Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILSHS > Volume 10 > Non-Governmental Organizations and Development:...
< Back to Volume

Non-Governmental Organizations and Development: The Concept of “Place” and “Space”

Full Text PDF


This paper presents an assessment of the Non Governmental Organizations and their contributions to development and conflict transformation in communities around waters. The paper underscores the relevance of the place-centered approach to expound the possible contributions of local NGOs to the development processes. It presents the contributions of NGOs at the community level from three angles i.e. from the position of the water resources management, water consumption, and finally from the cultural perspective. Water is presented as a valuable source of development in the irrigation and hydropower sectors of Central Asia. The paper argues that much as water is a potential resource in development processes, it has also been a source of conflicts in particular localities such as Fergana valley. The paper presents a discussion on the possible role and contribution of NGOs in conflict transformation with particular respect to conflicts related to water issues. It argues that being active agents of change and development in societies, NGOs can use the “local context-oriented approach” in the development process and transformation of the tensions linked to the water resources.


International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences (Volume 10)
A. Fayziev "Non-Governmental Organizations and Development: The Concept of “Place” and “Space”", International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 10, pp. 46-53, 2013
Online since:
Sep 2013

Avilash Roul, The Elusive yet Abundant Hydropower in the Kyrgyz Republic, Eco World Media LLC, 2009. http: /www. ecoworld. com/energy-fuels/the-elusive-yet-abundant-hydropower-in-thekyrgyz-republic. html, accessed 16. 11. (2011).

Central Asian Water Info, Land resources of the Aral Sea basin, 2011, http: /www. cawater-info. net/aral/land_e. htm#irrigation, accessed 14. 11. (2011).

Coffee and Tea, Chaikhana, 2009. http: /cofevari. ru/chayhana/, (Russian source), accessed 12. 11. (2010).

Irin, Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan: Reducing cross-border water conflict", 2006. IRIN: a service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, http: /www. irinnews. org/report. aspx, reportid=28206, accessed 17. 11. (2011).

Khamidov Alisher Ferghana Valley: Harsh Winter's Legacy Stokes Ethnic Tension, 2008. EurasiaNet, http: /www. eurasianet. org/departments/insight/articles/eav060208. shtml, accessed 15. 11. (2011).

Marat Erica, Hydroelectricity or Irrigation: a Central Asian Dilemma", 2008. Eurasia Daily Monitor, Volume: (5) Issue: 229, http: /www. jamestown. org/single/, no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=34206, accessed 16. 11. (2011).

Marat Erica, Will Tajikistan Successfully Construct Rogun?" 2010. Eurasia Daily Monitor, Volume: 7 Issue: 17, http: /www. jamestown. org/single/, no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=35955&tx_ ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=53f9274652, accessed 16. 11. (2011).

Ministry of Irrigation and Water Management of the Republic of Tajikistan (MIWM RT), Water Sector Development Strategy in Tajikistan, 2006. http: /www. undp. tj/files/reports/waterstrategy_eng. pdf, accessed 15. 11. (2011).

Najibullah Frangis, Don't Love Your Neighbor, Radio Free Europe - Radio Liberty, OCTOBER, 2010. http: /www. rferl. org/content/Dont_Love_Your_Neighbor/2185027. html, accessed 15. 11. (2011).

Najibullah Frangis, Uzbekistan Worried About Tajik Power Plant's Effect On 'Frail' Environment, Radio Free Europe - Radio Liberty, FEBRUARY, 2010. http: /www. rferl. org/content/Uzbekistan_Worried_About_Tajik_Power_Plants_Affect_ On_Frail_Environment/1947437. html, accessed 11. 11. (2011).

National Cotton Council of America, Rankings of the largest cotton exporters, 2011. http: /www. cotton. org/econ/cropinfo/cropdata/rankings. cfm, accessed 15. 11. (2011).

Novikov Viktor and Rekacewicz, Philippe, Water issues in the Ferghana Valley, 2005. (map), United Nations Environment Programme: GRID-Arendalcentre, http: /maps. grida. no/go/graphic/water_issues_in_the_ferghana_valley, accessed 18. 11. (2011).

Ongwen Oduor, NGO Experience, Intervention, and Challenges in Water Strain, Demand, and Supply Management in Africa, in RACHED, EGLAL (EDS. ): Water Management in Africa and the Middle East, International Development Research Center, (1996).

Petrov N. and Andnormatov S.H., Conflict of Interests between Water Users in the Central Asian Region and Possible Ways to Its Elimination, Institute of Water Problems, Hydropower Engineering, and Ecology, Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, 2008. http: /www. springerlink. com/content/l33766x8402t7833/, accessed 16. 11. (2011).

Sachs Wolfgang, One World, (ED. ): The Development Dictionary: A Guide to Knowledge as Power, Zet Books Ltd., (1992) 102-115.

Wegerich Kai, Hydro-hegemony in the Amu Darya Basin, Irrigation and Water Engineering Group - Wageningen University, (2008). http: /waterwiki. net/images/0/0d.

Wegerich_2008_Hydro-hegemony_Amu_Darya_Basin. pdf: accessed 2 February (2012).

United Nation Development Programme, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, Tajikistan- Kyrgyzstan cross-border cooperation: UNDP conflict prevention in Ferghana valley, Program Report, 2002. http: /www. undp. tj/files/cooperation/conflict_prevention. pdf, accessed 16. 11. 2011 ( Received 13 August 2013; accepted 22 August 2013 ).

Show More Hide