This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU), 2007. The State of the Nation, April 9. Retrieved on the web 22/12/07.
Adedeji A, Rasheed S, Morrison M, 1998. The Human Dimension Africa's Persist Economic Crisis. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. Hans Zell Publisher, pp.377-391.
Afonja S, 1988. Critical Issues in Women's Studies in Nigeria - a Sociological Perspective. A paper presented at the workshop for the Canadian- Nigerian Linkage in Women Studies, held at Obafemi Awolowo University, January.
Amalu C, 2005. Examination fraud increased by 40% in 2003-2004. Nigerian Vanguard, p.11. October 3.
Azariadis C, Drazen A, 1990. Threshold Externalities in Economic Development. Quarterly Journal of Economics 105(2); 501-526.
Barro R, 1991. Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries. Quarterly Journal of Economics 106(2); 407-443.
Bruns B, Mingat A, Rakatomalala R, 2003. A Chance for Every Child: Achieving Universal Primary Education by 2015. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Case A, Lubotsky D, Paxson C, 2002. Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the Gradient. The American Economic Review 92(5); 1308-1334.
Case A, Paxson C, 2008. Stature and Status: Height, Ability, and Labor Market Outcomes. Journal of Political Economy 116(3); 499-532.
Cohen D, Soto M, 2007. Growth and Human Capital: Good Data, Good Results. Journal of Economic Growth 12; 51-76.
Das J, Dercon S, Habyarimana J, Krishnana P, 2007. Teacher Shocks and Student Learning: Evidence from Zambia. Journal of Human Resources 42(4); 820-62.
Duflo E, Hanna R, Ryan S, 2008. Monitoring Works: Getting Teachers to Come to School. Mimeo, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Eneh OC, 2011. Nigeria's vision 20: 2020 - Issues, Challenges and Implications for Development Management. Asian Journal of Rural Development 1; 21-40.
Gorki, P, 2001. Multicultural Education and the Digital Divide. Accessed 5 June, 2004. http: /www. edchange. org/multicultural/papers/edchange_divide. html.
Griffin K, McKinley T, 1992. Towards a Human Development Strategy. Occasional Paper 6, December.
Hanushek E, Woessmann L, 2009. Do Better Schools Lead to More Growth? Cognitive Skills, Economic Outcomes, and Causation. NBER Working Paper No. 14633, National Bureau of Economic Research, Massachusetts.
Harbison FH, 1972. Human Resources as the Wealth of Nations. New York, Oxford University Press.
Huyer S, Sikoski T, 2003. Overcoming the Digital Divide: Understanding ICTs and Their Potential for the Empowerment of Women. Instraw Research Paper Series, 1. http: /www. uni-instraw. org/pdf/oth-sythesis_paper. pdf.
Ikupa JCB, 1997. Causes and Cure of Examination Malpractices. The Business Administrator 1(1); 38-39.
Jensen M, 2001. African internet users top four million. The African internet. A Status Report.
Kombol MA, 2006. An Assessment of the Problem of ICT Use among Nigerian Media Practitioners: Implications for Media Relations Practitioners in Public Relations. Public Relations Journal 3; 11-28.
Moja T, 2000. Nigeria Education Sector Analysis: An Analytical Synthesis of Performance and Main Issues. Document Produced For the World Bank.
National Universities Commission, 2011. List of Nigerian Universities and years founded. Retrieved from the web 10/10/11. http: /www. nuc. edu. ng/pages/universities. asp.
Olaniyan DA, Okemakinde T, 2008. Human Capital Theory: Implications for Educational Development. European Journal of Scientific Research 24(2); 157-162.
Oluyeba NF, Daramola SO, 1992. Incidences and Detection of Examination Malpractices in Nigerian Public Examinations. Paper presented on behalf of WAEC on Examination Malpractices, University of Benin, Nigeria.
Park A, Hannum E, 2002. Do Teachers Affect Learning in Developing Countries? Evidence from Student-Teacher Data from China. Unpublished manuscript.
Roux A, 1994. Defence, Human Capital and Economic Development in South Africa. African Defence Review, No 19.
Saraki B, 2009. Vision 2020 and the Challenge of Rebranding Nigeria. Lecture delivered at the National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies, Kuru, 30th June.
Trostel P, Walker L, Woolley P, 2002. Estimates of the Economic Return to Schooling for 28 Countries. Labour Economics 9; 1-16.
UNIDO, 2003. Competing Through Innovation and Learning. Industrial Development Report 2002/2003. http: /www. tips. org. za/node/1193.
West African Examinations Council, 2004. Statistics of Incidences of Examination Malpractices. Abuja, Nigeria.
Yesufu TM, 2000. The Human Factor in National Development: Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books.
Paul Bukuluki, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 5 (2013) 27-44.
Debiprasad Mukherjee, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 6 (2013) 41-48.
Sele Sylvester Ebisin, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 2 (2014) 1-9.
Pawa Tersoo, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 3 (2014) 26-36.
Adoga James Ada, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 3 (2014) 45-52.
Onyike Maggaret Odu, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 4 (2014) 31-39.
Uloma Charity Oguzor, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 4 (2014) 97-104.
Okezie A. Ihugba, Alex Odii, A. C. Njoku, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 5 (2014) 21-34.
Okezie A. Ihugba, Bankoli Bankong, N. C. Ebomuche, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 5 (2014) 92-113. ( Received 27 June 2014; accepted 05 July 2014 ).