Recent science and technology studies have analyse questions of expert and non-expert participating in science technology policy from an empirically grounded perspective, the issue offers a double contribution. It present a summary of the state of the act and an outline of the historical emergence of the participatory question, it distinguish four periods since the late nineteenth century each with a specific relationship between expert and non-expert knowledge ranging from hybrid to politicized to an autonomous to a participatory relationship. In the early beginning of humankind, diseases were viewed with mysteries and were common occurrences that claimed many lives. Medical technology evolved slowly in response to high mortality rates associated with diseases example (malaria, yellow fever etc.) Advance medical technology has become the antidote for illnesses and diseases that formerly resulted in the destruction of entire societies. Advance medical technology now makes doctors and technologist to use mechanical techniques to diagnose patients. Medical technology slowly changed from the use of subjective evidence provided by patients to objective evidence obtained by mechanical and chemical technological devices. Patient’s population now became concentrated in urban centres and large numbers of patient create economic incentives for doctors. This modern equipment saves time, energy and resources compared to the antediluvian approach. Therefore, multifarious diagnosis can be conducted with high degree of accuracy within a short period of time.
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 14)
M. Lengwiler "Current Approaches in Medical Technology for Effective Diagnosis", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 14, pp. 60-64, 2014