Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > ILNS Volume 81 > Diversity and Abundance of Butterfly (Lepidoptera)...
< Back to Volume

Diversity and Abundance of Butterfly (Lepidoptera) Fauna in Kalaimahal College Campus, Sembanarkoil, Tranqubar Taluk, Tamil Nadu

Full Text PDF


Butterflies are the sensitive insects which react quickly to any kind of disturbances like changes in the habitat quality and environmental variation. Apart from pollinators they play a major key role in food chain, being prey for birds, reptiles, spiders and predatory insects. It is one of the most important assemblages of insects that act as biodiversity indicators as well as nature’s gardeners. The objective of the present survey is focussed on the assessment of the diversity and abundance of butterfly conservation priorities in the study area. A total of 33 species of butterflies under 5 families and 26 genera were recorded during from December 2017 to February 2017 in the Kalimahal College campus, Sembarnarkoil, Tharangambadi Taluk. Nymphalidae was recorded as the most dominant family in terms of number of species (13) and number of genera (9), followed by Pieridae 8 species (6 genera), Lycaenidae 6 species (5 genera), Hesperiidae 3 species (3 genera), and Papilionidae 3 species (2 genera). Species richness (25), Simpson diversity index (0.7206) and Shannon ‘H’ index (1.783) were high in the month of December 2017. Simultaneously the Dominance index (0.6634) and Species Evenness (0.2871) were high in the month of February 2018. The outcomes of the present study highlight the importance of institutional campuses as a preferred habitat for butterflies. If the landscaping and maintenance of gardens are cautiously planned, the diversity of butterflies may increase in college campus providing a rich ground for butterfly conservation as well as for research.


International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 81)
J. P. Paramanandham et al., "Diversity and Abundance of Butterfly (Lepidoptera) Fauna in Kalaimahal College Campus, Sembanarkoil, Tranqubar Taluk, Tamil Nadu", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 81, pp. 1-11, 2021
Online since:
February 2021

[1] E.Q. Wilson, The little things that run the world (the importance and conservation of invertebrates). Conservation Biology. 1 (1987) 344-346.


[2] C. Kremen, A.M. Merenlender, D.D. Murphy, Ecological monitoring: a vital need for integrated conservation and development programs in the tropics. Conservation Biology. 8 (1994) 388–97.


[3] P.G. May, Flower selection and the dynamics of lipid reserves in two nectarivorous butterflies, Ecology 73 (1992) 2181- 2191.


[4] P.J. Gullan, P.S. Cranston, The Insects: An Outline of Entomology, In the importance, diversity and conservation of insects. 3rd Edition (2009), John Wiley and Sons Publishers, p.528.

[5] H. Gaonkar, Butterflies of the Western Ghats, India, including Srilanka; A biodiversity assessment of a threatened mountain system. (1996) Center for Ecological Sciences, IISc. Bangalore and the Natural History Museum, London. p.51.

[6] D.H. Janzen, Insect diversity of a Costa Rican dry forest; why keep it, and how? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 30 (1987). 343–356.


[7] T.D. Schowalter, Insect Ecology, an Ecosystem Approach, 2nd edn. (2006). Academic Press, San Diego, California.

[8] S. Prabakaran et al., Diversity of Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) in Tiruvallur District, Tamil Nadu, India. Bio life. 2(3) (2014) 769-778.

[9] K. Gunathilagaraj et al., Some South Indian butterflies: field guide. (1998) p.274.

[10] D. Evangeline, S. Santhi, Butterfly diversity at Guindy National Park in Metropolitan City of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, South India Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 5(4) (2017) 1361-1368.

[11] A. Anu, T.K. Sabu, P.J. Vineesh, Seasonality of litter insects and relationship with rainfall in a wet evergreen forest in south Western Ghats. J Sect. Sci. 9 (2009) 46.


[12] R. Shanthi, K.J. Hussain, K.P. Sanjayan, Influence of weather on the incidence of sucking pest complex on summer-irrigated cotton crops of Tamil Nadu. Hexapoda. 16(1)(2009) 89-92.

[13] A.D. Tiple, A.M. Khurad, R.L.H. Dennis, Butterfly diversity in relation to a human-impact gradient on an Indian university campus. Nota lepidopterologica. 30(1) (2007) 179-188.

[14] E. Pollard, A method for assessing changes in the abundance of butterflies. Biol. Conserv. (12) (1977) 115–153.

[15] K.J. Kunte, Seasonal patterns in butterfly abundance and species diversity in four tropical habitats in the northern Western Ghats. J Biosci. 22 (1997) 593 - 603.


[16] K.J. Kunte, Butterflies of peninsular India. University press (Hyderabad) and Indian Academy of Sciences (Bangalore) (2000) p.254.

[17] H.K. Jahir et al., Seasonal dynamics of butterfly population in DAE Campus, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India. J Threatened Taxa. 3(1) (2011) 1401-1414.


[18] D. Adiroubane, P. Kuppammal, Lepidopteron fauna of Agri-horticultural ecosystems in Karaikal region. J Biol Pest 3 (2010) 1-10.

[19] A. Bora, L.R. Meitei, Diversity of butterflies (Order: Lepidoptera) in Assam University Campus and its Vicinity, Cachar District, Assam, India. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences. 5(3) (2014) 328-339.

[20] K. Sarma et al., Diversity and habitat association of butterfly species in foothills of Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India. CIBTech Journal of Zoology. 1 (2013) 67-77.

[21] V.B. Khyade, S.G. Jagtap, Butterflies - Diversity in Mayureshwar Wildlife Sanctuary of Baramati Tehsil in Pune district (India). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 5(2) (2017) 443-457.


[22] P. Eswaran, P. Pramod, Structure of butterfly community of Anaikatty Hills, Western Ghats. Zoo's Print J 20 (2005) 1939-1942.


[23] K.A.D. Padhye et al., Season and Landscape wise distribution of butterflies in Tamhini, Northern, and Western Ghats, India. Zoos Print J 21 (3) (2006) 2175 - 2181.


[24] T. Ramesh et al., Patterns of diversity, abundance and habitat associations of butterfly communities in heterogeneous landscapes of the department of atomic energy (DAE) campus at Kalpakkam, South India. Inter J Biodiver Conser. 2(4) (2010) 75-85.

[25] N. Krishnakumar et al., Diversity of papililonid butterflies in the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, Southern India. Tiger Paper 35 (1) (2008) 1-8.

[26] N.E. Alma et al., The species composition of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) in Lipa city, Batangas, Philippines Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 5(2) (2017) 531-536.

[27] N. Ruchi, G. Nirjara, P. Sujatha, What determines the abundance of butterflies? - A short search. Recent Research in Science and Technology. 4(11) (2012) 28-33.

[28] P. Kumar, S. Ramarajan, A.G. Murugesan, Diversity of butterflies in relation to climatic factors in environmental centre campus of Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tamil Nadu India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 5(2) (2017) 1125-1134.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.