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The Role of Ardalan’s Dynasty in Iran’s Political Structure

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This paper aims at studying the role of Ardalan’s dynasty in the political system of Iran. Going through a brief overview of the political situation of Kurdistan during Ardalan supremacy, this study is primary focused on describing Ardalan’s situation in political structure of Iran. Similar with governors in other parts of Iran, Ardalan authorities were considered as the political elites of Iran and possessed a special and unique political status among the states of Iran from Safavid to Qajar periods. Also, they were always, or at least most of the times, were among the topmost states of Iran attained the high authority and power. Ardalans had always benefited from the most prominent epithets and titles including Sultan, Khan, Baig, governer, and Biglar Baigy and they ruled their kingdom in much of the historical period covered in this study. Since Ardalans were the ruler of Kurdistan region before the Safavid dynasty, both Safavid and Qajar kings maintained them as rulers over their inherited and inborn region.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 18)
M. G. Kiani, "The Role of Ardalan’s Dynasty in Iran’s Political Structure", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 18, pp. 76-83, 2014
Online since:
December 2013

A. A. Chronicler Kordestani, Ibid, p.201 to 204; Shirin Ardalan, Ibid, pp.249-250.

A. A. Chronicler Kordestani, Ibid, p.204 to 207; Shirin Ardalan, Ibid, p.250, Grand Ayatollah Sheikh Mohammed Marduk, Ibid, p.227 to 244.

A. A. Chronicler Kordestani, Ibid, p.210 to 212; Shirin Ardalan, Ibid, p.248, Ayatollah Marduk, Ibid, pp.260-261.

A. A. Chronicler Kordestani, Ibid, pp.198-199; Shirin Ardalan, Ibid, p.249, Ayatollah Sheikh Mohammed Marduk, Tehran, Karnegie Publishing, 1379, first edition, pages 253 to 255.

A. A. Chronicler Kordestani, Ibid, pp.200-201; Shirin Ardalan, Ibid, p.247.

A. A. Chronicler Kordestani, Ibid, pp.209-210; Shirin Ardalan, Ibid, p.248; Sadiq Safi Zadeh history and Kurdistan, Tehran, future edition, 1378, pp.368-369.

Ali Akbar, Chronicler Kordestani, Ibid, pp.32-33.

Amir Ashraf Khan Badlisy; Sharfnamh: detailed history of Kurdistan, with an introduction and suspension and table of contents by Mohammad Abbasi, Bija, Academic Press Institute, 1343, p.117.

Chardin, Chardin travel, translated by Associate Prof Iqbal Yaghmaie, Tehran: Toos, 1372, first edition, volume 3, page 1167.

David MacDowell, History was translated by Ibrahim Younis, Tehran, Paniz, 1386, third edition, pp.86-87.

Hamid Ahmadi, Ibid, p.195.

Ibid, p.616.

Ibid, p.68.

Lawrence Lockhart, Ibid, p.11; Hamid Ahmadi, ethnicity and ethnicism in Iran, myths and realities, Tehran, publishing Nei, 1384, Fifth Edition, p.189.

Lawrence Lockhart; Extinction of Safavid dynasty (and devastating power of Afghans in Iran), translated by Mostafa Qoli, Emad. Tehran, Bina, 1343, pp.4-11.

Mirza Fazlo-Allah Kavari Shirazi; History of Zulgharnain, N. Afsharfr correction Tehran, the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance Press, 1380, first edition, p.458.

Mola Mohammad Shrif Ghazi; Zobdh al-tavarikh Sanandaji, in Kurdistan history, the efforts of Mohammad Rauf Tavakoli, Tehran, Tavakoli Press, 1379, first edition, p.2829.

Raher Bern, System of local authorities during the Safavid period, translated by Kaikavs Jahandari, Tehran, translating and publishing firm, 1349, first edition, pp.28-29.

Reher Bern, Ibid, p.81 to 85.

Reher Bern, Ibid, p.92.

Ruhollah Bahrami , P. Mozaffari, functions, divisions and organizational structure governor settled Ardalan Qajar era, , historical research, new course , third year, second issue (s 10), Summer 1390, p.60.

Shirin Ardalan, Ardalan's family in cross section of the Iranian and Ottoman empires, translated by M. Ardalan, Tehran, Iran Tarikh Publication, 1387, first edition, p.58.

Shirin Ardalan, Ibid, p.246.

The purpose of Akbar is the son of Jalal al-Din Shah Alam who has governed in 1221 AH until 1253 AH. Mirza Fazlolah Sanandaji; Hadyqhe Amanullah, the corrected and annotated by Dr. AS. Khyampvr Tabriz, Tabriz College of Literature, published by the Institute of History and Culture, 1344, p.48.

Vasily Nikitin, Ibid pp.344-345. ( Received 14 December 2013; accepted 18 December 2013 ).

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