Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > Volume 11 > Efficacy of the Cognitive and Exposure Therapy in...
< Back to Volume

Efficacy of the Cognitive and Exposure Therapy in the Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

The aim of this study was the investigation of the efficacy of the Cognitive and Exposure therapy on the treatment of obsessive- compulsive disorder. This study is experimental expanded with multiple group pre-test, post-test. The statistical population of this study are included all patients with OCD, referred to clinical centers, hospitals and private clinics and counseling centers in Saghez and Boukan citiesat the age of 40-20 years. The statistical sample of this study is included 45 patientswith Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Who were selected randomly. Cognitive therapy was administered for the first experimental group and the second experimental group receives exposure therapy while the control group received no treatment. Subscales Madsly questionnaire was usedfor data gathering for OCD. For data analysis, multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) and least significant difference test to compare scores differences between pretest - posttest variables in the experimental and control groups was used. Findings showed that Cognitive and Aversion Therapy on the control group has a significant impact on the improvement of obsession, check out, washing, slowness and obsessive doubts. The results showed that Whittal Cognitive Therapy more impact on the reduction of obsessions in comparsion with Exposure therapy.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 11)
Pages:
1-9
DOI:
10.18052/www.scipress.com/ILSHS.11.1
Citation:
H. Mahmoodi et al., "Efficacy of the Cognitive and Exposure Therapy in the Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 11, pp. 1-9, 2013
Online since:
Sep 2013
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] Abramowitz, J. S. (2006). Effectiveness of psychological and pharmacological treatment for obsessive- compulsive disorder: A guantitative review. Journal of consulling and clinical psychology, 65, 44-52.

[2] American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed. ). Washington, DC: Author.

[3] Amparo Bellocha , Elena Cabedob (2010).

[4] Foa E. B., Steketee G. S., Milby J. B. (2000) Differential effects of exposure and response prevention in obsessive-compulsive washers. J Consult Clin Psychol 48: 71-79.

[5] Foa, E. B., Kozak, M. J (2003). Emotional processing of fear: Exposure to corrective information. Psychological Bulletin, 44, 35-99.

[6] Foa E. B., Kozak M. J., Steketee G. S., McCarty, P. R. (2003). Imipramine and behavior therapy in the treatment of depressive and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Immediact and long term effect. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31, 249-292.

DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8260.1992.tb00995.x

[7] Franklin, M. E; Foa, E. B (2002). Cognitive behavior treatments for obsessive compulsive disorder.

[8] Gunter R. W, Whittal M. L. (2010). Dissemination of cognitive-behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders: Overcoming barriers and improving patient access. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(2): 194-202.

DOI: 10.1016/j.cpr.2009.11.001

[9] Merlo, L. J., Duke, D. (2007). Family-based cognitive behavioral therapy for pediatric Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Comparison of intensive and weekly approaches. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 207-216.

[10] Pinard G. (2006). The pharmacologic and psychological treatment of obsessive- compulsive disorder. Can J Psychiatry, 51(7): 405-6.

[11] Rachman, S. J; Hodgson, R. J (2002) : Obssesive and Compulsions, Englewood cliffs, N. J. Prentice-Hall.

[12] Rachman, S. J; Desilva, R. J. (2002). Obssesive and Compulsions, Englewood cliffs, N. J., Prentice-Hall, European Journal of Integrative Medicine, (3), 120-133.

[13] Storch, Eric A., Geffken, Gary R., Merlo, Lisa J., Mann Giselle, Danny Duke B. A., Munson Melissa B. A., Adkins Jennifer, Krissten M., Grabill B. A., Goodman, Waynek M. D. (2006).

DOI: 10.1097/chi.0b013e31803062e7

[14] Trine Stub, Terje Alræk, Jianping Liu. (2011). Acupuncture treatment for depression-A systematic review and meta-analysis, European Journal of Integrative Medicine 3, e259-e270‏.

DOI: 10.1016/j.eujim.2011.09.003

[15] Van Oppen P., Emmelkamp P. M. G., van Balkom A., van Dyck R. (2005). The sensitivity to change of measures for obsessive-compulsive disorder. J Anxiety Disord, 9: 241-248.

DOI: 10.1016/0887-6185(95)00005-9

[16] Wells A., Cartwright-Hatton S. (2004). Does meta-cognition or responsibility predict obsessive–compulsive symptoms: a test of the metacognitive model. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 11, 137-144.

DOI: 10.1002/cpp.402

[17] Whittal Maureen L.; Woody Sheila R. ( 2010). Treatment of obsessions: A randomized controlled trial, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48(4), 295-303.

DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2009.11.010

[18] Whittal, M. L; Thorderson, D. S; M C lean, PD. (2005). Treatment of obsessive- compulsive disorder: cognitive behavior therapy, exposure and response prevention. Behavior Research and Therapy, 43, 1559-1570.

DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2004.11.012

[19] Whittal, Maureen. L. Robichaud, Melisa; Woody, Sheila. R. (2009). Cognitive Treatnent of Obsession: Enhancing Dissemination with video components. University of British Columbia, 197(8): 619-622.

DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpra.2009.07.001

[20] Whittal Maureen L; Robichaud Melisa; Woody Sheila R. (2010). Cognitive Treatnent of Obsession: Enhancing Dissemination with video components. University of British Columbia. Journal of behavior (5): 1234-1244.

DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpra.2009.07.001

[21] Whittal, Maureen. L; Woody, Sheila. R; Mclean, Peter. D; Rachman, S. J; Robichaud, Melisa. (2009).

Show More Hide