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Pollutant Removal from Sewage in Tropical Climate by Constructed Wetland System: An Asset for Irrigation

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Abstract:

In the global outlook, letting of untreated sewage in existing river bodies deteriorates the water quality. The seepage likely depreciates the quality of ground water too. The quality of groundwater with special reference to India has tremendously gone down in the past twenty years leading to sour taste. On the other hand, agriculture sector is deprived of water in many places of India. A solution can be arrived concurrently by treating sewage and consuming the effluent in agricultural sector. First order kinetics was applied in constructed wetland system at different flow rates and optimised. At optimised HLR, effluent met the standards of discharge that can be utilized for agricultural/ irrigational purpose. The emanating major pollutants can be effectively treated using constructed wetland system under tropical climate. A few clippings at the onsite treatment illustrated the diversity of species thus adjoining sustainable biodiversity and treatment. Thus in tropical countries like India, constructed wetland system might pave solution not only for the treatment of sewage but in deploying the effluent in agricultural sector. A clean ecosystem can be achieved with sustainability.

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Periodical:
International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 82)
Pages:
20-43
Citation:
B. Usharani and N. Vasudevan, "Pollutant Removal from Sewage in Tropical Climate by Constructed Wetland System: An Asset for Irrigation", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 82, pp. 20-43, 2021
Online since:
April 2021
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