, and corruption. Most criminals were convicted of fraud. They also received the longest jail sentence on average.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 5)
P. Gottschalk, "Empirical Differences in Crime Categories by White-Collar Criminals", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 5, pp. 17-26, 2013
Online since:
September 2013

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[1] R. Lippert, S. Treffers, T. Bud, Studies in Law, Politics, and Society, Vol. 72, p. 25, 2017


[2] S. Taştan, Ethics in Research Practice and Innovation, p. 296, 2019