Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences
ILSHS Volume 47

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > ILSHS Volume 47 > Culture Shock
< Back to Volume

Culture Shock

Removed due to plagiarism

Full Text PDF


The ability to communicate well in a foreign culture is considered as a set of learnable social skills. The notion of culture shock is introduced to cover a broad range of psychological and social reactions to immersion in another culture, many of them detrimental to communication. Programs aimed at reducing the harmful effects of culture shock are examined in terms of the strategies adopted: (1) information giving, (2) cultural sensitization, (3) isomorphic attribution, (4) learning by doing, and (5) social skills training (SST). The latter, it is argued, is the most effective.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 47)
H. N. P. Sani, "Culture Shock", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 47, pp. 116-130, 2015
Online since:
February 2015

[1] Adler, P. (1975) The transition experience: An alternative view of culture shock. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 15, 13-23.

[2] Argyle, M. (1979) New developments in the analysis of social skills. In A. Woldgang (ed.) Non-verbal Behaviour. London: Academic Press. (1983) Intercultural communication. In S. Bochner (ed.) Cultures in Contact (pp.61-80). Oxford: Pergamon.

[3] Argyle, M. and Henderson, M. (1985) The Anatomy of Relationships. London: Heinemann.

[4] Ball-Rokeach, S. (1973) From pervasive ambiguity to a definition of the situation. Sociometry 36, 133-45.


[5] Barnlund, D. and Araki, S. (1985) Intercultural encounters: The management of compliments by Japanese and Americans.Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 16, 9-26.


[6] Berman, J., Murphy-Berman, V. and Singh, P. (1985) Cross-cultural similarities and differences in perceptions of fairness. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 16, 55-67.


[7] Bochner, S. (ed.) (1982) Cultures in Contact. Oxford: Pergamon.

[8] Bock, P. (ed.) (1970) Culture Shock: A Reader in Modern Psychology. New York: A.A. Knopf.

[9] Brislin, R. (1979) Orientation programes for cross-cultural preparation. In A. Marsella, R.

[10] Thorp and T. Cibrowski (eds) Perspectives on Cross-Cultural Psychology. New York: Academic Press.

[11] Byrnes, F. (1966) Americans in Technical Assistance: A Study of Attitudes and Responses to their Role Abroad. New York: Praeger.

[12] Church, A. (1982) Sojourner adjustment. Psychological Bulletin 91, 540-72.

[13] Cleveland, H., Margone, C. and Adams, J. (1963) The Overseas Americans. New York: McGraw-Hill.

[14] Collett, P. (1982) Meetings and misunderstandings. In S. Bochner (ed.) Cultures in Contact (pp.81-9). Oxford: Pergamon.

[15] David, K. (1971) Culture shock and the development of self-awareness. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 4, 44-8. ( Received 15 January 2015; accepted 26 January 2015 ).

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] J. Nåls, N. Hyde-Clarke, "Lost and Found: Making Sense of Foreign Spaces and the Self with Public Transport", Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, Vol. 46, p. 346, 2017