Retracted due to a case of duplicate publication
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
 Ashoori, M. (2002). Alternatives to imprisonment and in between punishments, Tehran: First vol. Gerayesh publication.
 Ardabili, M. A. (2003). General criminal law, Tehran: Second vol. seventh edition, Mizan.
 Hajitabar Firoozjaee, H. (2007). Alternatives to imprisonment in the Iranian criminal law, Tehran: First edition, Ferdosi publication.
 Pradell, J. (2002). History of criminal thoughts, Trans by Ali Hussein Najafi Abrandabdi, Tehran": First edition.
 Niazpoor, A. H. (2011). From criminal law to arbitrary criminal law", Criminal aw teachings, Faculty of Razavi Islamic Sciences , No. 1, Summer and spring.
 Niazpoor, A. H. (2001). Agreement over the criminal procedure code, Mizan publication, First edition. ( Received 19 December 2014; accepted 27 December 2014 ).