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Is there a Relationship between Shyness and English Proficiency Level of Bilingual and Monolingual EFL Learners

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It would be mention that bilingualism can be defined in different ways. For example, Maleki (2011) asserted that individual level includes consecutive or simultaneous learning which involves the content of achievement, ability, language competence and proficiency. However, social level contains complex phenomena of minority and migrants and focuses some matters like domain and diglossia. These are useful in interpreting the various ways that linguistic resources are organized in multilingual communities. In these communities, there are some phenomena like transfer, borrowing, code switching and interference. The current study seeks to examine the effects of the role of shyness in English proficiency level of Bilingual EFL Learners in Komijan (in the province of Markazi) and Monolingual EFL learners in Arak (in the province of Markazi). The number of subjects were 98 and all of them were male. The age range of learners was 12 to 15. Thus, Revised Cheek and Buss Shyness Scale (RCBS) was used to measure the shyness level of both bilingual and monolingual learners. Results of the One-way ANOVA indicated that different level of shyness was not significant among bilingual and monolingual learners. It also indicated that bilingual students outperformed monolingual students in General English Proficiency.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 33)
H. Kohzadi et al., "Is there a Relationship between Shyness and English Proficiency Level of Bilingual and Monolingual EFL Learners", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 33, pp. 50-62, 2014
Online since:
Jun 2014

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. Language or languages spoken at home (home language) ملکت اهنآ اب هناخ رد هک ییاهنابز ای نابز دینک یم a ) Persian یسراف b ) Turkish یکرت c ) English یسیلگنا d ) Others ( specify…) )دینک صخشم(رگید یاهنابز Appendix II How Shy Are You? Read each item carefully, and decide to what extent it is characteristic of your feelings and behavior. Answer each question by choosing a number from the scale below.

= Very characteristic or true, strongly agree Questions ------- 1. I feel tense when I'm with people I don't know well. ------- 2. I am socially somewhat awkward. ------- 3. I find it difficult to ask other people for information. ------- 4. I am often uncomfortable at parties and other social functions. ------- 5. When in a group of people, I have trouble thinking of the right things to say. ------- 6. It takes me long to overcome my shyness in new situations. ------- 7. It is hard for me to act natural when I am meeting new people. ------- 8. I feel nervous when speaking to someone in authority. ------- 9. I have doubts about my social competence. ------- 10. I have trouble looking someone right in the eye. ------- 11. I feel inhibited in social situations. ------- 12. I find it hard to talk to strangers. ------- 13. I am shyer with members of the opposite sex. Appendix III extracted from Transparent Language: http: /www. transparent. com/ Language Proficiency Test Full name: ………. Gender: …………. Part I: English Grammar Select the best answer for each question.

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. Ms. Guth _____ rather not invest that money in the stock market. A. has to B. could C. would D. must Part II: English Grammar Select the one underlined word or phrase that is incorrect.

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. Mr. Feinauer does not take critical of his work very well. A. does B. critical C. his D. well.

98 Broadcasting Award. She got her start in journalism as an editor at the Hollsville County Times in Missouri. When the newspaper went out of business, a colleague persuaded her to enter the field of broadcasting. She moved to Oregon to begin a master's degree in broadcast journalism at Atlas University. Following graduation, she was able to begin her career as a local newscaster with WPSU-TV in Seattle, Washington, and rapidly advanced to national television. Noted for her quick wit and trenchant commentary, her name has since become synonymous with Good Day, America! Accepting the award at the National Convention of Broadcast Journalism held in Chicago, Ms. Szewczyk remarked, I am so honored by this award that I'm at a total loss for words!" Who would ever have believed it.

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. Yvette and Rinaldo send e-mail messages to other often. A. and B. send C. other D. often.

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. Mr. Olsen is telephoning a American Red Cross for help. A. is B. a C. Red D. for.

Hussein Meihami, Bahram Meihami, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 2 (2014) 10-19.

. I had a enjoyable time at the party last night. A. a B. time C. at D. last.

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. The doctor him visited the patient's parents. A. The B. him C. visited D. patient's.

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Mohammad Ali Heidari-Shahreza, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 20 (2014) 14-21. ( Received 15 June 2014; accepted 22 June 2014 ) APPENDICES Appendix I Background Questionnaire NO. Question Answer.

. Each day after school, Jerome run five miles. A. Each B. after C. run D. miles.

. He goes never to the company softball games. A. never B. the C. softball D. games.

. Do you know the student who books were stolen? A. Do B. know C. who D. were.

. Jean-Pierre will spend his vacation either in Singapore nor the Bahamas. A. will B. his C. nor D. Bahamas.

. I told the salesman that I was not interesting in buying the latest model. A. told B. that C. interesting D. buying.

. Frederick used work for a multinational corporation when he lived in Malaysia. A. used work B. multinational C. when D. lived in Part III. English Vocabulary Select the best answer.

. The rate of ______ has been fluctuating wildly this week. A. money B. bills C. coins D. exchange.

. The bus ______ arrives late during bad weather. A. every week B. later C. yesterday D. always.

. Do you ______ where the nearest grocery store is? A. know B. no C. now D. not.

. Jerry Seinfeld, the popular American comedian, has his audiences ______. A. putting too many irons in the fire B. keeping their noses out of someone's business C. rolling in the aisles D. going to bat for someone.

. The chairperson will ______ members to the subcommittee. A. appoint B. disappoint C. appointment D. disappointed.


. The critics had to admit that the ballet _______ was superb. A. procrastinate B. performance C. pathology D. psychosomatic.

. Peter says he can't ______ our invitation to dinner tonight. A. angel B. across C. accept D. almost.

. We were _____ friends in that strange but magical country. A. upon B. among C. toward D. in addition to.

. The hurricane caused ______ damage to the city. A. extend B. extended C. extensive D. extension.

. Many cultures have special ceremonies to celebrate a person's _____ of passage into adulthood. A. right B. rite C. writ D. write Part IV. English Reading Comprehension Select the best answer. Directions to Erik's house Leave Interstate 25 at exit 7S. Follow that road (Elm Street) for two miles. After one mile, you will pass a small shopping center on your left. At the next set of traffic lights, turn right onto Maple Drive. Erik's house is the third house on your left. It's number 33, and it's white with green trim.

. What is Erik's address? A. Interstate 25 B. 2 Elm Street C. 13 Erika Street D. 33 Maple Drive.

. Which is closest to Erik's house? A. the traffic lights B. the shopping center C. exit 7S D. a greenhouse Date: May 16, 1998 To: Megan Fallerman From: Steven Roberts Subject: Staff Meeting Please be prepared to give your presentation on the monthly sales figures at our upcoming staff meeting. In addition to the accurate accounting of expenditures for the monthly sales, be ready to discuss possible reasons for fluctuations as well as possible trends in future customer spending. Thank you.

. The main focus of the presentation will be _______. A. monthly expenditures B. monthly salary figures C. monthly sales figures D. Staffmeeting presentations.

. Who will give the presentation? A. the company president B. Megan Fallerman C. Steven Roberts D. future customers The B&B Tour Spend ten romantic days enjoying the lush countryside of southern England. The counties of Devon, Dorset, Hampshire, and Essex invite you to enjoy their castles and coastline, their charming bed and breakfast inns, their museums and their cathedrals. Spend lazy days watching the clouds drift by or spend active days hiking the glorious hills. These fields were home to Thomas Hardy, and the ports launched ships that shaped world history. Bed and breakfasts abound, ranging from quiet farmhouses to lofty castles. Our tour begins August 15. Call or fax us today for more information 1-800-222-XXXX. Enrollment is limited, so please call soon.

. Which of the following counties is not included in the tour? A. Devon B. Cornwall C. Essex D. Hampshire.

. How many people can go on this tour? A. 10 B. an unlimited number C. 2-8 D. a limited number.

. What can we infer about this area of southern England? A. The region has lots of vegetation. B. The coast often has harsh weather. C. The sun is hot and the air is dry. D. The land is flat. Anna Szewczyk, perhaps the most popular broadcaster in the news media today, won the.

. What is the purpose of this announcement? A. to invite people to the National Convention of Broadcast Journalism B. to encourage college students to study broadcasting C. to recognize Ms. Szewczyk's accomplishments D. to advertise a job opening at the Hollsville County Times.

. The expression to become synonymous with, means A. to be the same as. B. to be the opposite of. C. to be in sympathy with. D. to be discharged from.

. What was Ms. Szewczyk's first job in journalism? A. She was a T.V. announcer in Washington. B. She was a newscaster in Oregon. C. She was an editor for a newspaper in Missouri. D. She was a talk show host in Chicago.

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