Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences
Volume 43

Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > Volume 43 > Identification of Barriers to Entrepreneurship of...
< Back to Volume

Identification of Barriers to Entrepreneurship of Female Household Heads Covered by Tehran Welfare Organization

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

One of the important tasks of social helpers is empowerment of vulnerable groups. One of these vulnerable groups is female household heads. One of the practices that can help empowering of them is to encourage female household heads to financial independence. Entrepreneurship is something that can lead to financial independence of female household heads. Moreover, entrepreneurship can lead to better mental and social health of this vulnerable group. The first step in empowering female household heads through entrepreneurship is to identify their obstacles and entrepreneurship problems. Because by identification of these barriers it can be done more appropriate measures in order to empower them. So, the aim of the present study is to identify entrepreneurship barriers of female household heads covered by Welfare Organization in Tehran. The method of the current study is survey. The statistical population of this research is all female household heads covered by Welfare Organization in Tehran that 350 of them were selected randomly.In order to collect data in this research, researcher-built questionnaire was used. In this research, the face validity and content aspect of the questionnaire were confirmed and reliability coefficient was obtained 0.81 using Cronbach’s alpha indicating desirable reliability of research questionnaire. The questionnaires were completed through self-creativity and then data were analyzed using SPSS software. Among problems that women encountered with them, the first ten ones are respectively the loss of fund to begin a job, existence of strictly official rules, gender discrimination and ignoring the ability of women by the society and responsible organizations, ignoring women in management affairs, over-concern about paying back the loans, emphasis on having personal fund instead of borrowing it from others, loss of pawn in order to get a loan, lack of proper support by government and governmental organizations, few facilities to begin a job by sponsor organizations, and unsuitable behavior of some organizations due to promotion of male-dominating in the society that statistically meaningful difference in prioritizing of these barriers was seen (p < 0.05). Considering the findings of the current research, the programs in order to support female household heads economically and special facilities for them can provide their entrepreneurship basis. Also, gender discriminations against women especially female household heads can be decreased through acculturating using media and national media. The findings of the current research can be useful for social helpers, sponsor organizations and policymakers in direction of empowering the female household heads.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 43)
Pages:
60-72
Citation:
R. Shahmahmoudi and P. Danesh, "Identification of Barriers to Entrepreneurship of Female Household Heads Covered by Tehran Welfare Organization", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 43, pp. 60-72, 2015
Online since:
Nov 2014
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] Arasti Zahra, (2006). Effective cultural-social structures on making entrepreneurial businesses among Iranian women, Woman in development and politics, 4(1, 2), 119-193.

[2] Alam S.S., Mohd Jani M.F., Omar N. A. (2011). An Empirical Study of Success Factors of Women Entrepreneurs in Southern Region in Malaysia. International Journal of Economics and Finance. 3(2), 166-175.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijef.v3n2p166

[3] Banerjee R. (2000). Women Entrepreneurship Improving The Quality of life, pp.1-12.

[4] Fonjong L. (2004), Challenges and Coping Strategies of Women Food Crops Entrepreneurs in Fako Division Cameroon", Journal of International Women, s Studies 5, 215-235.

[5] Frouzan, Ameneh Setareh, Biglarian, Akbar, (2003), Female-household heads: opportunities and challenges, Woman in development and politics, 1(5), 35-58.

[6] Golred Parvaneh (2008), Productivity of Iranian entrepreneurial women, Quarterly Journal of Business, 46, 179-209.

[7] Golred Parvaneh (2005), Effective factors on development of entrepreneurship of Iranian women, Quarterly journal of women research, 3(1).

[8] Hamed Mahboubeh (2012), A comparative study on law of fifth civil program and fifth development program (with emphasis on social welfare indices), Welfare programming and social development, 4, 189-220.

[9] Hisrich R. D. and Brush C.G. (1987): Women entrepreneur : A longitudinal Study, In frountiers of Entrepreneurial Research, Cambridge, MA: Babson College, pp.187-199.

[10] Hosseini, Mahmoud, Alibeigi, AmirHossein, Sharifi, MohammadAmin, (2010), Determinative factors of economic empowerment level of female-household heads in rural areas: case study in Kordestan, Village and Development, 13(4), 75-95.

[11] Khosravi Zohreh (2008), Investigation of emotional, mental, and social problems of female-household heads, Approved research of women participation affairs center.

[12] Javaheri, Fatemeh, Ghozati, Sorour, (2004), Barriers of women entrepreneurship: investigation of effect of gender inequality on women entrepreneurship in Iran, Iranian Sociology Journal, 5(2), 161-178.

[13] Jyoti J., Sharma J., Kumari A. (2011). Factors affecting orientation and satisfaction of women entrepreneurs in rural India. Annals of Innovation & Entrepreneurship. 2, 1-13.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3402/aie.v2i1.5813

[14] Karimi Zahra (2005), The role of government supports in developing of entrepreneurship among women: case study: women corporations in Mzandaran, 1st Congress on women entrepreneurship and related challenges.

[15] Ketabi Mahmoud, Yazdkhasti, Behjat, Farrokhi Rastaie, Zahra, (2005), preconditions and barriers of empowerment of women: case study: Isfahan women, Isfahan University Research Journal, 19, 1.

[16] Khosravi Zohreh (2001). Investigation of mental and social damages of female- household heads, Al-Zahra quarterly journal of human science, 39.

[17] Kimiayee Ali (2011), Empowerment methods of female-household heads, Social welfare, 11(40), 63-92.

[18] Madani Ghahfarokhi Saeed (2002), Empowerment plan for female-household heads, Office of cultural-economic investigations, Iranian Islamic Parliamnet research center press.

[19] Mohammadi, Zahra, (2006), Female-household heads, General relations of women social-cultural association.

[20] Moti, Nahid, (2008), Children opportunities in women-headed families, UNICEF, Journal of women, 53 & 54.

[21] Rahimian, Ashraf, Gholipour Arian, (2011), Relation of economic, cultural, and educational factors with empowerment of female-household heads, Social welfare, 11(40), 29-62.

[22] Safiri Khadijeh (1999), Sociology of women employment, Dayereh press.

[23] Sam Aram, Ezatollah, (2012), Social helping theories and localization of them, welfare and social development programming, 1st congress on social welfare in Iran, pp.1-40.

[24] Shambare R. (2013). Barriers to Student Entrepreneurship in South Africa. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies. 5(7), 449-459.

[25] Tabatabayee Yahya Abadi, Shahnaz, Hosseinian Simin, (2005), Empowerment of female-household heads through group consultation, informing and entrepreneurship, Quarterly journal of family research, 1(4), 359-368.

[26] Welfare Organization, (2010), Investigation of human development indices in female- household heads, social affairs, office of family and women affairs, Tehran: Welfare publications. ( Received 16 October 2014; accepted 24 October 2014 ).

Show More Hide